KA Commuter Jabodetabek

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KA Commuter Jabodetabek
Logo kcj baru.png
Overview
Owner PT Kereta Api Indonesia
Locale Jabodetabek (Jakarta Metropolitan Area)
Transit type Commuter rail
Number of lines 6
Number of stations 78 (8 inactive)
Daily ridership 737,030 (2015)[1]
Annual ridership 253 million (2015)[2]
Website http://www.krl.co.id/
Operation
Began operation April 6, 1925 (as Dutch Colonial Railways or Staats Spoorwegen);
2000 (under PT Kereta Api, as "Jabotabek Division");
September 15, 2008 (under PT KCJ and current branding)
Operator(s) PT KAI Commuter Jabodetabek (KCJ)
Train length 4, 8, 10 or 12 cars per trainset
Headway 5 - 10 minute(s)
Technical
System length 235 km (146 mi)
Track gauge 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
Electrification 1,500 V DC overhead catenary
Average speed 40 km/h (25 mph)
Top speed 90 km/h (55 mph)
System map

KRL Jabotabek Lines.svg

KA Commuter Jabodetabek, commonly known as Commuterline or KRL (Kereta Rel Listrik, Electric Multiple Unit) is a commuter rail system in the Jakarta metropolitan area, Indonesia. KA Commuter Jabodetabek is operated by KAI Commuter Jabodetabek (KCJ), a subsidiary of Kereta Api Indonesia, Indonesian national railway company. The infrastructure are owned by Kereta Api Indonesia and some of the stations and lines are used concurrently with regular intercity trains.

KA Commuter serves commuters in Jakarta, Bogor, Depok, Tangerang, South Tangerang, and Bekasi. The current rolling stock are composed by used Japanese trains from Tokyo Metro, Toei Subway, Japan Railways and Tokyu, with some local-produced trains from Industri Kereta Api (INKA).

History[edit]

In 1923, before Indonesian declaration of independence, Staatsspoorwegen (SS), a Dutch colonial railways company, built the first electrified railway from Tanjung Priok to Meester Cornelis (Jatinegara) and began operation in 1925 with 3000-series locomotives from SLM–BBC (Swiss Locomotive and Machine Works - Brown Boveri & Cie), 3100-series electric locomotives from AEG Germany, 3200-series locomotives from Werkspoor Netherlands and passenger coaches from Westinghouse and General Electric. The electrification project continued in 1927 in an existing railway which served around Batavia and neighboring cities.

After independence in 1945, the railway operation was taken over by Djawatan Kereta Api Repoeblik Indonesia (Indonesian Railways Bureau, now PT Kereta Api). In 1976, the old locomotives and coaches were replaced with electric trains from Japan. The commuter system was started in 2000, integrating railway lines covered under PTKA's Division of First Operational Areas (Daop 1 Jakarta) and the said area was taken under its subsidiary, PT KAI Commuter Jabodetabek, in 2008.

The modernization of the commuter railway system was started in 2011 by greatly reducing the number of lines from 37 point-to-point routes to 6 integrated lines, removal of express services, and simplifying the classes into 2 service classes (Economy class or non-air conditioned train–subsidized by Ministry of Transportation–and Commuter class or air-conditioned train) which stops at every station. On July 25, 2013, the economy class discontinued, leaving the Commuter class as the sole service class throughout the network.[3]

Due to extreme crowding, unruly passengers (colloquially called Atappers) had been riding on top of the trains en masse, but that has since been brought under control with physical barriers. In July 2013, the operator introduced the Commet (Commuter Electronic Ticketing) system replacing the old paper ticket system and changing the old fare system into 'progressive fare' system, as well as modernization of all 80 serving stations.

