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Army Strategic Command
Komando Strategis Angkatan Darat
Lambang Kostrad.png
Insignia of Kostrad
Active 1961 – present
Country  Indonesia
Branch Indonesian Army
Role Strategic defense operations
Size 27,000 (1998)[2]
Part of Indonesian National Armed Forces Tentara Nasional Indonesia (TNI)
Headquarters Jakarta
Nickname(s) Cakra
Motto(s) Dharma Putra
Beret color Green
Anniversaries 6th of March
Kostrad Commander Lieutenant General Agus Kriswanto
Kostrad Chief of Staff Major General Benny Susianto
Logo Kostrad-TNI AD.png

Kostrad (Komando Strategis Angkatan Darat: "Army Strategic Command") is a formation of the Indonesian Army. Kostrad is a Corps level command which has up to 35,000 troops. It also supervises operational readiness among all commands and conducts defence and security operations at the strategic level in accordance with policies of the TNI commander. Kostrad is the main basic warfare combat unit of the Indonesian Army, while Kopassus is the elite-special forces of the Indonesian Army, Kostrad still maintains as the first-line combat unit of the TNI below the Kopassus.[1] This corps has two divisions which are:

As a corps, Kostrad is commanded by a Panglima (Commander), usually a lieutenant general. Kostrad falls under the army chief of staff for training, personnel, and administration.[3] However, it comes under the Commander-in-Chief of the Indonesian National Armed Forces for operational command and deployment. Kostrad typically receives best equipment in the Army and its two armoured battalions will soon receive Leopard 2A4 and Leopard 2 Revolution tanks.

Starting 1984 the Panglima of Kostrad (Pangkostrad) has been charged to lead the conduct of combat operations, called defence and security operations.


Kostrad came into being during military action for Indonesia's take over of Western New Guinea in 1960, and was formally constituted on 6 March 1961.[4] Initially designated the Army General Reserve Corps, its name was changed to Kostrad in 1963.

General Suharto, was appointed as the first head of Kostrad in 1961, and it was in this role that he was able assert the army's control in the days following the abortive coup attempt on the evening of 30 September 1965, which ultimately led to Suharto replacing Sukarno as Indonesian president.

The command's troops have fought in most Indonesian military operations since their formation, such as G-30-S/PKI (30 September Movement/Indonesian Communist Party), Trisula, the PGRS (Sarawak People's Guerrilla Force) in Sarawak, the PARAKU (North Kalimantan People's Force) in North Kalimantan, and Operation Seroja in East Timor.

Kostrad troops have also been used beyond Indonesia's borders, as was the case with Garuda Contingent in Egypt (1973–78) and Vietnam (1973–75) and with those in the United Nations Iran–Iraq Military Observer Group in the midst of the Iran–Iraq War of 1989 and 1990.

Function & Main Tasks[edit]

Kostrad Headquarters in Central Jakarta

Based on the Decree of the Armed Forces Commander Number: Kep / 09 / III / 1985 dated March 6, 1985 on the Principles of Organization and the task of the Strategic Command of the Armed Forces (Kostrad), it is stipulated that Kostrad as a major Administrative Command reports directly under the Army chief of staff while Kostrad Operational Main Command is directly under the National Armed Forces (TNI) Commander. Kostrad was principally responsible for fostering operational readiness on all of its command lines and conducting Strategic Defense Security Operations in accordance with the policy of the TNI Commander. To carry out these tasks, Kostrad organizes and carries out the main functions in the development of strength, combat and administration, the military's organic functions both intelligence, operations and training, personnel coaching, logistics, and territorial as well as the organic function of coaching in planning, controlling and supervision.

In the organizational field, Kostrad has an organizational structure established by the Chief of Staff of the Army based on the ACS Decree Regulation No. Kep / 9 / III / 85 dated March 6, 1985. Kostrad is headed by a Lieutenant-General Army Commander. In the daily duties of the Army Commander is assisted by a Chief of Staff of the rank of Major General of the TNI, the auxiliary elements of the Staff, namely Personal Staff (Spri), Kostrad Inspectorate (Ir Kostrad), and Kostrad General Staff, the Assistant Chief of Staff who served as the supervisor of the execution of their respective activities. Each field of activity, while the executive elements in Kostrad consist of the Executive Units (Balak), combat units (Satpur), and Combat Assistance Units (Satbanpur).


