KFAZ (defunct)

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KFAZ
Monroe, Louisiana
Channels Analog: 43 (UHF)
Affiliations ABC (secondary)
Owner J. O. "Red" Willett and Howard E. Griffith
(Delta Television, Inc.)
First air date August 11, 1953
Last air date May 1, 1954
Call letters' meaning K (required) F (for Freda, wife of Howard Griffith) A (for "and") Z (for Zoe, wife of "Red" Willett)
Transmitter power 20 kW visual, 10 kW aural
Height 97.5 m (322')
Transmitter coordinates 32°31′57.7″N 92°6′42.0″W / 32.532694°N 92.111667°W / 32.532694; -92.111667 (KFAZ-TV)

KFAZ-TV, channel 43, was a television station in Monroe, Louisiana.[1] The station was owned by J. O. "Red" Willett, owner of a natural gas pipeline stringing company.[2] and Howard E. Griffith (later owner of AM radio station KUZN in West Monroe). KFAZ-TV was the first TV station in the Monroe area, the third TV station in Louisiana (behind WDSU in New Orleans and WAFB in Baton Rouge), and the first on-the-air between Dallas, TX and Jackson, MS.

History[edit]

After lifting the 1948 TV allocation "freeze" with its Sixth Report and Order (1952), the Federal Communications Commission allocated channels 8 and 43 to Monroe, Louisiana.[3] "Red" Willett and Howard Griffith incorporated Delta Television to file for one of the two available allocations. Since, at the time, it was easier for applicants to be approved for a construction permit for a UHF station than a VHF station, Delta Television accepted the assignment of Channel 43 on December 10, 1952, and commenced construction of a two-studio facility at 2107 Forsythe Avenue in Monroe. The transmitter and tower were located at the studio building, as was common for television stations in the USA in the 1950s. The Channel 8 allocation was pursued by former governor James A. Noe and would become KNOE-TV.

Equipment[edit]

KFAZ went on-the-air August 11, 1953 with a Federal Telecommunication Labs (FTL) FTL-20B 1 kW (visual) transmitter, and a Workshop Associates WA-25-43 14 dB gain antenna. The station's two studios shared two DuMont TA-142 Image Orthicon monochrome camera chains. One of the studio camera chains could also be used to broadcast film projected by either of two General Precision Labs 16mm motion picture projectors, with an FTL Poly-Efex dual flying spot monochrome slide scanner and effects mixer for televising still images (such as advertisement slides or station identification cards), and for producing limited special video effects. The noted equipment compliment allowed for two-camera studio operations, and switching to film without having to use a monoscope test pattern or still slide while moving a studio camera into position for film operations.

Programming[edit]

As was typical of an early UHF TV station, KFAZ bought some programming from film houses, and produced local content in-house, with minimal networked programming. KFAZ produced the "Ouachita Valley Jamboree", a television adaptation of the then-popular Louisiana Hayride radio show genre. One of the hosts was Shreveport guitarist Merle Kilgore, called "The Tall Texan" on-the-air.[4]

KFAZ bought a service called the "Station Starter Plan" from Consolidated Television Sales, with nine programs:[citation needed]

  • Front Page Detective
  • Public Prosecutor
  • Hollywood Half-Hour
  • Jackson and Jill
  • Ringside with the Rasslers
  • Paradise Island
  • Crusader Rabbit
  • TV Closeups
  • Going Places (with Uncle George)

KFAZ also bought four programs from the NBC Film Division:[citation needed]

  • The Visitor (called "The Doctor" when broadcast as an NBC series)
  • Dangerous Assignment
  • The Inner Sanctum
  • Hopalong Cassidy

Demise[edit]

The studio equipment complement was adequate to produce live programming, or to air films of the quality expected at the time. The station's radiated power and antenna height, however, were not enough to produce a decent image in locations more than 10 miles from the transmitter with the TV sets of the mid-1950s. To receive KFAZ, the owner of a typical mid-1950s TV set would have to buy a converter box and UHF TV antenna, an outlay of almost one third the price of an economy-model TV set of the day when including installation costs. Some TV receivers could be ordered with a UHF tuner, but very few were so equipped in North Louisiana in the 1950s. KFAZ estimated 16,500 sets were able to view their programming as of May 1954, indicating a lack of UHF-capable sets and the short range of their signal.

Under the circumstances, the major networks balked at affiliating with KFAZ. For the same reason, the station found it difficult to sell advertising; no advertiser wanted to buy time on a station that so few people watched.

KFAZ's difficulties became acute with KNOE-TV going on-the-air on channel 8 about 5 weeks after KFAZ. KNOE's 229 kW radiated from a 774-foot tower, and could be received within a 35-mile radius of its transmitter, with decent picture quality and without the need for a converter or UHF antenna. KNOE estimated 109,870 TV sets were able to receive its signal. It also carried programming from all four networks of the day--CBS, NBC, ABC and DuMont. KFAZ was forced to make do with those ABC shows not "cleared" by KNOE, making acquisition of marketable shows difficult.

Sinking under the weight of losses of $100,000 ($789,000 in 2009 dollars) in only eight months on the air, KFAZ went dark May 1, 1954. Delta Television applied for a Channel 13 allocation, but were not successful. Monroe would later receive a channel 13 allocation, but it would be reserved for non-commercial/educational use. The Ark-La-Miss would not see a successful UHF station until KLAA (now KARD) signed-on channel 14 on October 6, 1974, 10 years after the Federal government mandated inclusion of UHF reception capability for all television sets sold in the United States.

Facility use post-demise[edit]

The KFAZ facility was later used by the Louisiana Department of Education for KLSE Channel 13. The transmitter and antenna were replaced with equipment suitable for use on Channel 13. After KLSE went dark in 1964, no other television station used the former KFAZ facilities.

References[edit]