|City of license||San Francisco, California|
|Broadcast area||San Francisco Bay Area (KQED 88.5)
Sacramento (KQEI 89.3)
|Branding||NPR News & Information|
(also on HD Radio)
|First air date||June 25, 1969|
|ERP||110,000 watts (KQED)
3,300 watts (KQEI)
|HAAT||387 m (1,270 ft) (KQED)
108 m (354 ft) (KQEI)
|Facility ID||35501 (KQED)
|Callsign meaning||Quod Erat Demonstrandum|
|Owner||Northern California Public Broadcasting|
KQED-FM was founded by James Day in 1969 as the radio arm of KQED Television. The founding manager was Bernard Mayes who later went on to be Executive Vice-President of KQED TV and also co-founder and chairman of NPR (National Public Radio). KQED-FM was first located in a former church building where the Presbyterian church ran station KXKX-FM the licence of which was sold to KQED. The first programming of KQED-FM included news feeds from NPR, 'street radio' broadcast live from local street corners, drama and music. In its third year on the air, KQED-FM became one of the first 80 NPR affiliates—five of which were in California—to air the first edition of All Things Considered. Later, due to reduced funding, Mayes opened the air to 'Tribal Radio' - productions by local non-profit groups, some in their own languages. Today, KQED-FM is the most-listened to public radio station in the United States, and as of the fall 2005 Arbitron ratings, the station ranks third in the San Francisco market. In addition to local programming, KQED-FM carries content from major public radio distributors such as National Public Radio, Public Radio International, BBC World Service and American Public Media. Among the locally produced shows are Forum with Michael Krasny, The California Report, Perspectives and Pacific Time.
In addition to over-the-air broadcasts, KQED-FM audio is carried on Comcast digital cable channel 960 and is webcast with live streaming audio around the clock with Forum, and Pacific Time carried live with nationwide coverage on Sirius Satellite Radio. KQED also offers an extensive audio archive and podcasts of previous shows for download.
One of the most famous programs to have been broadcast on KQED was An Hour with Pink Floyd, a sixty-minute performance by Pink Floyd recorded in 1970 without an audience at the station's studio. The program was broadcast only twice—once in 1970, and once again in 1981. The setlist included "Atom Heart Mother", "Cymbaline", "Grantchester Meadows", "Green Is the Colour", "Careful with That Axe, Eugene", and "Set the Controls for the Heart of the Sun".
Expansion into Sacramento
In 2003, KQED Radio expanded to the Sacramento area by purchasing KEBR-FM in North Highlands from Family Radio, a religious broadcaster based in Oakland. The call letters were changed to KQEI, and it became a full-time satellite of KQED.
Management at KXJZ, Sacramento's main NPR station, criticized the move, saying that KQED would only duplicate KXJZ programming. Indeed, KQED/KQEI and KXJZ both carry Morning Edition and All Things Considered (and, at the time, Talk of the Nation) at the same times opposite each other. KQED argued that it carries more regional news programming during the middle of the day, and news programs at night, while KXJZ has a smaller news bureau and music programming overnight. But KXJZ's parent company, Capital Public Radio, had planned to purchase KEBR in order to convert KXJZ into an all-news station and broadcast jazz on the newly acquired station. KXJZ had also increased its local midday programming with the addition of Insight, a daily interview program. KQED's management suggested that the two stations could cross-promote each other's distinctive programming — an offer that was rebuffed by KXJZ's representative. Capital Public Radio argued that duplication of exactly the same NPR programming serves no one, and that it is very unusual for one NPR station to move in on the territory of a successful existing station.
This was not the first time KQED-FM changed its format, to the chagrin of its competition and listeners – when they converted to an all news and information format by dropping classical music during the day, management and listeners of the other San Francisco public radio station, KALW, claimed their format had been stolen. KALW previously ran news and information programs during the day.
In addition to the main station, KQED-FM is relayed by these stations and translators to widen its broadcast area.
|City of license||ERP
|KQEI-FM||89.3||North Highlands, California||3,300||A||FCC|
|K202CT||88.3||Santa Rosa, California||10||D||FCC|
- "About KQED: KQED Public Radio". KQED. Retrieved 9 May 2009.
- Ben Fong-Torres (12 March 2006). "Radio Waves". The San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2007-01-17.
- Povey, Glenn (2006). "The Sound of Music in My Ears 1970–1971". Echoes : The Complete History of Pink Floyd (New ed.). Mind Head Publishing. p. 131. ISBN 978-0-9554624-0-5. Retrieved 5 September 2012.
- Kearns, Jeff (March 6, 2003). "Radio clash". NewsReview.com. Retrieved 20 September 2014.
- Larson, Mark (February 7, 2003). "NPR outlets face off as KQED buys local station". Sacramento Business Journal. Retrieved 20 September 2014.
- Query the FCC's FM station database for KQED
- Radio-Locator information on KQED
- Query Nielsen Audio's FM station database for KQED
- Query the FCC's FM station database for KQEI
- Radio-Locator information on KQEI
- Query Nielsen Audio's FM station database for KQEI