KGO (AM)

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KGO
KGO (AM) Logo 2016.png
City San Francisco, California
Broadcast area San Francisco Bay Area
Branding KGO 810
Slogan We're talking about the news you're talking about.
Frequency 810 kHz
First air date 1924
Format Talk radio
Power 50,000 watts
Class A (Clear channel)
Facility ID 34471
Transmitter coordinates 37°31′35″N 122°06′2″W / 37.52639°N 122.10056°W / 37.52639; -122.10056Coordinates: 37°31′35″N 122°06′2″W / 37.52639°N 122.10056°W / 37.52639; -122.10056
Callsign meaning K General Electric Oakland (KGO radio's former owner)
Affiliations
Owner Cumulus Media
(Radio License Holdings LLC)
Sister stations KFOG, KNBR, KSAN, KSFO, KTCT
Webcast Listen Live
Website KGO Radio

KGO (810 kHz) is a commercial AM radio station licensed to San Francisco, California. It is one of two Talk radio stations in the San Francisco Bay Area owned by Cumulus Media. The other is 560 KSFO. While KSFO airs mostly nationally syndicated talk hosts, KGO runs mostly local hosts on weekdays. KGO operates at 50,000 watts, the highest power permitted AM radio stations by the Federal Communications Commission. But it uses a directional antenna to protect the other Class A station on 810 kHz, WGY in Schenectady, New York.

Most nights, using a good radio, KGO can be heard throughout the Western United States east to the Rocky Mountains, and in Northern Mexico, Western Canada, and Alaska. KGO operated as the West Coast flagship radio station of the American Broadcasting Company (ABC) until the radio group was purchased by Citadel Broadcasting in 2007. The station became part of Cumulus Media, following its 2011 merger with Citadel.[1]

KGO has its studios in the SoMa portion of San Francisco's Financial District. Before Cumulus took over the station, it was based in the same building as its former television partner KGO-TV Channel 7 at the ABC Broadcast Center. Its transmitter site is based in Newark near the Dumbarton Bridge. Two of KGO's three towers partially collapsed during the Loma Prieta earthquake on October 17, 1989. All three were replaced.

History[edit]

After several late-night test broadcasts, using the experimental call letter 6XG, radio station KGO signed on the air on January 8, 1924, from General Electric's Oakland, electrical facility (the original two-story brick building, constructed specifically for the station on East 14th Street, still exists on the site), as part of a planned three-station network comprising WGY in Schenectady, New York, and KOA in Denver, Colorado. KGO was first known as the "Sunset Station"; at that time it operated with a then-impressive 1000 watts.[2] As was the custom with early radio stations, the programming consisted of performances by local talent, including the KGO Orchestra which provided some of the music; and a dramatic group known as the KGO Players, which performed weekly plays and short skits, often under the direction of Bay-area drama instructor Wilda Wilson Church. The station's music, which was also performed by other local orchestras and vocalists, would include classical selections as well as popular dance music the next night. Due to GE's involvement in RCA and RCA's launch of the NBC radio network, KGO was soon operated by NBC management as part of the NBC network. See the KNBR entry for a fuller discussion of NBC's San Francisco radio operations.

By the 1928 Band Plan, 790 kHz was allocated to Oakland, California, and to KGO, which was then owned by General Electric, on an internationally cleared basis. In order to obtain a clear channel in Schenectady, New York, for what would become the present-day WGY, GE effected a breakdown of 790 kHz, whereby WGY (q.v.) would assume the maximum permissible power, and KGO would be lowered in power to 7.5 kW, which was then lower than the minimum permissible power for a clear channel station (10 kW), but higher than the then maximum permissible power for a regional channel station (5 kW). Both stations retained omnidirectional antennas. Therefore, GE effectively removed from the West one of its eight clear channels and added an additional clear channel to the East thereby giving the East nine clear channels and the West only seven. The other "regions" in the Band Plan all retained their allotted eight clear channels. In 1941, stations on 790 kHz were moved to 810 kHz. On December 1, 1947, KGO was directionalized, and power was increased to 50 kW, the new minimum (and maximum) power for a U.S. clear channel. An article in Broadcasting magazine noted that the increase "retired the nation's oldest regularly operating transmitter -- a 7,500-watter ... in use since Jan. 8, 1924."[3]

1940s–1950s[edit]

When the Federal Communications Commission forced NBC to sell one of its two networks (and that network's owned-and-operated stations), KGO's license switched from Radio Corporation of America to the Blue Network, Inc., effective January 23, 1942.[4] The NBC Blue Network simply dropped "NBC" from its name to become the "Blue Network," then in June 1945 re-branded itself the American Broadcasting Company. KGO would become a founding station of the nascent ABC Radio Network as a result.

