K. Shivaram Karanth
|K. Shivarama Karantha (ಶಿವರಾಮ ಕಾರಂತ)|
10 October 1902|
Kota, Udupi, Kingdom of Mysore, British India
|Died||9 December 1997
Manipal, Udupi district, Karnataka
|Occupation||Novelist, playwright, poet, naturalist, environmentalist, film director, journalist, Yakshagana researcher and artist, educationist|
|Genre||Fiction, popular science, literature for children, dance-drama|
Kota Shivaram Karanth (ಶಿವರಾಮ ಕಾರಂತ)(10 October 1902 – 9 December 1997) was a Kannada writer, social activist, environmentalist, Yakshagana artist, film maker and thinker. He was described as the "Rabindranath Tagore of Modern India, who has been one of the finest novelists-activists since independence" by critic Ramachandra Guha. He was the third writer to be decorated with the Jnanpith Award for Kannada, the highest literary honor conferred in India.
Shivaram Karanth was born on 10 October 1902, in Kota near Udupi in the Udupi district of Karnataka to a Kannada speaking family. The fifth child of his parents Shesha Karantha and Lakshmamma, he completed his primary education in Kundapura and Mangalore. Shivaram Karanth was influenced by Gandhi's principles and took part in Indian Independence movement when he was in college. He did not complete his education and went to participate in the Non-co-operation movement and canvassed for khadi and swadeshi for five years up to 1927. By that time Karanth had already started writing fiction novels and plays.
Karanth was an intellectual and environmentalist who made notable contribution to the art and culture of Karnataka. He is considered one of most influential novelists in the Kannada language. His novels Marali Mannige, Bettada Jeeva, Alida Mele, Mookajjiya Kanasugalu, Mai Managala Suliyalli, Ade OOru Ade Mara, Shaneeshwarana Neralinalli, Kudiyara Koosu, Svapnada Hole, Sarsammana Samadhi, and Chomana Dudi are widely read and have received critical acclaim. He wrote two books on Karnataka's ancient stage dance-drama Yakshagana (1957 and 1975).
He was involved in experiments in the technique of printing for some years in the 1930s and 1940s and printed his own novels, but incurred financial losses. He was also a painter and was deeply concerned with the issue of nuclear energy and its impact on the environment. At the age of 95, he wrote a book on birds (published during 2002 by Manohara Grantha Mala, Dharwad)
He wrote, apart from his forty seven novels, thirty one plays, four short story collections, six books of essays and sketches, thirteen books on art, two volumes of poems, nine encyclopedias, and over one hundred articles on various issues.
Literary and National honors
- Jnanpith Award – 1978 
- Sahitya Akademi Fellowship (1985)
- Sangeet Natak Akademi Fellowship (1973)
- Padma Bhushan (He returned his Padma Bhushan honour in protest against the Emergency imposed in India)
- Sahitya Academy award – 1959
- Karnataka state Sahitya Akademi Award
- Sangeet Natak Award
- Pampa Award
- Swedish Academy award
- Tulsi Samman (1990)
- Dadabhai Nauroji Award (1990)
- Honrary Doctrate from Mysore University, Meerut University, Karnatak University and others.
