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2fm logo 2012.jpg
Cool FM Logo (English Text) 2012~present
Broadcast areaSeoul, Incheon, Gyeonggi Province, Chuncheon, Wonju, Hongcheon, Hoengseong, Cheorwon, Cheonan, Asan, Yesan, Hongseong, Dangjin, Seosan, Taean, South Korea (with nationwide popularization propagation broadcast.)
BrandingKBS Cool FM
SloganYouth Channel Emotional Channel, Popular Music 89.1
FrequencyFM: 89.1 MHz
FM: 90.9 MHz
FM: 97.7MHz
First air date1965~1980 (as TBC)
1980~Present (as KBS 2FM)
FormatHot AC
Power10,000 watts (Seoul)
ClassA, B, C, D, E
Callsign meaningHL
Former callsignsHLCD-FM (FM Radio 1965~1966)
Former frequenciesAM 639 kHz (Repeater until 2003)
Sister stationsKBS Radio 1,
KBS Radio 2,
KBS Radio 3,
KBS Classic FM
WebcastListen Live

KBS Cool FM (Hangul : KBS 쿨FM)(also known as KBS 2FM Hangul : KBS 제2FM방송) is a Hot AC music radio station of the Korean Broadcasting System. It plays mostly older K-pop Music from the 90s compared with KBS-FM (2Radio).[1] The station's popular shows are Popular Plaza, Volume Up and Kiss the Radio.

Cool FM Studios.


TBC Radio Era[edit]

  • 1965-06-26 : Tongyang Broadcasting Corporation (Hangul: 동양 방송 공사) (Former body of JTBC.) was launched.
  • 1965-06-27 : Radio Seoul Broadcasting (Hangul: 라디오 서울 방송) HLCD 89.1 MHz Started broadcasting.
  • 1966 : Renamed as TBC-FM. 639 kHz AM Repeater launched.
  • 1970 : TBC-FM Started South Korea's First Stereo FM Broadcast.
  • 1980-12-01 : TBC-FM forced merged into KBS Radio by the special law of Chun Doo-hwan, president of military authorities.

KBS Radio 4 Era[edit]

  • 1980-12-25 : Relaunched as KBS Radio 4 (Korean : KBS 제4라디오) aired Oldies and Trot. Callsign changed to HLKC-FM.
  • 1988-12-24 : KBS Radio 4(Frequency: 89.1Mhz) Started Partial 24-hour Broadcast (Monday~Friday 24-hours Saturday~Sunday 18-hours).
  • 1990-05-30 : Transmission power increased (TPO:1 kW ERP:173.5 kW → TPO:10 kW ERP:350 kW)
  • 1994-10-01 : 24-hour Broadcast started.

KBS 2FM/KBS Cool FM Era[edit]

  • 2003-10-10 : Renamed as KBS Cool FM/KBS 2FM (Korean : KBS 쿨FM/KBS 제2FM) aired KPop Music. 639 kHz AM Repeater stopped broadcasting
  • 2005-03-03 : KBS Cool FM Opened its studio to the public along with KBS Radio 2.
  • 2006 : Started visual radio (BORA) broadcasts on the internet.
  • 2010-03-02 : KBS Moved Cool FM's radio transmitter from Mount Namsan to Mount Gwanaksan.
  • 2013 : KBS 2FM Celebrated its 33rd anniversary. As part of the anniversary celebration all KBS 2FM programs (excluding Kiss The Radio) are made available nationwide via KBS MUSIC on DMB TV Channel 12B-2 also Visual radio (BORA) broadcasts became accessible by both registered and non-registered KBS website users via Fstream.


FM Radio[edit]

Transmitter Callsign Frequency Power Transmitter location
Mt. Gwanaksan HLKC-FM FM 89.1 MHz 10 kW Bisan-dong, Dongan-gu, Anyang-si, Gyeonggi-do (Mt. Gwanak)
Seongnam - FM 97.7 MHz 200W Eunhaeng-dong, Jungwon-gu, Seongnam-si, Gyeonggi-do
Baengnyeongdo - FM 90.9 MHz 100W Bukpo-ri, Baengnyeong-myeon, Ongjin-gun, Incheon metropolitan city
  • Only KBS Seoul Station (headquarters) provides 'KBS Cool FM'. So KBS Cool FM is only available in Seoul, Incheon, Gyeonggi Province, Chuncheon, Wonju, Hongcheon, Hoengseong, Cheorwon, Cheonan, Asan, Yesan, Hongseong, Dangjin, Seosan, Taean, Jincheon, Eumseong and Chungju in South Korea. This was due to a controversy. (See Korean Broadcasting System#2002 - KBS 2FM advertisement scandal)

DMB Radio(U-KBS Music)[edit]

KBS 2FM Can be tuned nationwide via DMB audio channel KBS MUSIC (U-KBS).