In the postwar period, KGO produced many live music programs, including that of Western Swing bandleader Bob Wills, whose music was a staple of the time period. KGO was instrumental in bringing the first exercise show to broadcasting, hosted by Jack LaLanne, a fitness instructor and gym operator in nearby Oakland. LaLanne conducted his radio fitness show for many years on KGO, moving in the late 1950s to KGO-TV and a successful TV syndication career.

By the late 1950s, KGO had suffered poor ratings. In 1962, ABC management brought in new management including program director Jim Dunbar, who revamped the station into one of the country's first news/talk stations. While the new format was initially unsuccessful, Dunbar stressed the "live and local" aspect of the programming by running the talk shows every day from locations such as Johnny Kan's Chinese restaurant, Señor Pico's Restaurant, and the legendary hungry i nightclub. This higher profile caused KGO's ratings to begin a steady climb. Among KGO's personalities during this period was future Radio Hall of Fame member J.P. McCarthy, the station's morning host in the early 1960s.

1960s–1980s[edit]

After trying various formats, KGO eventually shifted to news and talk programming, relying heavily on the ABC radio network for its news programs. KGO started carrying Paul Harvey's twice-daily programs but also began to develop a strong local news staff that produced extended morning and afternoon newscasts. The local talk show hosts included Les Crane, Owen Spann and Jim Eason, who often interviewed visiting celebrities in the KGO studios. Owen Spann also originated special broadcasts from Europe and Africa, interviewing government officials from those countries. Local director-actor Jack Brooks hosted a Saturday-morning entertainment program until his sudden death in June 1984, after directing a production of Kismet for the Capuchino Community Theatre that featured Jim Eason as the poet Omar Khayyám. Dr. Dean Edell began his regular medical programs at KGO,[citation needed] leading to nationally syndicated broadcasts.

Ratings and signal strength[edit]

KGO logo from 2000 to 2011.

For more than 27 years (as rated quarterly by Arbitron), KGO was the number-one station in the Bay Area. According to the 2010 Arbitron ratings, however, KGO had lost its lead to KCBS, with KOIT-FM as a close second, and KGO listing at third.[citation needed] When KGO switched to all-news in December 2011, it fell further behind in the local ratings. As of Spring 2013, KGO placed 16th in the market, with approximately half of their listenership when they were number one.[5]

The KGO signal also registers with Arbitron as a station listened to in surrounding metropolitan areas. Due to the nature of its signal and antenna placement, KGO broadcasts on a north-to-south axis, keeping itself from interfering with WGY (Schenectady, NY) during the night-time and overnight hours when the station broadcasts at 50,000 watts. KGO's signal is received essentially free of static at night in locations such as Vancouver, Washington, Seattle, Washington, and San Diego, but is difficult to receive in Reno, Nevada, and other points east of the Sierra Nevada mountains due to its signal directionality. That said, its overall reach is greater than any FM signal in the Bay Area (according to radio-locator.com map referenced below).

1990s-2010s[edit]

KGO Helicopter.

Until December 5, 2011, KGO created nearly all of its own local programming, with very limited syndicated content. The majority of its programs were hosted by San Francisco Bay Area broadcasters[citation needed]. The daily schedule included many issues-oriented talk shows, with weekday hosts that included Gene Burns, Gil Gross, Ronn Owens, John Rothmann, and lawyer Len Tillem. The station also carried a variety of specialty programs, particularly on weekends, with John Hamilton discussing travel and leisure, Gene Burns covering fine food and dining (on a show separate from his weekday program), Joanie Greggains hosting a health-and-fitness program, and Brent Walters, who teaches "Comparative Religions" at San Jose State University, hosting the early Sunday morning show, God Talk. In 2014, KGO brought in John Batchelor at midnight. News/talk weekend hosts now include Brian Copeland, "Karel" Charles Karel Bouley, and Pat Thurston.

