State Security Committee of the Republic of Belarus

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State Security Committee (KGB) of the Republic of Belarus
Комитет государственной безопасности (КГБ) Республики Беларусь
KGB Belarus crest.svg
Emblem of the KGB of Belarus
КГБ РБ.JPG
KGB headquarters in Minsk
Special service overview
Formed October 31, 1991
Preceding agencies
Jurisdiction Belarus
Headquarters Minsk, Belarus
Employees Undisclosed
Special service executive
Website kgb.by

The State Security Agency of the Republic of Belarus (Russian: Комитет государственной безопасности Республики Беларусь, КГБ, KGB; Belarusian: Камітэт дзяржаўнай бяспекі, КДБ; translit. Kamitet Dziaržaǔnaj Biaspieki, KDB) is the national intelligence agency of Belarus. Along with its counterparts in Transnistria and South Ossetia,[1] it is one of the few intelligence agencies that kept the Russian name "KGB" after the dissolution of the Soviet Union, albeit it is lost in translation when written in Belarusian (becoming KDB rather than KGB).

It is the Belarusian successor organization to the KGB of the Soviet Union. Felix Edmundovich Dzerzhinsky, who founded the Cheka – the original Bolshevik intelligence police – was born in what is now Belarus and remains an important figure in the state ideology of Belarus under president Alexander Lukashenko as well as a patron of the KGB of Belarus.

It is governed by the law About State Security Bodies of the Republic of Belarus. [2]

Major General Vadim Zaitsev, who was in charge of Lukashenko's personal security, was appointed its leader in July 2008. His tenure lasted until November 2012 and he was replaced by Valery Vakulchik.[3] The KGB is formally controlled by the president of Belarus, Alexander Lukashenko.

Role in political repressions[edit]

According to human rights organisations, the United States, and the European Union, the KGB and its senior leadership play a key role in human rights violations and political repressions in Belarus. The KGB has maintained both the name, the symbols and some of the repressive functions of its Soviet predecessor, the KGB of the Soviet Union.

Several dozens former Chairmen and senior officers of the KGB of Belarus have been included in the sanctions lists of the European Union and the United States, especially following the brutal crackdown of peaceful protests that followed the allegedly falsified presidential elections of 2006 and 2010.[4] Against most of them, the sanctions have been lifted in 2016 following an improvement of the Belarus–European Union relations.

KGB officers sanctioned by the EU or the US[edit]

Chairmen and Deputy Chairmen[edit]

  • Stepan Sukhorenko, Chairman of the KGB in 2005 - 2007, including during the Belarusian presidential election, 2006. On EU sanctions list in 2006 - 2016; remains under sanctions by the United States[5]
  • Vadim Zaitsev, Chairman of the KGB. According to the decision of the European Union, he is “responsible for transforming the KGB into the main organ of repression of civil society and of the democratic opposition” and for state propaganda accusing the protesters of bringing weapons to their rally.” According to the EU, Zaitsev “personally threatened the lives and health of the wife and child of former presidential candidate, Andrei Sannikov. He is the main initiator of orders for unlawful harassment of democratic opposition, the torture of political opponents and the mistreatment of prisoners.”[6]
  • Vasily Dementei, First Deputy Chairman of the KGB; included in the EU sanctions list after crackdown of protests that followed the controversial presidential election of 2006
  • Bakhmatov, Igor Andreevich, former Deputy Chairman of the KGB in charge of the staff and the organisation of their tasks, responsible for the repressive work of the KGB against civil society and democratic opposition[6]
  • Dementey, Vasili Ivanovich, former First deputy Chairman of the KGB (2005-2007); responsible for repressions against civil society and the democratic opposition, in particular after the presidential election of 2006 and in 2007
  • Vegera, Viktor Pavlovich, First Deputy Chairman of the KGB
  • Dedkov, Leonid Nikolaevich, Deputy Chairman of the KGB
  • Smolenski, Nikolai Zinovievich, former Deputy Chairman of the KGB
  • Svorob, Nikolai Konstantinovich, former Deputy Chairman of the KGB
  • Tretiak, Petr Vladimirovich, former Deputy Chairman of the KGB and Member of the Commission of the Security Council on radio frequencies
  • Tertel, Ivan Stanislavovich, Deputy Chairman of the KGB, in charge of economic crime and the fight against corruption

Torture[6][edit]

Sector (Board) commanders[edit]

  • Yaruta, Viktor Gueorguevich, Head of the KGB Board on State Communications
  • Maslakov, Valeri Anatolievich, Head of the KGB Board of Intelligence
  • Shugaev, Sergei Mikhailovich, Head of the KGB Counter-Intelligence Division and former Deputy Head of the KGB Counter-Intelligence Board
  • Sanko, Ivan Ivanovich, Major, senior investigator of the KGB
  • Tolstashov, Aleksandr Olegovich, Head of the KGB Board on Protection of the Constitutional Order and Fight Against Terrorism
  • Voropaev, Igor Grigorievich, former Head of the KGB Board on State Communications
  • Volkov, Sergei Mikhailovich, former Head of the KGB Board of Intelligence
  • Zakharov, Alexey Ivanovich, former Head of Military Counter-intelligence Board of the KGB

Regional commanders[edit]

In 2011, commanders of the KGB in the regions of Belarus were accused by the EU of being responsible for political repressions in their regions:[6]

  • Busko, Igor Yevgenyevich, Head of the KGB of the Brest Region;
  • Gerasimenko, Gennadi Anatolievich, former Head of the KGB of the Vitebsk Region
  • Kalach, Vladimir Viktorovich, Head of the KGB of the Minsk Region and the city of Minsk, former Deputy Head of the KGB for Minsk
  • Korzh, Ivan Alekseevich, Head of the KGB of the Hrodna Region
  • Kuznetsov, Igor Nikonovich, former Head of the KGB in the Minsk Region and in Minsk city
  • Leskovski, Ivan Anatolievich, Head of the KGB for Homel and former Deputy Head of the KGB for Homel
  • Sergeenko, Igor Petrovich, Head of the KGB of the City District of Mahiliou

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 53°53′56″N 27°33′16″E / 53.89889°N 27.55444°E / 53.89889; 27.55444