Starting on April 1, 2015 the number of trips per day increased to 872, dominated by Bogor/Depok route and Bekasi route with 391 trips and 153 trips per day, respectively. Headway of Bogor route is 5 minutes, while Bekasi route is still 12 minutes.[4]

In July 2015, KA Commuter Jabodetabek served more than 850,000 passengers per day, which is almost triple of the 2011 figures, but still less than 3.5% of all Jabodetabek commutes.[5] It is predicted will serve 1.2 million passengers per day in 2019.[6]

Two expansion project are currently underway. Green Line (Tanah Abang - Maja) is being extended to Rangkasbitung, while Blue Line (Jakarta Kota - Bekasi) is being extended to Cikarang. Four new stations will be built in the Blue Line extension. Both project will electrify the existing regular rail tracks and are expected to be operational by late 2016.[7]

In addition to new stations in Blue Line extension, three other stations will be reactivated: one station on Pink Line (Ancol) and two stations on Yellow Line (Pondok Rajeg and Gunung Putri).[7]

Service Routes[edit]

Since the modernization project in 2011, the system has 7 integrated commuter lines which serve Greater Jakarta. The network route map recognised by color coded and destination of final station.

Lines Services No. of stations Length Operated
KRL Icon Red.svg Jakarta - Bogor Jakarta Kota to Depok 20 33.3 km (20.7 mi) 1930
Jakarta Kota to Bogor 24 54.8 km (34.1 mi) 1930
KRL Icon Yellow.svg Jatinegara-Bogor (Jakarta Loopline) Jatinegara to Depok 25^ 47.222 km (29.342 mi) 1987
Jatinegara to Bogor 29^ 69.352 km (43.093 mi) 1987
Duri to Nambo 20 50.803 km (31.568 mi) 2015
KRL Icon Green.svg Tanah Abang - Maja Tanah Abang to Serpong 8 55.629 km (34.566 mi) 1992
Tanah Abang to Parung Panjang 11 24.278 km (15.086 mi) 2009
Tanah Abang to Maja 17 55.629 km (34.566 mi) 2013
KRL Icon Blue.svg Jakarta - Bekasi Jakarta Kota to Bekasi 18 27.4 km 1992
KRL Icon Brown.svg Duri - Tangerang Duri to Tangerang 11 19.297 km (11.991 mi) 1997
KRL Icon Pink.svg Tanjung Priok Line Jakarta Kota to Tanjung Priok 4 15.373 km (9.552 mi) 2015
† excluding Gambir station, not serving Commuterline trains

^ excluding Angke station, not serving Commuterline trains

Stations[edit]

List of stations[edit]

Bold: Terminus or transit stations

Italic: Closed for Commuterline, open for intercity trains

Strikethrough: Closed for all services

KRL Icon Red.svg Jakarta Kota - Bogor Line KRL Icon Blue.svg Jakarta Kota - Bekasi Line KRL Icon Green.svg Tanah Abang - Maja Line KRL Icon Brown.svg Duri - Tangerang Line KRL Icon Pink.svg Jakarta Kota - Tanjung Priok Line

† Some trains starts and terminates here

† Some trains starts and terminates here

^ One early morning train (KA 1903) terminates here instead of Tanah Abang and one morning train (KA 1919) starts here instead of Serpong, Parungpanjang or Maja

  • Duri
  • Grogol
  • Pesing
  • Taman Kota
  • Bojong Indah
  • Rawa Buaya
  • Kalideres
  • Poris
  • Batuceper
  • Tanahtinggi
  • Tangerang
KRL Icon Yellow.svg Jatinegara - Bogor/ Nambo Line

† Some trains starts and terminates here

^ For Northbound (to Depok/ Bogor) trains only. Southbound (to Jatinegara) trains does not stop here.

List of Major Stations[edit]

Below are the list of main and terminus stations, some of them also servicing intercity train lines.

