KOI-8

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KOI-8
Language(s)Russian (basic support)
StandardGOST 19768-74
ClassificationExtended ISO 646, KOI
ExtensionsKOI8-B (KOI8-R, KOI8-U, KOI8-RU, KOI8-T, ISO-IR-111, KOI8-F)
Transforms / EncodesISO 646:IRV (lower)
KOI-7 N1 (upper)
Preceded byKOI-7
Succeeded byST SEV 358-88 (ISO-IR-153)

KOI-8 (КОИ-8) is an 8-bit character set standardized in GOST 19768-74.[1][2] It is an extension of KOI-7 which allows the use of the Latin alphabet along with the Russian alphabet, both the upper and lower case letters, however, the letter Ёё and the uppercase Ъ are missed, the latter to avoid conflicts with the delete character (both are added in most extensions, see KOI8-B). The first 127 code points are identical to ASCII with the exception of the dollar sign $ (code point 24hex) replaced by the universal currency sign ¤. The rows x8_ and x9_ (code points 128–159) might be filled with the additional control characters from EBCDIC (code points 32–63).

This standard has become the base for the later Internet standards such as KOI8-R, KOI8-U, KOI8-RU and all the other derivatives.

Character set[edit]

The following table shows the KOI-8 encoding. Each character is shown with its equivalent Unicode code point.

KOI-8[3]
_0 _1 _2 _3 _4 _5 _6 _7 _8 _9 _A _B _C _D _E _F
0_
0
NUL
0000
SOH
0001
STX
0002
ETX
0003
EOT
0004
ENQ
0005
ACK
0006
BEL
0007
BS
0008
HT
0009
LF
000A
VT
000B
FF
000C
CR
000D
SO
000E
SI
000F
1_
16
DLE
0010
DC1
0011
DC2
0012
DC3
0013
DC4
0014
NAK
0015
SYN
0016
ETB
0017
CAN
0018
EM
0019
SUB
001A
ESC
001B
FS
001C
GS
001D
RS
001E
US
001F
2_
32
SP
0020
!
0021
"
0022
#
0023
¤/$[a]
00A4/0024
%
0025
&
0026
'
0027
(
0028
)
0029
*
002A
+
002B
,
002C
-
002D
.
002E
/
002F
3_
48
0
0030
1
0031
2
0032
3
0033
4
0034
5
0035
6
0036
7
0037
8
0038
9
0039
:
003A
;
003B
<
003C
=
003D
>
003E
?
003F
4_
64
@
0040
A
0041
B
0042
C
0043
D
0044
E
0045
F
0046
G
0047
H
0048
I
0049
J
004A
K
004B
L
004C
M
004D
N
004E
O
004F
5_
80
P
0050
Q
0051
R
0052
S
0053
T
0054
U
0055
V
0056
W
0057
X
0058
Y
0059
Z
005A
[
005B
\
005C
]
005D
^
005E
_
005F
6_
96
`
0060
a
0061
b
0062
c
0063
d
0064
e
0065
f
0066
g
0067
h
0068
i
0069
j
006A
k
006B
l
006C
m
006D
n
006E
o
006F
7_
112
p
0070
q
0071
r
0072
s
0073
t
0074
u
0075
v
0076
w
0077
x
0078
y
0079
z
007A
{
007B
|
007C
}
007D
~
007E
DEL
007F
8_
128
9_
144
A_
160
B_
176
C_
192
ю
044E
а
0430
б
0431
ц
0446
д
0434
е
0435
ф
0444
г
0433
х
0445
и
0438
й
0439
к
043A
л
043B
м
043C
н
043D
о
043E
D_
208
п
043F
я
044F
р
0440
с
0441
т
0442
у
0443
ж
0436
в
0432
ь
044C
ы
044B
з
0437
ш
0448
э
044D
щ
0449
ч
0447
ъ
044A
E_
224
Ю
042E
А
0410
Б
0411
Ц
0426
Д
0414
Е
0415
Ф
0424
Г
0413
Х
0425
И
0418
Й
0419
К
041A
Л
041B
М
041C
Н
041D
О
041E
F_
240
П
041F
Я
042F
Р
0420
С
0421
Т
0422
У
0423
Ж
0416
В
0412
Ь
042C
Ы
042B
З
0417
Ш
0428
Э
042D
Щ
0429
Ч
0427

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Originally given as an international currency sign to match the ISO 646 IRV, which has itself since been changed to match ASCII in giving it as a dollar sign. KOI-8 variants and extensions in use tend to match ASCII here, see for example RFC 2319.

References[edit]

  1. ^ (in Russian) ГОСТ 19768-74 (СТ СЭВ 358-76). Машины вычислительные и система обработки данных. Коды 8-битные для обмена и обработки информации.
  2. ^ (in Russian) Маркелова Л. Н. Эксплуатация программоуправляемой вычислительной машины «Искра 226». — М.: Машиностроение, 1987. — С. 41—42.
  3. ^ "Locale::RecodeData::KOI_8 - search.cpan.org". search.cpan.org.