- National Film Award – (Posthumously)
- National Film Award – Special Jury Award / Special Mention Writer – Bettada Jeeva – K. Shivaram Karanth – 2011
- Mookajjiya Kanasugalu ("Dreams of a Silent Granny") (Jnanpith award winning novel)
- Marali Mannige ("Back to the Soil")
- Chomana Dudi ("Drum of Choma")
- Mai Managala Suliyalli ("In the Whirlpool of Body and Soul")
- Bettada Jeeva ("Life in the Hills")
- Sarasammana Samadhi ("Grave of Sarasamma")
- Dharmayana Samsara ("Family of Dharmayana")
- Alida Mele ("After Death")
- Kudiyara Kusu ("Infant of Kudiya")
- Mailikallinodane matukate ("Conversation with the Milestone")
- Chiguridha Kanasu"
- Mugida Yudda" ("Completed War")
- Dharmarayana samsara
- Kevala Manushyaru
- Iddaru chinthe
- Navu kattida swarga
- Nashta diggajagalu
- Kanniddu kanaru
- Gedda doddasthike
- Kannadiyalli kandatha
- Antida aparanji
- Halliya hattu samastharu
- Moga Padeda Mana
- Shaneeshwarana Neralinalli
- Nambidavara Naka Naraka
- Oudaryada Urulalli
- Onti Dani
- Swapnada Hole
- Jaruva Dariyalli
- Ukkida Nore
- Balveye Belaku
- Ala Nirala
- Ade Uru Ade Mara
- Innonde Dari
- Jagadoddara Na
- Nature, Science and Environment
- Vijnana prapancha ("The World of Science")
- Adbhuta jagattu ("Wonderful World")
- Prani Prapancha'
- Prani Prapanchada Vismayagalu
- Pakshigala Adbhuta Loka
- Yaksagana - English translation, Indira Gandhi National Center for the Arts (1997)
- Yakshagana Bayalata
- Dum Dum Dolu
- Oduva Ata
- Vishala Sagaragalu
- Balaprapancha - Makkalavishwakosha - Vol 1,2,3
- Mailikallinodane Matukathegalu
- Mariyappana Sahasagalu
- Nachiketa - Ack
- Ibbara Gaja Panditaru
- Oduva Ata - Sirigannada Pathamale
- Mathina Sethuve
- Jatayu Hanumanta
- Hucchu Manasina Hatthu Mukhagalu (English translation: "Ten Faces of a Crazy Mind", by H Y Sharada Prasad)
- Smriti Pataladinda (Vol 1-3)
- Abuvinda Baramakke
- Apoorva Paschima ("Incomparable West")
- Paataalakke Payana ("Travel to the nether world")
- Panje Mangesharayaru : Kannada Nadu Mattu Kannadigara Parampare
- Sri Ramakrishnara Jeevana Charithre
Art, Architecture and Other
- Bharatheya chitrakale
- Jnana ("Knowledge")
- Sirigannada Artha Kosha
- Kala Prapancha
- Yaksharangakkagi Pravasa
- Arivina Ananda
- Life The Only Light - A Guide To Saner Living
- Chalukya Shilpakale
Karantha Balavana, Puttur
One of the places of interest in Puttur, the Balavana, was founded by Jnanpith awardee K. Shivarama Karantha. It contains an art gallery, library, museum, dance hall (natyashala), stage for plays (rangamandira), playground and a swmming pool. His works, created in a span of forty years of observation, hard work and devotion earned him the titles "Nadedaaduva Vishwakosha (Walking Encyclopaedia), "Kadalateerada Bhargava". He had a keen ear and eye for the beauty, majesty and mystery of nature which are reflected in his works. Puttur became a pristine arena where he understood the complexities and the struggles of life, rendering him with the imaginative power to look at life from different dimensions. After his death, Balavana is being rejuvenated, thanks to the efforts of the citizens of Puttur, with the support of the governmental authorities.
- Chandra (1999), p.575
- The Arun Shourie of the left
- "Jnanapeeth Awards". Ekavi. Archived from the original on 3 November 2013. Retrieved 31 October 2006.
- "Jnanpith Laureates Official listings". Jnanpith Website.
- Guha, Ramachandra (13 October 2002). "The Kannada colossus". The Hindu. Retrieved 24 November 2006.
- Karanta (1997), p.253
- "Fellow and Honorary Fellows". Sahitya Akademi-National Academi of Letters. Retrieved 23 November 2014.
- "Sangeet Natak Akademi Ratna Puraskar (Akademi Fellows)". Sahitya Natak Akademi-National Akademi of Music, Dance and Drama. Retrieved 23 November 2014.
- "Shivarama Karanth is dead". Rediff on the Net. 9 December 1997. Retrieved 23 November 2014.
- Dutt, Kartik Chandra (1999) . Who's who of Indian Writers, 1999: A-M. New Delhi: Sahitya Akademi. ISBN 81-260-0873-3.
- Kāranta, Śivarāma (1997) . Yakshagana. Abhinav Publications. ISBN 81-7017-357-4.
- Malini Mallya, Hattiradinda Kanda Hattu Mukhagalu
- Malini Mallya, Naanu Kanda Karantaru