The weekday morning news (from 5 a.m. to 9 a.m.) is currently co-anchored by Jon Bristow and Jennifer Jones-Lee.[6] The afternoon news (from 2 p.m. to 7 p.m.) currently features veteran reporter Chris Brecher and award-winning reporter/anchor Bret Burkhart.[7]

On December 2, 2011, new owner Cumulus Media announced that KGO was rebranding itself as "news and information," moving to an all-news format from 2 p.m. to 7 p.m. (in addition to the existing morning-drive, noon-hour, and afternoon-drive news blocks) on December 5.[8][9] This had resulted in the abrupt termination, on December 1, of most of the talk hosts (including Gene Burns, Gil Gross, John Rothmann, Ray Taliaferro, Len Tillem, and Dr. Bill Wattenburg). Ronn Owens's morning show, as well as weekend talk programming remained, although some of the weekend hosts (including Joanie Greggains, and Len Tillem) were also terminated on December 1, 2011. Bob Brinker's syndicated "Moneytalk" has been moved to KSFO, a politically conservative talk radio sister station which arguably better reflects Brinker's conservative politico-economic views ("Moneytalk" is a brand which is owned by ABC and its successor, not by Brinker; Brinker's own brand is "Marketimer", although Brinker has not and does not espouse market timing, as commonly understood, per se in any of his broadcasts or newsletters). Leo Laporte's weekend syndicated tech talk program was also a casualty of the format change and is no longer being broadcast on KGO.[10] Gil Gross, Len Tillem, and Leo Laporte are being broadcast by KKSF 910 AM.

The format change and termination of many popular talk show hosts sparked outrage among long-time listeners, many of whom called for sponsors to drop their advertising on the station.[11] Ratings declined substantially following the change, with competitors KCBS and KQED-FM continuing to lead the market, and in December 2014, KGO reintroduced talk programming on weekdays.[12] In December 2014, KGO added Chip Franklin to the noon to 3 pm lineup.[13] In January 2015, KGO announced they had hired Chicago/San Antonio radio personality Kevin "DreX" Buchar, best known for his successful morning show on Chicago's WKSC-FM, which ran for more than a decade, from 7PM to 10PM.[14] John Batchelor's syndicated show air overnights, returning KGO to the same level of news programming as before 2011.[15]

KGO's ident under an all-news format.

Both KGO and Dallas-based sister station KLIF 570 AM shared similar visual News/Information identities after KLIF's parent Cumulus acquired Citadel until 2014, when Talk programming was reintroduced.

On March 31, 2016, at Noon, KGO dropped its previous programming and began stunting with recordings of speeches from influential figures and people talking about San Francisco, as well as songs about the city, while promoting "The Next Generation of KGO" to launch on April 5 (though with a break during the weekend for paid programming). At least 20 people, including the entire news staff, as well as some staffers from sister station KFOG, were laid off with the change.[16][17][18] Originally, long-time KGO host Ronn Owens announced that he would be moving to sister station KSFO in the afternoon slot beginning April 4. However, due to apparent listener outcry (the real reason was later revealed to be a clause in Owens' contract which prevented any potential move from KGO), Owens will stay with the station. KGO will also keep its News/Talk format, but will launch with a new live and local lineup, which includes Owens and Armstrong & Getty in mornings.[19]

Sports[edit]

KGO was the radio broadcast home for the San Francisco 49ers football team from 1987 to 2005. It has broadcast the college football games of the University of California, Berkeley, Golden Bears since 1974. Since 2013, it also broadcasts men's basketball games that start after 7 pm or are on weekends. Games that start before 7 pm on weekdays air on KSFO.[12]

San Francisco 49ers on KGO–AM 810

Season Flagship station Play-by-play Color commentator Sideline reporter Studio host
1988 KGO–AM 810 Lon Simmons (Pre Season, Regular Season Weeks 1–5 and 8–16, Playoffs and Super Bowl XXIII)
Joe Starkey (Regular Season Weeks 6–7)
Wayne Walker (Pre Season Weeks 1–2, Regular Season, Playoffs and Super Bowl XXIII)
Joe Starkey (Pre Season Weeks 3–5)
Joe Starkey (Pre Season Weeks 1–2, Regular Season Weeks 1–5 and 8–16, Playoffs and Super Bowl XXIII) Joe Starkey

Annual Cure-a-Thon[edit]

Until the sudden format change in December 2011, KGO hosted an annual fundraiser called the KGO Cure-a-Thon to help raise money for The Leukemia & Lymphoma Society with all of the station's regular programming pre-empted for an entire day during the event. Listeners were encouraged to call in and donate money to help in the fight against these kinds of cancer. An auction was also held to help raise money. Notable items up for auction have included a trip with Gene Burns on a private jet to various destinations, such as Las Vegas and Italy, for a gourmet dinner. Cumulus Media has announced that it will not be continuing the KGO Cure-a-Thon charity event despite the fact it has raised millions of dollars for charity in the past.

