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|St. Cloud/Minneapolis–St. Paul, Minnesota|
|City||St. Cloud, Minnesota|
|Channels||Digital: 16 (UHF)|
|Affiliations||41.1: Ion (O&O)|
41.2: Bounce TV
41.4: Court TV Mystery
41.6: Defy TV
|Owner||Ion Media Networks|
(a subsidiary of the E. W. Scripps Company)
(Ion Television License, LLC)
First air date
|November 24, 1982|
Former call signs
Former channel number(s)
41 (UHF, 1982–2009)
40 (UHF, until 2018)
Star Television Network (1990–1991)
Qubo (until 2021)
Ion Plus (until 2021)
Ion Shop (until 2021)
QVC (until 2021)
HSN (until 2021)
Call sign meaning
|HAAT||289.4 m (949 ft)|
Public license information
KPXM-TV, virtual channel 41 (UHF digital channel 16), is an Ion owned-and-operated television station serving Minneapolis and Saint Paul, Minnesota, United States that is licensed to St. Cloud. As such, it is the only commercial full-power television station (not counting satellite stations) that is not licensed to either of the market's two major cities. The station is owned by the Ion Media Networks subsidiary of the E. W. Scripps Company. KPXM-TV's sales office is located on 176th Street NW near Big Lake, and its transmitter is located near Anoka, Minnesota.
KPXM-TV also serves the Mankato market (via K20LP-D in nearby St. James through the local municipal-operated Cooperative TV [CTV] network of translators), as that area does not have an Ion station of its own.
The station originally signed on the air in 1982 as KXLI ("XLI" is 41 in Roman numerals). The station branded as K-41 and showed syndicated fare and cartoons. KXLI was also simulcast on KXLT-TV channel 47 in Rochester, and by the late 1980s, Minnesota North Stars hockey broadcasts would also air on the stations.
KXLI and KXLT were owned by Halcomm Inc. with its majority stockholder and president Dale W. Lang, chairman of magazine publisher Lang Communications Inc. Lang attempted with partners to create the "Minnesota Independent Network" (MIN) with 11 stations but never got past planning and initial work.
Lang also made a $9.6 million loan to Halcomm. The stations closed down in December 1988 with Lang calling the loan in 1989 taking possession of the stations.
In 1989, Lang became the primary investor in a new television network based in Orlando, Florida, the Star Television Network. KXLT returned on September 29, 1990 again simulcasting KXLI programming as an owned and operated Star station. Both stations were broadcasting 22 hours a day with 10 hours from Star, which consisted of at least four hours of infomercials and eight hours of classic shows under the TV Heaven banner.
Following Star's closure in January 1991, KXLI/KXLT replaced its schedule with religious and infomercial programming, as well as programming from the Home Shopping Network, which continued through their purchase by Lowell "Bud" Paxson in the mid-1990s. Saturday afternoons during this time consisted of local and national hunting programs. Programming originated from the transmitter building during this time in Big Lake.
Once it was decided to bring back the moniker of TV Heaven, money was spent on a new building near the tower. TV Heaven was brought back with programs from the 1950s, '60s, '70s, '80s and some new shows during the '90s. It also had agreements to air programming from an upstart conservative network NET (National Empowerment Television) run by Paul Weyrich. To that end, the stations nicknamed themselves the Political News Network. Late evenings were taken up by many different shopping networks.
In 1998, Paxson broke the KXLI/KXLT simulcast by selling KXLT to Shockley Communications, who converted that station into a full-powered Fox affiliate for the Rochester–Austin–Mason City market; that station would replace two Minneapolis-based stations, WFTC and KMSP-TV, on cable and satellite providers in the Rochester market. Paxson also changed KXLI's call letters to KPXM, and the station would join the Pax TV network (later i: Independent Television and now Ion Television) later in 1998. The station also got a significant technical overhaul, replacing the 1970s-vintage La Kart tape switching equipment. It also moved to a new, much more powerful tower in Big Lake. It is the tallest structure in Minnesota, standing 1,505 feet (459 m) tall—nearly twice as high as the skyscrapers of downtown Minneapolis. The new tower more than doubled the station's coverage area, which was now comparable to those of the major Twin Cities stations.
KPXM originally had a marketing agreement with KARE (channel 11) in which KPXM repeated KARE's evening newscasts tape-delayed by half an hour, and also repeated KARE's morning show again in the afternoon. Similar arrangements were in place between other Pax and NBC stations across the country. This agreement ended in June 2005, when Paxson chose to end such agreements for all its stations.
In 2009 and 2012, the FCC authorized the station to move to a tower closer to the Twin Cities tower farm in Shoreview. However, that facility was never built.
During late May 2018, the station simulcast on RF channel 16 from the Anoka tower shared with radio station KQQL, encouraging viewers to re-scan their TVs. This change only affected those who use an antenna to receive KPXM. The station permanently moved to channel 16 on June 1, 2018 as part of the digital television repack. While both channels were still on the air, viewers saw two identical sets of channels. This move forced K16HY-D off the air in the Twin Cities, as that station broadcast from the IDS Center in downtown Minneapolis, and the two stations would interfere with each other. After the repack is complete, T-Mobile will own the spectrum vacated by the station.
The station's digital signal is multiplexed:
|Channel||Video||Aspect||PSIP Short Name||Programming|
|41.4||Mystery||Court TV Mystery|
|41.6||Defy TV||Defy TV|
KPXM-TV shut down its analog signal, over UHF channel 41, on June 12, 2009, the official date in which full-power television stations in the United States transitioned from analog to digital broadcasts under federal mandate. The station's digital signal remained on its pre-transition UHF channel 40. Through the use of PSIP, digital television receivers display the station's virtual channel as its former UHF analog channel 41.
On June 1, 2018, the station signed off its transmitter on channel 40, relocating to 16 permanently after moving towers.
The broadcast signal of KPXM is extended by way of five digital translators in central and southern Minnesota.
|City of license||Callsign||Channel||ERP||HAAT||Facility ID||Transmitter coordinates||Owner|
|Alexandria||K34AF-D||34||1.05 kW||128 m (420 ft)||59646||Selective TV|
|Jackson||K30KQ-D||30||2.1 kW||98 m (322 ft)||182398||Cooperative TV|
|Redwood Falls||K17BV-D||17||0.398 kW||100 m (328 ft)||55447||Redwood TV Improvement Corporation|
(in the Mankato market)
|20||1.3 kW||178 m (584 ft)||190114||Cooperative TV|
|Willmar||K26NU-D||26||0.7 kW||155 m (509 ft)||68700||UHF TV, Inc.|
- RabbitEars - Digital TV Market Listing for K20LP-D
- The Webpage of Cooperative TV (CTV)
- CTV Channel Listing via the Cooperative TV (CTV) Website
- "KXLT-TV to return to the airwaves in Rochester in Sept". PostBulletin.com. July 28, 1990. Retrieved November 22, 2015.
Lang and some partners previously tried to put together a Minnesota Independent Network with 11 stations strung from Rochester in the southeast to Bemidji in the north. However, that network never was organized.
- Strother, Susan G. (January 17, 1991). "Tv Network Signs Off - Out Of Cash". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved January 20, 2015.
- Twin Cities DX log
- Upper Midwest Broadcasting
- Ch-ch-changes. KPXM-TV (Minneapolis market) moving to ch 16 around June 1
- "RabbitEars TV Query for KPXM". Retrieved March 6, 2021.
- "DTV Tentative Channel Designations for the First and the Second Rounds" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on August 29, 2013. Retrieved March 24, 2012.