K. N. Ezhuthachan

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K. N. Ezhuthachan
के एन् एषुत्तच्छन्.jpg
Kudiyirikkal Narayanan Ezhuthachan

(1911-05-21)21 May 1911
Died28 October 1981(1981-10-28) (aged 70)
OccupationPoet, Teacher, Critic, Essayist, Translator
Notable work
Keralodayam Mahakavyam
Spouse(s)Janaki Amma
Children3 Daughters and 2 Sons
Parent(s)Kudiyirikkal Krishnan Ezhuthachan, Lakshmi Amma

Kudiyirikkal Narayanan Ezhuthachan (21 May 1911 – 28 October 1981), commonly known as Dr.K.N.Ezhuthachan was an Indian writer and scholar of Malayalam literature. He was one among the principal followers of the idea of social impact on literature. Ezhuthachan supported Marxist literary criticism. And interpreted Indian literary works based on Marxist aesthetics. He won the Sahitya Akademi Award for his work Keralodayam, a long narrative poem written in Sanskrit. He is the first Malayali to win Sahitya Akademi Award in sanskrit literature.[1][2] He died on 28 October 1981 while delivering a lecture at Calicut University.[3]

Early life[edit]

Dr.K. N. Ezhuthachan was born in the village Cherpulassery in Palakkad district, Kerala. As the son of eye specialist and Sanskrit scholar Kudiyirikkal Krishnan Ezhuthachan, Lakshmi amma on 21 May 1911. Ezhuthachan studied basics of Sanskrit from father's Sanskrit school.[4] After passing the Vidwan examination he began his career as a teacher and taught at two schools. He also worked as a clerk and stenographer in Bombay for a brief period. Later, he took his Masters degrees in Malayalam, Sanskrit, and English. Besides he learned languages like Hindi, Tamil, Kannada and Marathi.[5] In 1953, he joined Madras University as Lecturer and simultaneously worked for his PhD in the same University. After completing his PhD on Bhashakautaleeyam, Ezhuthachan joined University of Calicut as a Lecturer. He also served as a Senior Research Officer at Kerala State Institute of Languages, Research Fellow of Dravidian Linguistics Association and Visiting Professor at University of Calicut.[6][1]

K. N. Ezhuthachan had worked for the formation of institutions like Thaaliyola grantha library: a library for old Palm-leaf manuscript, Which was established in 1971 under Malayalam Departement of the University of Calicut.[7] And Vallathol educational trust, A trust formed in 1977 in memory of Vallathol Narayana Menon.[8]

Literary career[edit]

Dr.K. N. Ezhuthachan was the author of many books in Malayalam, including short stories, poems, and essays. His book, The history of the grammatical theories in Malayalam published in 1975, is considered to be a seminal work in the field of Malayalam grammar.[9][10] He has also authored a research thesis on Thunchath Ezhuthachan's Adhyathma Ramayanam and scholarly article about Kilippattu.[1]



  • Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar


  • Kadhamalika
  • Kadhabhooshanam
  • Kadhamanjusha
  • Kadhasowdham
  • Mahilaaramam
  • Veerahuthi(Translation of Venisamhara)



  • Ilayum Verum(6 Articles)
  • Kathirkkula(13 Articles)
  • Uzhutha Nilangal(6 Articles)
  • Ezhilampala(7 Articles)
  • Kiranangal(21 Articles)
  • Deepamala(13 Articles)
  • Kaaladippaathakal(7 Articles)
  • Sameeksha(12 Articles)
  • Muththum pavizhavum(7 Articles): Won Kerala Sahitya Akademi C.B.Kumar endowment award in the year 1976.[11]
  • Saahithee chinthakal
  • Thiranjedutha prabandhangal(2 Volumes)

In addition to these about twenty articles which published in Mathrubhumi weekly, Deshabhimani etc. The essence of Ezhuthachan's essay is radical thinking, logic and simplicity. His essays are best examples for presenting most things in least words with obvious manner.[1] He was co-author for a Malayalam - Kannada Dictionary also.[12]

Main Translations[edit]

Other research papers[edit]