Station Lines Establishment Intercity/Local Station Type
Jakarta Kota 1926 Yes Commuter Terminus and Transit, and Local Terminus.
Gambir 1884 Yes Intercity Terminusa
Manggarai 1918 Yes Commuter main transit
Jatinegara 1910 Yes Commuter terminus, transit and East Westbound Intercity stopb
Tanah Abang 1910 Yes Commuter terminus and transit, West Intercity Terminus
Duri Yes Commuter terminus and transit, Local stopc
Kampung Bandan No Commuter transit
Pasar Senen 1925 Yes Intercity terminus, Westbound Local stop and Northbound Commuter stop d
Bogor 1881 Yes Commuter and South Local terminus (bogor Paledang station)b
Bekasi Yes Commuter terminus, East Suburban transit and East Intercity transit (night-time only)
^a Currently, Gambir Station doesn't serve as commuter stop, because of busy intercity train services in Gambir. Passengers who travel to areas near Merdeka Square, can depart in neighboring Gondangdia or Juanda station.
^b South Local trains (operated by PTKA, serving trips from Bogor to Sukabumi/Cianjur.) starts and ends from Bogor Paledang, within walking distance from Bogor station.
^c Duri Station is planned to be the transit for Airport Commuter Train, which will be under construction in 2014.
^d Pasar Senen station only serve the Jatinegara - Depok/Bogor commuter service, while the Bogor/Depok - Jatinegara service doesn't stop here.

New stations[edit]

On 17 April 2012, PT KAI Commuter Jabodetabek (KCJ) spokesman announced that the new stations will be built at:[8]

  • Roxy (Central Jakarta)
  • Matraman (East Jakarta)
  • Tomang (West Jakarta)
  • Bandengan (North Jakarta)
  • Sukaresmi (Bogor)

KCJ will also refurbished old stations at:

  • Mampang

Ticketing and fares[edit]

(in IDR)
First 25 kilometers 2,000
Every next 10 kilometers 1,000
Ticket deposit 10,000 (refundable)
Accepted cards COMMET
BCA Flazz
Mandiri e-money
BNI TAPCASH
BRIZZI
Multi trip (black) and single-trip (white) ticket of KA Commuter Jabodetabek

Passengers may purchase ticket for single or multiple journeys. Single-journey cards (Tiket Harian Berjaminan/THB) may be purchased at any ticket counters or C-VIM vending machines, available in some stations. Rp 10,000 deposit will be levied on top of the fare to be paid. Passengers may recharge the card for the next trip, or refund the deposit at the ticket counter or vending machines in any Commuterline stations. However, if the card is not used or recharged for 7 days, the card will expire and the cannot be refunded.

Passengers may also purchase ticket for multiple journeys (Kartu Multi-trip/KMT). KMT is priced at Rp 50,000 (including Rp 30,000 credit).[9] The card has no expiry date and can be used with a minimum credit of Rp 11,000, based on the highest available fare in the system. The card may be topped-up at the ticket counters or vending machines.

In addition to KCJ-issued cards, passengers may also purchase bank-issued cards. Unlike KCJ-issued cards which may only be used for train fares and station's park-and-ride facilities, these cards may also be used for payment for goods and services at selected merchants, gas stations, TransJakarta BRT, selected parking facilities, and toll road payments. Currently Commuterline accepts Mandiri e-Money,[10] BRIZZI,[10] BNI TapCash,[10] and flazz BCA.[11]

Fares[edit]

Fare is charged by distance traveled ('progressive fare'), Rp 2,000 for the first 25 kilometers and IDR 1,000 for every the next 10 kilometers.[12] The fare is subsidized by the Ministry of Transportation. For 2016, the government allocated Rp 1.1 trillion public service obligation to Commuterline[13]

Prior to the introduction of distance-based fare, the fare is determined by number of stations passed. The first five stations passed is charged at Rp 3000 and every next three stations charged at Rp 1000. Between July and November 2013, the charges were lowered to Rp 2000 and Rp 500 respectively, after the government subsidized the fare.[14] Number of passengers increased by 30% after one week of introduction of the new fares.[15]

Rolling stock[edit]

Three different series of Jabodetabek Railway rolling stock: 7000 series set 7117, 6000 series set 6171, and 8000 series set 8003 at Bogor Station, Indonesia.

Most of KRL Jabodetabek rolling stock are air-conditioned second-hand rail cars imported from Japan serving alongside a minority of domestically made air-conditioned cars made by Industri Kereta Api (INKA).

Train without air conditioning (mainly economy class) are no longer operated as KCJ (the operator) begins the single-service operation of air-conditioned for KRL Jabodetabek which means all train must be air-conditioned. One set of ex-economy class (Holec) has been retrofitted with air conditioning by INKA. Moreover, KAI (parent company of KCJ) stated that the economy class train are not feasible to use and the maintenance cost is high due to old age of train (some were made in 1976).