  • Seoul : CH 12B
  • Chuncheon : CH 13B
  • Daejeon/Cheongju : CH 11B
  • Gwangju/Jeonju: CH 12B/CH 8B/CH 7B
  • Daegu : CH 7B/CH 9B
  • Busan/Ulsan : CH 12B/CH 9B
  • Jeju : CH 13B/CH 8B


  • Despite being South Korea's No.10 Radio Station 2FM Program Volume Up became the highest-rated radio program in its timeslot across both AM and FM bandwidths in Seoul.[2][3]

Time Check Sponsors[edit]

TBC Era[edit]

  • LG Electronics : 1970 ~ 1973
  • Maeil Dairies Co., Ltd : 1973 ~ 1975
  • Sony Korea, c : 1975 ~ 1976
  • KuKu Homesis : 1976 ~ 1978
  • NH Life Insurance 1978 ~ 1980

KBS 2FM/Cool FM Era[edit]


  • 대한민국 뉴스, 드라마, 대중음악 라디오 방송국 89.1 메가 사이클 TBC 동양방송 (South Korea's News, Drama, Popular Music Station 89.1 Megacycles TBC Tongyang Broadcasting TBC Era Slogan until 1980)
  • 젊은 채널, 감성 채널 2FM (The Youth channel, The Emotional channel 2FM 2003~2014)
  • 대중음악 89.1 (Popular Music 89.1 1980~1999 2010~2014)
  • Today's Best Music 2FM (2014~Present)


2002 – KBS 2FM advertisement scandal[edit]

KBS 2FM From 1980 until 2002 was prohibited to air commercial advertisements but in 2002 commercial advertisements resumed airing on KBS 2FM. The result KBS Local FM (a radio station owned by KBS used to re-transmit KBS 1FM and KBS 2FM) instead carried KBS 1FM programs even though only one KBS 2FM program Good Morning Pops where aired due to that the said programm is prohibited to air advertisements excluding those of KOBACO (Korea Broadcast Advertising Corporation). However Park Myeong-su's Radio Show is aired (including commercials) on local KBS Happy FM stations in Busan, Changwon, Cheongju, Daejeon and Jeju starting April 2016 (and in June 2019 the program is also aired in the Gangwon-do region) this was due to its popularity and despite Happy FM Does not air any commercials in all of its programs then Jung Eun-ji's Gayo Plaza is aired in all Happy FM stations starting September 2016 for the same reasons and Good Morning Pops which was aired on the Local FM stations moved to Local Happy FM stations in February 2017 with this development the show is no longer aired on Local FM stations.

Foreign partners[edit]

Partner Country
Triple J, SBS Radio Australia
Hitradio Ö3 Austria
Pure FM, Radio MNM Belgium
Radio Nacional AM Brazil
CBC Radio 3, Virgin Radio Canada
CNR 3, CNR 4 China
Radiónica Colombia
ČRo4 Radio Wave Czech Republic
DR P3 Denmark
YleX Finland
Mouv', Virgin Radio, NRJ France
DRadio Wissen, Energy Germany
RTHK Radio 2 Hong Kong
Rás 2 Iceland
AIR FM Rainbow India
RRI Pro 2, Prambors Radio Indonesia
RTÉ 2fm Ireland
Rai Radio 2 Italy
NHK FM Japan
Era FM, Hot FM (Malay), Fly FM, Hitz FM (English), One FM, 988 FM (Chinese) Malaysia
NPO 3FM, Radio 538 Netherlands
NRK P3 Norway
MOR 101.9 Manila, Barangay LS 97.1 and 87.5 FM1 Philippines
Polskie Radio Program IV Poland
RDP Antena 3 Portugal
Russian Radio, NRJ Russia Russia
Y.E.S. 93.3FM, UFM 1003 (Chinese), 987FM, Kiss 92FM (English), Ria 89.7FM, Warna 94.2FM (Malay) Singapore
Rádio_FM Slovakia
Val 202 Slovenia
5FM South Africa
Los 40 Principales Spain
SR P3, NRJ Sweden
Radio SRF Virus, Couleur 3, RSI Rete Tre Switzerland
Hit Fm Taiwan Taiwan
Met 107, Virgin Hitz Thailand
Virgin Radio Turkey Turkey
BBC Radio 1, BBC Radio 1Xtra, BBC Radio 6 Music, Capital FM United Kingdom
WHTZ, KIIS-FM, WKSC-FM United States

See also[edit]


  1. ^ This was a result of the reformat of KBS Radio 2 back again as a pure popular music radio station in 2013.
  2. ^ Hong, Grace Danbi (February 19, 2013). "Yoo In Na Becomes Queen of the Radio with #1 Radio Show". enewsWorld. Retrieved February 23, 2013.
  3. ^ "For Actress Yoo In-na, 'Wobbles' Are Just Part of Finding the Way". The Chosun Ilbo. June 8, 2013. Retrieved June 8, 2013.

External links[edit]