Solar power[edit]

In March 2008, solar panels were installed at KGO's transmitter site in Newark, California, to offset some of the power consumption during daytime hours.[20] The effort is a testbed for Pacific Gas and Electric Company and is located near the Dumbarton Bridge.[21] The solar system uses both CPV (SolFocus) and PV (Premier Power) arrays and provides about 17 Kilowatts, or 33% (one third), of the radio frequency (RF) power output from the 50KW transmitter (or about 1/10th of the total power consumption of their transmitter site over a 24-hour period). United States Speaker of the House Rep. Nancy Pelosi turned the system on during an on-air ceremony.[22]

Personalities[edit]

Note: For decades, KGO was a News/Talk station which featured notable personalities. The station's previous format was primarily news oriented, however the personalities section was retained here due to KGO's prior dominance in San Francisco radio. To meet Wikipedia standards, this list should only include Wikipedia-notable entries.

Current personalities[edit]

Former personalities[edit]

Former weekend personalities[edit]

  • Gene Burns — Dining Around, with Gene Burns (program terminated by owner, Cumulus Media 12/1/2011)
  • Michael Finney — Consumer Talk '[23] (program terminated by owner, Cumulus Media 3/31/2016)
  • Joanie Greggains — Health Talk (program terminated by owner, Cumulus Media 12/1/2011)
  • John Hamilton  — John Hamilton On-The-Go[23] (program terminated by owner, Cumulus Media 3/31/2016)
  • Maureen Langann — Entertainment/News Talk, Hangin' with Langan[23][24] (program terminated by owner, Cumulus Media 3/31/2016)
  • David Lazarus  — News Talk (left in 2007).[28]
  • Pat Thurston — Progressive News Talk[23] (program terminated by owner, Cumulus Media 3/31/2016)
  • Brent Walters — God Talk[24]'[23] (program terminated by owner, Cumulus Media 3/31/2016)
  • Bill Wattenburg — Open Line to the West Coast (program terminated 12/1/2011)

Former notable and guest hosts[edit]

Former syndicated hosts[edit]

Newscasters/reporters[edit]

  • Jon Bristow - morning anchor
  • Bret Burkhart - anchor/reporter
  • Nikki Medoro - anchor
  • Mark Curtis (broadcaster)- political and presidential campaign analyst
  • Michael Finney[7]
  • Peter Finch - Anchor/Reporter
  • Lynn Jimenez - business reporter (on extended leave)
  • Kristin Haynes - reporter
  • Beth Houston - Reporter
  • Jennifer Jones-Lee - morning anchor
  • Katy Leaver - reporter
  • Scott Leteri -reporter
  • Kevin "DreX" Buchar - evening reporter
  • Kim McCallister - morning reporter/fill in anchor [31]
  • Mark Nieto - morning traffic anchor
  • Kevin "The Rat" Radich (sports)[7]
  • Dennis Willis
  • Rich Walcoff - sports reporter

Former newscasters/reporters[edit]

  • James Abbe - newscaster and host of James Abbe Observes (1946–47)[32]
  • Robert J. Ackerly - newscaster (1938–39)[32]
  • Rosie Allen - former afternoon anchor
  • Ed Baxter - former morning and afternoon anchor
  • Ken Beck - former reporter and news director
  • Jan Black - former news anchor
  • Stan Burford - former traffic anchor, reporter
  • Jim Dunbar - former morning anchor
  • Lin Durling - former airborne traffic reporter
  • Greg Edmonds - East Bay Bureau Chief, reporter
  • Mary Ellen Geist - former reporter, anchor
  • Ken Hunt - former reporter, anchor
  • Lou Hurley - former airborne traffic reporter
  • Dick Leonard - news director/reporter
  • Michaelyn Meyers - former airborne traffic reporter
  • Melanie Morgan - former anchor/reporter
  • R.J. Peruman - former reporter
  • Bob Trebor - reporter
  • Lloyd Lindsay Young - weather, terminated 12/1/2011
  • Joe Vincent - former traffic anchor
  • Jon Wailin: Super Commuter[7]
  • Gretchen Wells - former reporter
  • Ted Wygant - former morning anchor
  • Bob Thorne - former traffic reporter