Kostrad soldiers line up in formation during parade
Soldiers of Kostrad with their distinctive camouflage-pattern uniform

Kostrad had a strength of 27,000 in 1998[2] and its primary components consist of two infantry divisions and an independent airborne brigade.

There were as of early 1998 a total of 33 airborne and infantry battalions within Kostrad. Each division contained three infantry and/or airborne brigades; an armoured battalion; cavalry reconnaissance company; field artillery regiment of three battalions; air defence artillery battalion; combat engineer battalion; supply and transportation battalion; medical battalion; signal company; military police company; field maintenance company; and a personnel and administrative detachment.[5] Kostrad has 3 divisions which are:

  1. LOGO DIVINF 1.png 1st Kostrad Infantry Division, headquartered at Cilodong, West Java
  2. LOGO DIVINF 2.png 2nd Kostrad Infantry Division, headquartered at Malang, East Java
  3. 3rd Airborne Raider Infantry Brigade (Makassar) (Former 3rd Kopassus Group)[6]

There have been several reports that a third division was to be formed for Kostrad, for example in an announcement by then Kostrad commander Lieutenant General Hadi Waluyo on 16 March 2005.[7] Waluyo's announcement indicated that the new division was to be formed around the 3rd Airborne Infantry Brigade, which would be shifted to a new site in Papua once the expansion programme had advanced further. However, despite this and other announcements, no third division has yet been established. The 3rd Brigade is an independent component of the 1st Division.

Special Unit[edit]

Kostrad Special Unit Soldiers

Combat Reconnaissance Platoon[edit]

The "Combat Reconnaissance Platoon" of Kostrad (Peleton Intai Tempur abbreviated "Tontaipur") is a special unit formation of Kostrad in a platoon level to conduct Special reconnaissance (SR) operations. Its further information regarding number of troops and weaponry are confidential. It was formed in 2001 and is part of the Kostrad Intelligence Battalion. Tontaipur was formed under the auspices of the then Kostrad commander Ryamizard Ryacudu. Like other special units within the TNI, Tontaipur is trained for combat in multi dimensions namely Land, Sea, and Air.

List of Kostrad Commanders[edit]

Many Kostrad commanders have gone on to very senior Indonesian posts. Suharto became President; General Rudini became Minister of Home Affairs; General Wismoyo is married to the sister of Suharto's late wife; and Lieutenant General Tarub became the armed forces' Chief of the General Staff.[8] General Wirahadikusumah would later become Vice-President.

