KGW

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KGW
KGW Logo 2014.svg
Portland, Oregon
United States
Branding KGW (general; visually displayed as "KGW 8")
KGW News (newscasts)
Slogan This is Home
Channels Digital: 8 (VHF)
Virtual: 8 (PSIP)
Subchannels 8.1 NBC HD
8.2 Justice Network
8.3 Estrella TV
Translators see list below
Affiliations NBC (1959-present)
Owner Sander Media, LLC
(operated through SSA by Tegna, Inc.; full acquisition pending)
(Sander Operating Co. III, LLC D/B/A KGW Television)
First air date December 15, 1956
Call letters' meaning Keep
Growing
Wiser[1]
Sister station(s) KGWZ-LD
Former callsigns KGW-TV (1956–1994)
Former channel number(s) Analog:
8 (VHF, 1956–2009)
Digital:
46 (UHF, 2000–2009)
Former affiliations Primary:
ABC (1956–1959)
DT2:
NBC Weather Plus (2004–2008)
KGW Weather Channel (2008–2009)
Local news and weather (2010–2012)
Live Well Network (2012-2015)
Transmitter power 45 kW
Height 524 m
Facility ID 34874
Transmitter coordinates 45°31′20.5″N 122°44′50.1″W / 45.522361°N 122.747250°W / 45.522361; -122.747250
Website www.kgw.com

KGW, VHF digital channel 8, is an NBC-affiliated television station located in Portland, Oregon, United States. Owned by Sander Media, LLC, KGW is operated by Tegna, Inc. through a shared services agreement. KGW maintains studios on Jefferson Street in southwestern Portland, and its transmitter is located in the city's Sylvan-Highlands section. KGW also serves as the Portland bureau for co-owned regional news channel Northwest Cable News and produces news segments for the channel.

History[edit]

The station was an extension of radio station KGW (620 AM, now KPOJ). The Oregonian newspaper created KGW-AM by purchasing an existing transmitter from the Shipowners Radio Service. The U.S. Department of Commerce licensed the station, and it began broadcasting on March 25, 1922[2] (after a test transmission two days earlier).[3] The station's studios and transmitter were located in The Oregonian Building[4][5] (of 1892) until 1943, when a fire destroyed them[6] and the station moved to other quarters.[5] The Oregonian applied for and received a Federal Communications Commission (FCC) construction permit for a television station in 1947, but later returned it in order to focus on its core newspaper business. It later bought KOIN-AM and used it to start KOIN-TV (channel 6).[citation needed]

The Oregonian sold KGW-AM-FM to North Pacific Television, a consortium of Seattle businesswoman Dorothy Bullitt and five Portland businessmen, on November 1, 1953. Bullitt's King Broadcasting Company, who also owned KING-AM-FM-TV in Seattle, was the largest shareholder in the venture, with a 40 percent stake. Bullitt eventually bought out her partners, and KGW-TV signed on the air on December 15, 1956 on channel 8 as an ABC affiliate. On April 26, 1959, it swapped affiliations with KPTV (channel 12), becoming an NBC affiliate (KGW's sister station, KING-TV in Seattle, also switched from ABC to NBC at the same time).

The KGW-TV tower was a prominent victim of the Northwest's historic, and violent Columbus Day Storm on October 12, 1962.[citation needed] The station returned to the air on October 16 using a temporary tower, as well as an antenna on loan from KTNT-TV (now KSTW) of Tacoma, Washington. A new antenna and tower were placed into service on January 28, 1963. In 1964, KGW became the first television station in Portland to broadcast in color.[citation needed]

KGW's main studios

In January 1964, KGW began building a new broadcast center at 1501 SW Jefferson Street,[7] which has served as its headquarters and main studios location ever since. The station moved into the new facility, from an old building located two blocks to the east, in 1965, the radio facilities in the spring[8] and the television facilities in July 1965.[9] Located at the west edge of downtown Portland, the two-story building had approximately 54,000 sq ft (5,000 m2) of space.[9]

In 1992, King Broadcasting (which also included KING-TV in Seattle, KREM-TV in Spokane, Washington, KTVB in Boise, Idaho and KHNL in Honolulu, Hawaii) merged with The Providence Journal Company. Only five years later, in 1997, KGW became part of the Belo Corporation when it bought The Providence Journal Company.

KGW's logo used from September 1999-January 21, 2008.
KGW's logo used from January 22, 2008 to July 21, 2014.

