Mass in D major, K. 194

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Missa brevis in D major
Mass by W. A. Mozart
Martini bologna mozart 1777.jpg
The composer in 1777
Key D major
Catalogue K. 194/186h
Composed 1774 (1774): Salzburg
Published 1793 (1793)
Movements 6
Vocal SATB choir and soloists
Instrumental
  • brass
  • strings
  • continuo

The Missa brevis in D major, K. 194/186h, is a mass composed by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and completed on 8 August 1774.[1] It is scored for SATB soloists, SATB choir, violin I and II, 3 trombones colla parte, and basso continuo.

This missa brevis is thought to have been composed for ordinary liturgical use in the Salzburg Cathedral,[1][2] under the directive of Archbishop Colloredo. Mozart tried to satisfy Colloredo's demands for brevity and concision in the composition of this mass – none of the movements have an orchestral prelude, the orchestra itself is highly reduced, there is very little fugal writing, and much of the setting is homophonic.[3] In 1793, the Lotter house published the mass posthumously;[4] it was the first of Mozart's works to appear in print.[3]

The mass consists of six movements. Performances require approximately 15 minutes.

  1. Kyrie Andante, D major, common time
  2. Gloria Allegro moderato, D major, common time
  3. "Credo Allegro, D major, 3/4
    "Et incarnatus est" Andante moderato, D major, common time
    "Et resurrexit" Allegro, D major, 3/4
  4. Sanctus Andante, D major, common time
    "Pleni sunt coeli et terra" Allegro, D major, 3/4
  5. Benedictus Andante ma non troppo, G major, common time
    "Hosanna in excelsis" Allegro, D major, 3/4
  6. Agnus Dei Andante, D major, 3/4
    "Dona nobis pacem" Allegro, D major, common time

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