King Abdullah University of Science and Technology

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King Abdullah University of Science and Technology
جامعة الملك عبد الله للعلوم والتقنية
KAUST Logo.svg
Motto "Through Inspiration, Discovery"
Established September 5, 2009
Type Public
Endowment US$20 billion[1]
President Jean-Lou Chameau
Undergraduates None
Postgraduates 1200[2]
Location Thuwal, Makkah Province, Saudi Arabia
Coordinates: 22°18′45″N 39°06′38″E / 22.312602°N 39.11047°E / 22.312602; 39.11047
Campus 3,600 hectares (8,900 acres)
Colors Green, yellow, orange, blue
Website www.kaust.edu.sa

King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) (Arabic: جامعة الملك عبد الله للعلوم و التقنيةjāmiʿat al-malik ʿabd al-Lāh li-l-ʿulūm wa-t-teqniyya – KAUST) is a public research university located in Thuwal, Saudi Arabia.

KAUST was founded in 2009 and focuses exclusively on graduate education and research, using English as the official language of instruction. It offers programs in Biological and Environmental Science and Engineering; Computer, Electrical, and Mathematical Science and Engineering; and Physical Science and Engineering. It was announced in 2013 that KAUST had one of the fastest growing research and citation records in the world.[3]

History[edit]

KAUST officially opened on September 23, 2009, in Thuwal, Saudi Arabia.

Campus[edit]

Campus laboratories with town buildings and mosque on the left
Residential street with outdoor sculpture

KAUST’s core campus, located on the Red Sea at Thuwal, is sited on more than 36 square kilometres (14 sq mi), encompassing a marine sanctuary and research facility.[4]

KAUST is the first mixed-gender university campus in Saudi Arabia. Saudi authorities hope the mixed-gender center will help modernize the kingdom's deeply conservative society.[5] The religious police do not operate on-site. Women are allowed to mix freely with men and to drive on campus, and they are not required to wear veils in the coeducational classes.[6]

KAUST was Saudi Arabia's first LEED certified project and is the world's largest LEED Platinum campus.[7] Designed by international architecture firm HOK, it was also chosen by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) Committee on the Environment (COTE) as one of the 2010 Top Ten Green Projects.[8] The University Library received the 2011 AIA/ALA Library Building Award for accomplishments in library architecture. [9]

Laboratories[edit]

Research institutions in the Kingdom and the region will link to the university’s supercomputer and other laboratory facilities through the 10 gigabits per second (Gbps) Saudi Arabian Advanced Research and Education Network (SAREN).[10]

Residential neighborhoods[edit]

KAUST students, faculty and staff live in one of three residential areas: Safaa Gardens, Harbor District and Safaa Island neighborhood. Areas of community activity include Discovery Square, multiple gym facilities, libraries, and coffee shops. Discovery Square includes a movie theater, a grocery store, and several restaurants.

Academics and research[edit]

The University organizes interdisciplinary collaborative research teams across three academic divisions Biological and Environmental Science and Engineering (BESE); Computer, Electrical, and Mathematical Science and Engineering (CEMSE); and Physical Science and Engineering (PSE). It offers two graduate programs: a Master of Science degree (18 months) and a Ph.D. program (3–4 years).[11]

KAUST focuses on research that applies science and technology to problems of human need, social advancement, and economic development.[10] Four strategic research thrusts build KAUST’s research agenda: Resources, Energy and Environment; Biosciences and Bioengineering; Materials Science and Engineering; Applied Mathematics and Computational Science.[10]

To support these thrusts, KAUST established multidisciplinary Research Centers focused on catalysis, clean combustion, computational bioscience, geometric modeling and scientific visualization, membranes, desert agriculture, Red Sea science and engineering, solar and alternative energy science and engineering, and water desalination and reuse.[10]

Organization and administration[edit]

The first president of the university was Choon Fong Shih.[12] On February 16, 2013, the executive committee of the board of trustees at KAUST appointed Jean-Lou Chameau, the former president of the California Institute of Technology, as the new President of KAUST.[13]

KAUST has established self-directed organizations. Its graduate student council was established in 2009, for voicing students' interests. Under the council there are four subcommittees: Academic and Research Committee, Graduate Life Committee, International Business Relations Committee and University Relations Committee.[14]

Students[edit]

As of September 2014, KAUST has 840 students in total. The student population comes from over 60 nationalities from all continents. The largest single national representation is from China with India in second place. Saudi Arabia is the third most prevalent nationality of the student make up.

Building design information[edit]

  • Size: 4 million square feet; 2.1 million square foot laboratory; 5.2 million square foot campus
  • Architect, Lab Planner, Lead MEP Engineer, Interiors: HOK
  • Architect of Record: Oger International, Paris
  • MEP (Fire Protection): R.G. Vanderweil Engineers, Boston
  • MEP (Energy Modeling): Affiliated Engineers Inc., Seattle
  • Structural Engineer: HOK and Walter P. Moore, Houston
  • Environmental Consultant: RWDI, Guelph, Ontario, Canada
  • Civil Engineer: LJA Engineering, Houston
  • Landscape Architect: HOK Planning Group, Atlanta
  • Lighting Design and Consulting: HOK and Pivotal Lighting Design, Seattle

Awarded Lab of the Year for 2011 by R&D Magazine http://www.rdmag.com/news/2011/03/new-beginnings-2011-laboratory-year-winners

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sciencemag
  2. ^ http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/420231.article
  3. ^ http://www.al-fanarmedia.org/2013/10/how-saudi-universities-rose-in-the-global-rankings
  4. ^ "KAUST general FAQs". King Abdullah University of Science and Technology. Retrieved 2 October 2009. 
  5. ^ Slackman, Michael (18 November 2009). "A Saudi Gamble to See if Seeds of Change Will Grow". The New York Times. Retrieved 3 April 2013. 
  6. ^ BBC - Saudis open hi-tech science oasis
  7. ^ World's largest LEED-Platinum project finds place in Top Ten Green Projects
  8. ^ AIA’s Top Ten Green Architecture Projects of 2010
  9. ^ KAUST Library - 2011 AIA / ALA Library Building Awards
  10. ^ a b c d e "KAUST Research". King Abdullah University of Science and Technology. 
  11. ^ "KAUST Academics". King Abdullah University of Science and Technology. 
  12. ^ Selingo, Jeff (22 April 2011). "Saudi Arabia’s Elite New University Pursues ‘High-Risk Research for a High Return’". The Chronicle. Retrieved 3 April 2013. 
  13. ^ "KAUST appoints new president". Asharq Alawsat. 21 February 2013. Retrieved 3 July 2013. 
  14. ^ http://www.kaust.edu.sa/student_services/graduateservices/council.html?submenuheader=0