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Cumulus now owns Citadel Broadcasting". Atlanta Business Journal. September 16, 2011. Retrieved September 16, 2011. 
  2. ^ "Open Station KGO at Oakland." Decatur IL Review, February 9, 1924, p. 23; also, "New KGO Will Open Tomorrow." Oakland Tribune, January 8, 1924, p. 15.
  3. ^ "KGO Increases Power to 50 kw Today With Governor Warren Giving Signal" (PDF). Broadcasting. December 1, 1947. Retrieved 25 October 2014. 
  4. ^ "FCC Okays Transfer of WJZ, KGO, WENR". Billboard. January 31, 1942. Retrieved 30 October 2014. 
  5. ^ http://www.sfgate.com/business/bottomline/article/KGO-Radio-reshuffles-as-ratings-decline-4356439.php
  6. ^ http://www.kgoam810.com/showdj.asp?DJID=3616
  7. ^ a b c d http://www.kgoam810.com/showdj.asp?DJID=3617
  8. ^ http://www.kgoam810.com/Article.asp?id=2346801
  9. ^ https://radioinsight.com/blog/headlines/54596/major-shakeup-at-kgo-san-francisco/
  10. ^ "KGO radio going to news format — veterans leaving". San Francisco Chronicle. December 2, 2011. Retrieved December 2, 2011. 
  11. ^ "KGO Radio Format Change Sparks Outrage Among Loyal Listeners". Huffington Post. December 5, 2011. Retrieved December 5, 2011. 
  12. ^ a b http://www.calbears.com/ViewArticle.dbml?ATCLID=208732464
  13. ^ http://mediaconfidential.blogspot.com/2014/11/sf-radio-talk-host-chip-franklin.html
  14. ^ "KGO/SF Goes Talk 7-10 PM". Radio Ink. 
  15. ^ http://www.sfchronicle.com/entertainment/radiowaves/article/After-going-mostly-news-KGO-is-talking-again-6078090.php#/0
  16. ^ KGO San Francisco Stunting; Ronn Owens To KSFO - RadioInsight (published March 31, 2016)
  17. ^ http://www.sfexaminer.com/end-era-kgo-radio-lays-off-news-staff/
  18. ^ KGO 810 News, Talk & Traffic uploaded a photo (published March 31, 2016)
  19. ^ KGO 810 announces next generation live and local line-up - KGO 810 official site (accessed April 4, 2016)
  20. ^ "Radio station goes solar". March 7, 2008. Retrieved December 27, 2008. 
  21. ^ Vernon, Tom (December 17, 2008). "KGO Flips Solar Switch". Radio World. p. 1. Retrieved December 27, 2008. 
  22. ^ "KGO flips the Solar Switch". December 18, 2008. Retrieved December 27, 2009. 
  23. ^ a b c d e f http://www.kgoam810.com/programschedule.asp
  24. ^ a b c d e http://www.kgoam810.com/Article.asp?id=2165451
  25. ^ "Talk Radio/Media Industry News". Talkers. Retrieved 25 March 2014. 
  26. ^ Gene Burns
  27. ^ Gustafson, Craig (Spring 2009). "Pat Novak ... for Hire". Nostalgia Digest. 35 (2): 4–9. 
  28. ^ http://sfppc.blogspot.com/2007/07/david-lazarus-will-also-quit-kgo-am-gig
  29. ^ http://www.broadcastlegends.com/coughlan.html
  30. ^ Taylor, Michael (December 26, 1995). "A Master of All Worlds But His Own / Duane Garrett -- popular radio talk show host, political power broker, sports memorabilia aficionado -- seemed to have everything going for him. That's why so many friends were shocked when he took his own life instead of asking for help they gladly would have given". The San Francisco Chronicle. 
  31. ^ http://www.kgoam810.com/Article.asp?id=2250892&spid=40546
  32. ^ a b Sies, Luther F. (2014). Encyclopedia of American Radio, 1920-1960, 2nd Edition, Volume 1. McFarland & Company, Inc. ISBN 978-0-7864-5149-4.

External links[edit]