This gene encodes a member of the family of voltage-gated potassium (Kv) channel-interacting proteins (KCNIPs, also frequently called "KChIP"), which belong to the recoverin branch of the EF-hand superfamily. Members of the KCNIP family are small calcium binding proteins. They all have EF-hand-like domains, and differ from each other in the N-terminus. They are integral subunit components of native Kv4 channel complexes. They may regulate A-type currents, and hence neuronal excitability, in response to changes in intracellular calcium. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variant encoding different isoforms.
Bähring R, Dannenberg J, Peters HC, et al. (2001). "Conserved Kv4 N-terminal domain critical for effects of Kv channel-interacting protein 2.2 on channel expression and gating". J. Biol. Chem. 276 (26): 23888–23894. doi:10.1074/jbc.M101320200. PMID11287421.
Nakamura TY, Nandi S, Pountney DJ, et al. (2001). "Different effects of the Ca(2+)-binding protein, KChIP1, on two Kv4 subfamily members, Kv4.1 and Kv4.2". FEBS Lett. 499 (3): 205–209. doi:10.1016/S0014-5793(01)02560-1. PMID11423117.
Shibata R, Misonou H, Campomanes CR, et al. (2003). "A fundamental role for KChIPs in determining the molecular properties and trafficking of Kv4.2 potassium channels". J. Biol. Chem. 278 (38): 36445–36454. doi:10.1074/jbc.M306142200. PMID12829703.
Lin YL, Lin SR, Wu TT, Chang LS (2004). "Evidence showing an intermolecular interaction between KChIP proteins and Taiwan cobra cardiotoxins". Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 319 (3): 720–724. doi:10.1016/j.bbrc.2004.05.064. PMID15184042.