KGW aired a Portland Trail Blazers game in high-definition on October 24, 2007. On October 12, 2011, KGW announced that unless a new contract agreement could be reached that it would drop the station from DirecTV's channel lineup.[10] This contract dispute that involved DirecTV and Belo would also remove sister station KING-TV from DirecTV in the Seattle market.[11] On November 1, 2011, DirecTV reached an agreement with Belo[10] to continue carrying KGW and KING on DirecTV.[11]

On June 13, 2013, the Gannett Company announced that it would acquire Belo. However, since Gannett owns the Statesman Journal newspaper in Salem – within KGW's viewing area – KGW was instead sold to Sander Media, LLC (owned by former Belo executive, Jack Sander), with Gannett operating KGW through joint sales and shared services agreements in order to comply with the FCC's cross-ownership restrictions.[12][13] The sale was completed on December 23.[14]

On June 29, 2015, Gannett's publishing operations were spun off, with the remainder renamed Tegna, Inc.[15] Shortly afterward, Sander Media filed with the FCC to transfer KMSB's license to Tegna.[16]

Digital television[edit]

Digital channels[edit]

The station's digital channel is multiplexed:

Channel Video Aspect PSIP Short Name Programming[17] Cable Channels
8.1 720p 16:9 KGW-HD Main KGW-TV programming / NBC Comcast 708
Frontier 508
8.2 480i KGWJC Justice Network Comcast 308
Frontier 461
8.3 4:3 KGWEST Estrella TV Comcast 307
Frontier 460

KGW provided a 24-hour weather forecast service on digital subchannel 8.2 through the digital television transition, until the September 14, 2009 launch of Estrella TV.[citation needed] On August 2, 2010, KGW restored the 24-hour news and weather channel on 8.2 and moved Estrella TV programming to digital subchannel 8.3. On December 3, 2012 KGW placed Live Well Network on KGW 8.2 channel.

Analog-to-digital conversion[edit]

On July 18, 2008 at 6:14 p.m., KGW conducted a test for viewers to determine whether their television sets were ready for the digital transition by turning off its analog signal for 10 seconds, which the station conducted other times through the spring of 2009. In early 2009, KGW, along with other stations that had already added digital television technology, began broadcasting on its digital channel and those without cable or satellite service could purchase "DTA" (Digital to Analog) converter boxes. The U.S. government distributed credit-card "coupons" to get as much as a $50 discount on the boxes, with a limit of two coupons per household. The boxes would accept the digital signal and convert it back to analog so that older televisions could pick up the signal. It is estimated that 20% of television watching households in the Portland area use the over-the-air signal for TV services, making the coupon program very popular in Portland.[citation needed]

KGW shut down its analog signal, over VHF channel 8, at 3:04 a.m. on June 12, 2009, the official date in which full-power television stations in the United States transitioned from analog to digital broadcasts under federal mandate. The station's digital signal relocated from its pre-transition UHF channel 46 to VHF channel 8.[18][19] At 3:43 a.m., KGW completed its digital conversion when it shut down its temporary digital transmitter (on UHF channel 46) and switched digital operations to channel 8. At that point, only DTA boxes plugged into older television sets could allow analog televisions to pick up the signal.[citation needed]

Programming[edit]

Syndicated programming on this station includes The Ellen DeGeneres Show, Private Practice, Inside Edition and Katie. Along with NBC network programming, the station also airs some local programs, including select Portland Trail Blazers game telecasts, even as NBC itself no longer televises NBA games. The station preempts the Saturday edition of Today in favor of its extended weekend morning newscasts.

Former local programming[edit]

Original local programming in the 80s included the award-winning quiz show On the Spot (airing daily from 1984-88) and the lottery-based game show The Money Game (airing Saturday nights after the six o'clock news from 1988-90).

News operation[edit]

Exterior of KGW's 2009-opened studio at Pioneer Courthouse Square.