Trains are generally formed of 6 or 8 cars, with a capacity of 80–110 passengers per car. With the arrival of the ex-Japanese JR 205 series, PT. Kereta Api Indonesia will begin operation of 10-cars-consisted trainset.

Most KRL Ekonomi will be scrapped, but some will be preserved if there is a plan to preserve the first modern EMU in Indonesia.

The Toei 6000 series was the first air-conditioned train type to be scrapped in December 2015 due to a large number of newer secondhand 205 series trains displacing the aging 6000 series trains.[16]

Since 1 January 2016, the ex-JR East 103 series were also have been retired.

Non-Air Conditioned rolling stock (All retired since 2013)[edit]

  • KRL Ekonomi BN-Holec (retired, some modified to become diesel commuter trains)
  • KRL Ekonomi Rheostat (KL3 series, scrapped or stored)
  • KRL Hitachi (scrapped or stored)
  • KRL ABB Hyundai (retired, some modified to become diesel commuter trains)

Air Conditioned rolling stock[edit]

Set 6115 operated by KRL Jabotabek in Jakarta, Indonesia, November 2011

Incidents and accidents[edit]

  • 23 September 2015 – A collision between two electric trains (KRL 1154 and KRL 1156) at Juanda Station [17]
  • 9 December 2013 – A collision of KRL Serpong-Jakarta with Pertamina tanker truck at the Bintaro Permai intersection, Tangerang.[18][19]
  • 20 May 1999 – Indonesia University student killed by the KRL in Pondok Cina.[20]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Malas Kena Macet, Jumlah Penumpang KRL Naik 24,6 Persen". 
  2. ^ "Malas Kena Macet, Jumlah Penumpang KRL Naik 24,6 Persen". 
  3. ^ Syailendra. "KRL Ekonomi Non-AC Dihapus Sejak Hari Ini". Tempo.co. Retrieved 13 March 2014. 
  4. ^ "Penambahan Jadwal Commuter Line dan Ancaman Kemacetan". March 27, 2015. 
  5. ^ "PT KCJ: Keterlambatan KRL Sudah di Bawah 10 Menit". July 6, 2015. 
  6. ^ Agustin Setyo Wardani (February 3, 2015). "2014, Sebanyak 200 Juta Orang Naik Kereta Jabodetabek". 
  7. ^ a b "KRL Commuter Line Ditargetkan Beroperasi hingga Cikarang dan Rangkasbitung pada 2016". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). 28 December 2015. 
  8. ^ "5 new stations to be built for commuter trains". April 17, 2012. 
  9. ^ http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2013/07/01/commuters-welcome-kcj-s-cheaper-train-fares.html
  10. ^ a b c "Naik KRL Sekarang Bisa Pakai Tiga Kartu Prabayar Bank BUMN". June 16, 2014. 
  11. ^ Administrator. "Kartu Flazz BCA Kini Dapat Digunakan Untuk Transaksi Perjalanan KRL | BERITA TERKINI". www.krl.co.id. Retrieved 2016-04-12. 
  12. ^ "Mulai 1 April, Tarif KRL Berubah". February 27, 2015. 
  13. ^ "Pemerintah Beri Subsidi Kereta Rp 1,8 T di 2016, Rp 1,1 T Untuk KRL". detikfinance. Retrieved 2016-04-12. 
  14. ^ http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2013/06/27/cheaper-train-fares-and-e-tickets-kcj.html
  15. ^ "Train commuters up by 30 percent". July 8, 2013. 
  16. ^ http://krl-jabodetabek02.cocolog-nifty.com/blog/2015/11/6000depok-4d3f.html
  17. ^ KRL collision in Juanda station.
  18. ^ Seven people killed in accident collision of a tanker truck vs KRL
  19. ^ KRL collision fatalities and increased tanker truck
  20. ^ Indonesia University student killed by the KRL in Pondok Cina

External links[edit]

Media related to KRL Jabotabek at Wikimedia Commons