No Name From To
1 Major General TNI Suharto 1 May 1963 2 December 1965
2 Major General TNI Umar Wirahadikusumah 2 December 1965 27 May 1967
3 Major General TNI Kemal Idris 27 May 1967 11 March 1969
4 Major General TNI Wahono 11 March 1969 20 February 1970
5 Major General TNI Makmun Murod 20 February 1970 26 December 1971
6 Major General TNI Wahono 26 December 1971 18 March 1973
7 Major General TNI Poniman 18 March 1973 4 May 1974
8 Major General TNI Himawan Susanto 4 May 1974 4 January 1975
9 Major General TNI Leo Lopulisa 4 January 1975 19 January 1978
10 Major General TNI Wiyogo Atmodarminto 19 January 1978 1 March 1980
11 Major General TNI Muhammad Ismail 1 March 1980 24 January 1981
12 Major General TNI Rudini 24 January 1981 24 May 1983
13 Major General TNI Suweno 24 May 1983 30 January 1986
14 Major General TNI Suripto 30 January 1986 21 August 1987
15 Major General TNI Adolf Sagala Rajagukguk 21 August 1987 28 March 1988
16 Major General TNI Sugito 28 March 1988 9 August 1990
17 Major General TNI Wismoyo Arismunandar 9 August 1990 29 July 1992
18 Major General TNI Kuntara 29 July 1992 22 September 1994
19 Major General TNI Tarub 22 September 1994 4 April 1996
20 Lieutenant General TNI Wiranto 4 April 1996 20 June 1997
21 Lieutenant General TNI Sugiyono 20 June 1997 20 March 1998
22 Lieutenant General TNI Prabowo Subianto 20 March 1998 22 May 1998
* Lieutenant General TNI Johny Lumintang 22 May 1998 23 May 1998
23 Lieutenant General TNI Djamari Chaniago 23 May 1998 24 November 1999
24 Lieutenant General TNI Djaja Suparman 24 November 1999 29 March 2000
25 Lieutenant General TNI Agus Wirahadikusumaho 29 March 2000 1 August 2000
26 Lieutenant General TNI Ryamizard Ryacudu 1 August 2000 3 July 2002
27 Lieutenant General TNI Bibit Waluyo 3 July 2002 3 November 2004
28 Lieutenant General TNI Hadi Waluyo 3 November 2004 2 May 2006
29 Lieutenant General TNI Erwin Sujono 2 May 2006 12 November 2007
30 Lieutenant General TNI George Toisutta 13 November 2007 17 February 2010
31 Lieutenant General TNI Burhanuddin Amin 17 February 2010 30 September 2010
32 Lieutenant General TNI Pramono Edhie Wibowo 30 September 2010 9 August 2011
33 Lieutenant General TNI Azmyn Yusri Nasution 9 August 2011 13 March 2012
34 Lieutenant General TNI Muhammad Munir 13 March 2012 2 June 2013
35 Lieutenant General TNI Gatot Nurmantyo[9][10] 2 June 2013 26 September 2014
36 Lieutenant General TNI Mulyono[11] 26 September 2014 15 July 2015
37 Lieutenant General TNI Edy Rahmayadi[12] 25 July 2015 4 January 2018
38 Lieutenant General TNI Agus Kriswanto 4 January 2018 present


  1. ^ a b "Kostrad Exercise Chakra II forms 1.071 fighters (Latihan Cakra II Kostrad Cetak 1,071 Petarung)", Fery Setiawan, COMMANDO magazine 6th edition vol. XII 2016, p. 17, 2016 
  2. ^ a b Jane's Defence Weekly, 15 April 1998, p.34
  3. ^ John Haseman, 'Indonesian strategic command upgraded,' Jane's Intelligence Review, March 1997, p.130
  4. ^ Globalsecurity.org, Kostrad, quoting Library of Congress Country Study Indonesia, link verified December 2009
  5. ^ 'Indonesia: keeping its forces at full stretch,' Jane's Defence Weekly, 15 April 1998, p.34-35
  6. ^ The 3rd Airborne Infantry Brigade commander Col Djoko Subandrio have just finished the BSTF commander in West Timor in 3 Sep. https://www.webcitation.org/query?url=http://www.geocities.com/thaipkf03/TNI1.html&date=2009-10-25+22:48:03, accessed February 2009
  7. ^ Robert Karniol, 'Indonesia boosts eastern region defence,' Jane's Defence Weekly, 30 March 2005, Vol 42, No. 13, p.15.
  8. ^ Generals Rudini, Wismoyo, and Tarub were all named as former commanders by John Haseman, 'Indonesian strategic command upgraded,' Jane's Intelligence Review, March 1997, p.130
  9. ^ "Mutasi TNI AD Terhadap Moeldoko dan 7 Perwira Tinggi Lainnya". 21 May 2013. 
  10. ^ "Kasad Lantik Letjen TNI Gatot Nurmantyo sebagai Pangkostrad". 4 June 2013. 
  11. ^ "Lagi-lagi, 59 Perwira TNI Dimutasi". 10 September 2014. 
  12. ^ "Mayjen TNI Edy Rahmayadi Dilantik Jadi Pangkostrad". Bahaudin Marcopolo. 31 July 2015. 

External links[edit]