KGW presently broadcasts 38 hours of locally produced newscasts each week (with six hours on weekdays, and four hours each on Saturdays and Sundays). In addition, the station produces a nightly half-hour primetime newscast at 10 p.m. for CW affiliate KRCW as the Tribune Broadcasting-owned station does not operate a news department of its own.[citation needed]

KGW-TV's original evening news team remained intact for more than seven years – a rarity in the broadcast industry. Anchors Richard Ross and Ivan Smith, commentator Tom McCall, sportscaster Doug LaMear and meteorologist Jack Capell were the faces of KGW's "News Beat" from sign-on in December 1956 until early 1964, when McCall left the air to run for Oregon Secretary of State. McCall won election that fall, and was elected Governor of Oregon two years later. Ross anchored KGW's nightly news "Northwest Tonight" until 1975, and LaMear and Capell remained on Channel 8 for at least another two decades after Ross' departure for rival KATU (channel 2).[citation needed]

On January 21, 2008, KGW became the first television station in the Portland market to begin broadcasting its local newscasts in high definition.[citation needed] Along with a newly renovated studio, the station shortened its brand from "KGW Northwest NewsChannel 8" to "KGW NewsChannel 8", updated its logo/graphics, and debuted Version 3 of 615 Music's "The Tower" music package. In November 2008, KGW retrofitted its news helicopter with an HD camera.[20]

In 2008–2009, the station developed a high-definition news studio in downtown Portland at Pioneer Courthouse Square, in a space previously occupied by Powell's Books. Regular broadcasts from the location that KGW named the "Studio on the Square" began on March 17, 2009,[21] with the 4:30 a.m. newscast. KGW's weekday morning, noon, 4 and 7 p.m. newscasts originate from the downtown location.[22]

Notable current on-air staff[edit]

Notable former on-air staff[edit]

Translators[edit]

KGW's signal is rebroadcast on the following translator stations:

All translator stations ending in "-D" broadcast in digital, and KGW's services appear on channel 8 (8.1, 8.2, etc.) through use of PSIP.

References[edit]

Specific references:

  1. ^ Nelson, Bob (June 2, 2009). "Call Letter Origins" 238. The Broadcast Archive. Retrieved June 21, 2009. 
  2. ^ "KGW To Celebrate Tenth Anniversary". (March 20, 1932). The Sunday Oregonian, p. 1.
  3. ^ "The Oregonian Test of Radio Makes Hit". (March 24, 1922). The Morning Oregonian, p. 5.
  4. ^ "Radio Is Installed By The Oregonian". (March 19, 1922). The Sunday Oregonian, p. 1.
  5. ^ a b "KGW [history of]". PdxHistory.com. Retrieved 2014-05-25. 
  6. ^ "Blaze Hits Oregonian Top Floors". (September 24, 1943). The Oregonian, p. 1.
  7. ^ "KGW Begins Building New 'Broadcast House'". (January 12, 1964). The Oregonian, Section 3, p. 9.
  8. ^ Murphy, Francis (May 10, 1965). "Behind The Mike" (regular media column). The Oregonian, Section 2, p. 7.
  9. ^ a b "KGW Unveils New Studios". (July 11, 1965). The Sunday Oregonian, "TV Key" section, p. 14.
  10. ^ a b "A Message from our President and General Manager DJ Wilson". kgw.com. Retrieved 2011-11-17. 
  11. ^ a b "A Message from our President and General Manager Ray Heacox". King5.com. Retrieved 2011-11-17. 
  12. ^ "Gannett, owner of the Statesman Journal, purchases KGW parent Belo for $1.5 billion". The Oregonian. Associated Press. June 13, 2013. Retrieved June 13, 2013. 
  13. ^ Brown, Lisa (June 13, 2013). "Gannett to buy TV station owner Belo for $1.5 billion". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. Retrieved June 13, 2013. 
  14. ^ Gannett Completes Its Acquisition of Belo, TVNewsCheck, Retrieved 23 December, 2013
  15. ^ "Separation of Gannett into two public companies completed | TEGNA". Tagna. Retrieved 2015-06-29. 
  16. ^ "APPLICATION FOR CONSENT TO TRANSFER CONTROL OF ENTITY HOLDING BROADCAST STATION CONSTRUCTION PERMIT OR LICENSE". Tegna. Retrieved 1 July 2015. 
  17. ^ RabbitEars TV Query for KGW
  18. ^ "DTV Tentative Channel Designations for the First and Second Rounds" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-03-24. 
  19. ^ "CDBS Print". FCC. Retrieved 2011-11-17. 
  20. ^ "Resolution Revolution: Local news to go HD on KGW". kgw.com. [dead link]
  21. ^ "Studio on the Square: Tuesday's live show thread". KGW. March 17, 2009. Archived from the original on March 20, 2009. Retrieved April 24, 2012. 
  22. ^ "KGW to build studio at Pioneer Courthouse Sq.". kgw.com. [dead link]

General references:

External links[edit]