  • Kilippattu prasthanam - dheerghapadanam In the book Saahithyacharithram prasthaanangaliloode
  • Randu bhagavat geethakal- A comparison of Madhava panikkar's Bhagavad Gita and Pattanar's thamizh Bhagavad Gita
  • Tharoor swaroopam (Annals of Oriental research, Madras University 1954)
  • Ramacarita and its Metres (Annals of Oriental research, Madras University 1957)
  • A study of Ramayana Themes in Malayalam: Ramayana seminar,S. V. University 1965
  • The morphology of Lilatilakam: Linguistic seminar, Trivandrum 1965
  • The problem of meaning: International symposium, Madras 1965
  • Modern trends in poetry: International symposium, Madras 1965
  • Nationalistic Trends in Indian Poetry: Vallathol - Bharathi Symposium, Madras 1965

Articles which added in encyclopedia[edit]

  • Thunchaththezhutahchan (In Encyclopedia published by Government of Kerala)
  • The Artisan Classes of Kerala (Social history of Kerala).[4]

K. N. Ezhuthachan Smaraka puraskaram[edit]

K. N. Ezhuthachan Smaraka puraskaram is an award given by organisation Samskara pattambi in memory of K. N. Ezhuthachan. It was first given in 2014 to Sunil P. Ilayidom.[13] Malayalam short story writer T. P. Venugopalan received K. N. Ezhuthachan Smaraka puraskaram in the year 2016 for his work Kunnumpuram kaarnival(A compilation of Malayalam short stories).[14]


  1. ^ a b c d "Dr. K. N. Ezhuthachan Kerala sahityaakademi website". Kerala Sahitya Akademi. Archived from the original on 1 December 2017. Retrieved 24 April 2018.
  2. ^ "Awards & fellowships - Akademi Awards". Sahitya Akademi, India's National Akademi of Letters. Archived from the original on 31 March 2009. Retrieved 29 June 2009.
  3. ^ Akhilavijnanakosam (an encyclopaedia in Malayalam ), Vol. 4, D.C. Books.
  4. ^ a b Prof. Aanappaya Sethumadhavan (1999). ḍo. ke. en. eḻuttacchan ഡോ. കെ. എൻ. എഴുത്തച്ഛൻ. Thiruvananthapuram: Department of Cultural publications, Government of Kerala. ISBN 81-86365-81-8.
  5. ^ "DEPICTION OF FREEDOM MOVEMENT IN SANSKRIT WORKS OF KERALA AUTHORS" (PDF). Shodhganga:a reservoir of Indian theses. Retrieved 28 April 2018.
  6. ^ "University of Calicut – Department of Malayalam and Kerala Studies" (PDF). University of Calicut. Retrieved 30 June 2009.[dead link]
  7. ^ "കാലിക്കറ്റ് താളിയോല ഗ്രന്ഥ ലൈബ്രറി ഡിജിറ്റൽവൽക്കരണം". Thejas news online. 30 April 2016. Archived from the original on 21 June 2018. Retrieved 21 June 2018.
  8. ^ "Vallathol Vidyapeetham website". Archived from the original on 23 October 2017. Retrieved 21 June 2018.
  9. ^ Ezhuthachan, K. N. (1975). The history of the grammatical theories in Malayalam. Trivandrum: Dravidian Linguistics Association. Retrieved 19 May 2018 – via Open Library.
  10. ^ Ezhuthachan, K. N (2008). History Of Gramatical Theories In Malayalam(Part 1). Trivandrum: Dravidian linguistics association.
  11. ^ "C.B.Kumar Endowment". Kerala Sahitya Akademi. Archived from the original on 4 November 2014. Retrieved 22 February 2018.
  12. ^ "Malayalam Kannada nighandu". University of Calicut, Library catalog. Archived from the original on 18 May 2018. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  13. ^ "കെ എൻ എഴുത്തച്ഛൻ പുരസ്കാരം സുനിൽ പി ഇളയിടത്തിന്". Deshabhimani online. 8 November 2014. Archived from the original on 21 June 2018. Retrieved 21 June 2018.
  14. ^ "കെ.എൻ. എഴുത്തച്ഛൻ സ്മാരക പുരസ്‌കാരം സമ്മാനിച്ചു". Mathrubhumi online. 9 April 2016. Archived from the original on 9 April 2016. Retrieved 21 June 2018.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]