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KAMINI (Kalpakkam Mini reactor) is a research reactor at Indira Gandhi Center for Atomic Research in Kalpakkam, India. It achieved criticality on October 29, 1996.[1] Designed and built jointly by the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) and Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research (IGCAR)[2] it produces 30 KW[3] of thermal energy at full power.

KAMINI is cooled and moderated by light water, and fueled with uranium-233 metal produced by the thorium fuel cycle harnessed by the neighbouring FBTR reactor.

It is the world’s only thorium-based experimental reactor, as of 2006.

KAMINI was the first reactor in the world designed specifically to use uranium-233 fuel. Use of the large thorium reserves to produce nuclear fuel is a key strategy of India's nuclear energy program.


  1. ^ "India: Experimental thorium reactor critical". Wise International. 1996-11-13. Retrieved 2016-08-17. 
  2. ^ "Applications of KAMINI - The Reactor". Archived from the original on 31 Oct 2002. 
  3. ^ "IGCAR Repocessing Group". Archived from the original on 18 July 2014. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 12°33′30″N 80°10′30″E / 12.55833°N 80.17500°E / 12.55833; 80.17500