|Max. CPU clock rate||2 MHz to 5 MHz|
The K1810VM86 (Russian: К1810ВМ86) is a Soviet 16-bit microprocessor, a clone of the Intel 8086 CPU with which it is binary and pin compatible. It was developed between 1982 and 1985. The original K1810VM86 supported a clock frequency of up to 5 MHz while up to 8 MHz were allowed for the later K1810VM86M (К1810ВМ86M; corresponding to Intel 8086-2). The K1810VM86 was manufactured plastic 40-pin dual in-line package (as KR1810VM86 / КР1810ВМ86) or in a 40-pin ceramic dual in-line package (as KM1810VM86 / КМ1810ВМ86 for the commercial version or M1810VM86 / М1810ВМ86 for the military version). A clone of the related Intel 8088 with its 8-bit bus was manufactured as the K1810VM88 (Russian: К1810ВМ88), also in plastic and ceramic packages.
Technology and support chips
The K1810VM86 was manufactured with an n-MOS process.
|КР1810ВМ86||KR1810VM86||Intel 8086||central processing unit, 16-bit bus|
|КМ1810ВМ87||KM1810VM87||Intel 8087||floating-point coprocessor|
|КР1810ВМ88||KR1810VM88||Intel 8088||central processing unit, 8-bit bus|
|КР1810ВМ89||KR1810VM89||Intel 8089||input/output coprocessor|
|КР1810ВТ2||KR1810VT2||Intel 8202||DRAM controller, 16KB|
|КР1810ВТ3||KR1810VT3||Intel 8203||DRAM controller, 64KB|
|КР1810ВТ37||KR1810VT37||Intel 8237||DMA controller|
|КР1810ВИ54||KR1810VI54||Intel 8254||programmable interval timer|
|КР1810ВК56||KR1810VK56||Intel 8256AH||multifunction universal asynchronous receiver/transmitter|
|КР1810ВТ57А||KR1810VT57A||Intel 8257||programmable DMA controller|
|КР1810ВН59А||KR1810VN59A||Intel 8259A||programmable interrupt controller|
|КР1810ВГ72А||KR1810VG72A||Intel 8272A||floppy-disk controller|
|КР1810ГФ84||KR1810GF84||Intel 8284||system clock generator/driver|
|КР1810ВГ88||KR1810VG88||Intel 8288||bus controller|
|КР1810ВБ89||KR1810VB89||Intel 8289||Bus arbiter|
For brevity, the table above lists only the chip variants in a plastic DIP (prefix КР). Not listed separately are variants in a ceramic DIP (prefix КМ for commercial version and prefix М for the military version).
Additionally, many devices in the K580 series could be used for the K1810 series as well.
Unlike the earlier KR580VM80A which was very popular in the Soviet Union but were little used elsewhere, the K1810VM86 was widely used throughout the Eastern Block due to it being one of the first 16-bit microprocessors available there and among those the only one with an x86 instruction set, allowing it to run MS-DOS. Examples for personal computers built based on the K1810VM86 (or the 8-bit bus variant K1810VM88) are:
- Iskra-502, Iskra-1030, Iskra-1130, Poisk in the Soviet Union
- Mazovia 1016 in Poland
- PP 01.16 in Czechoslovakia
- A7100, A7150, EC1834 in East Germany
CMOS versions equivalent to the Intel 80C86 were named KR1834VM86 (КР1834ВМ86; developed in Kiev in 1989 / 1990 and then manufactured in Minsk) and KR1835VM86 (КР1835ВМ86). The original KR1810VM86 is still shown on the price list of 2 February 2018 of the "Kvazar" plant in Kiev together with various support chips of the K580 and K1810 series, while the newer CMOS versions appear to be no longer in production.
No other processors with an x86 instruction set were designed in the Soviet Union until much later the 1875VD1T (1875ВД1Т, equivalent to the Intel 80C186) and 1875VD2T (1875ВД2Т, equivalent to the Intel 80386EXTB).
- Ниссельсон, Л.И. (1989). Цифровые и аналоговые интегральные микросхемы [Digital and analog integrated circuits] (in Russian). Радио и связь. pp. 274–285. ISBN 5256002597.
- Hans, Bäurich (1988). Einführung in die 16-Bit-Mikrorechentechnik mit dem K 1810 WM 86 [Introduction to 16-bit microcomputers using the K1810VM86] (in German). Militärverlag der DDR. ISBN 3327005540.
- "1810ая серия" [1810 series] (in Russian). Retrieved 9 June 2016.
- Козак, Виктор Романович (24 May 2014). "Номенклатура интегральных микросхем — Микропроцессоры: серии 1807 - 1826" [Nomenclature of integrated circuits — Microprocessors: Series 1807 - 1826] (in Russian). Retrieved 24 March 2016.
- "SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY - EUROPE & LATIN AMERICA". Defense Technical Information Center. 22 June 1987. pp. 66–75. Retrieved 12 February 2018.
- Козак, Виктор Романович (24 May 2014). "Номенклатура интегральных микросхем — Микропроцессоры: серии 1827 - 1880" [Nomenclature of integrated circuits — Microprocessors: Series 1827 - 1880] (in Russian). Retrieved 24 March 2016.
- "1834ая серия" [1834 series] (in Russian). Retrieved 9 June 2016.
- "Soviet microprocessors, microcontrollers, FPU chips and their western analogs". CPU-world. Retrieved 24 March 2016.
- "Микропроцессор КР1835ВМ86" [The microprocessor KR1835VM86]. Радиолюбитель (in Russian). May 1993. p. 46. Retrieved 19 April 2016.
- "ПРОДУКЦИЯ И ЦЕНЫ" [Products and prices] (in Russian). Kiev: DP "Kvazar-IS". Retrieved 29 March 2016.
- "Изделия отечественного производства" [Domestic products] (in Russian). Moscow: AO "ENPO SPELS". 2005. Retrieved 1 September 2016.
- "Каталог продукции" [Product catalog] (in Russian). Saint Petersburg: ZAO Svetlana Semiconductors. Retrieved 30 May 2016.