KTM Class 81
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A Class 81 EMU 14 Komuter train.
|In service||1994 - 2012, 2018 - Current|
(designed by Hunslet TPL)
|Refurbishment||Woojin Industrial Systems|
|Number built||54 cars (18 sets) (14 sets retired and abandoned, 4 sets refurbished)|
|Formation||3 per trainset|
|Capacity||414 (224 seats)|
|Operator(s)||Keretapi Tanah Melayu|
Batu Gajah Rail Depot|
Sentul Komuter Depot
Seremban-Pulau Sebang/Tampin Route|
Seremban-Pulau Sebang/Tampin-Gemas Route
|Height||3.65 m (12 ft 0 in)|
160 km/h (99 mph) (Design)|
120 km/h (75 mph) (Service)
|Weight||121 tonnes (119 long tons; 133 short tons)|
|Electric system(s)||25 kV 50 Hz AC catenary|
|Track gauge||1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in) metre gauge|
The Class 81 is the first and oldest type of electric multiple unit introduced by Keretapi Tanah Melayu for its KTM Komuter service. 18 sets were designed by Hunslet TPL and built by Jenbacher Transport and were delivered in stages. The class 81 currently operates in a fixed 3-car formation for its regular service. During the 1995-1999 period it used to operate at peak hours in a 3+3 car formation. But this configuration was soon discontinued. Briefly from 2009-2010, some of the train sets of this class were used in a hybrid diesel pull configuration in which an unpowered EMU would be towed by a diesel locomotive and while it gets electricity from an attached generator wagon.
The cars have features that resemble passenger carriages on existing intercity services, such as single-leaf doors, luggage racks and transverse seating. During the overhaul drive 2008, it was seen that a number of class 81's were refurbished such that there would be larger standing areas near the doors while enlarging the narrow bottle-necking corridors surrounding the doors. The Class 81 is now operated with a designated female coach at the middle (or second car) of the train set.
The KTM class 81 design is derived from the proven British Rail Class 323, with the main alteration being that it has single leaf swing-plug doors instead of a double leaf type.
The rolling stock consists of three versions of three-car EMUs added over the course of three years, beginning in 1994. The EMUs were the first in KTM's history. All Komuter EMUs operate in multiple-unit formation, running from overhead single-phase 25 kV AC 50 Hz catenary supply, with two driving cars and 1 - 3 trailer cars in between. The EMUs were state-of-the-art, with remote-controlled pneumatic doors, Automatic Train Protection (ATP), train data recorder, wheel-slip control, GTO/IGBT traction electronics and regenerative braking. Up to the point of their introduction no other KTM motive power used these modern train control systems.
Designated by KTM as "Class 8x"s, the EMUs wear a yellow, blue and grey livery, a departure from the predominantly grey livery that KTM adopted on other locomotives and passenger coaches at the time. A handful of EMUs include full advertisements on the sides of their cars.
The original Komuter fleet consisted of the following models:
- 18 Class 81 EMUs (designations EMU 01 to EMU 18) manufactured by Jenbacher Transport in Austria-Hungary (1994/1995)
- 22 Class 83 EMUs (designations EMU 19 to EMU 40) manufactured by Hyundai (HPID) (1996/1997)
- 22 Class 82 EMUs (designations EMU 41 to EMU 62) manufactured by Union Carriage & Wagon in South Africa (1996/1997)
|EMU 16||C8131||T8116||C8132||Abandoned at Rawang|
|EMU 17||C8133||T8117||C8134||Abandoned at Rawang|
On late 2013, the Seremban-Gemas Electrified Double Tracking Project was completed. However, there were not enough ETS trainsets that can be used to serve the track. As a result, a few of the Class 81 has been refurbished with a new livery. One of the trainset that was refurbished was EMU 14. The middle coach has a surau in it. An LCD TV was also added to each end of the coach.
The class 81 currently operates in a fixed 3-car formation for its regular service. During the 1995-1999 period it used to operate at peak hours in a 3+3 car formation. But this configuration was soon discontinued.
Briefly from 2009-2010, some of the train sets of this class were used in a hybrid diesel pull configuration in which an unpowered EMU would be towed by a diesel locomotive and while it gets electricity from an attached generator wagon. Dubbed the KTM "Hybrid" trains it serviced both KLS-Rawang and Kajang-Rawang routes.
The arrival of the KTM Class 92 in 2012 resulted in retirement of the KTM class 81, with now many brought down to Sentul workshops, to be refurbished and converted into inter-regional sets.
- Barrow, Keith (26 April 2018). "Woojin to upgrade Malaysian EMUs". International Railway Journal. Retrieved 7 July 2018.
- "KOMI". ktmkomuter.com.my. KTM Komuter. Archived from the original on 29 April 2010. Retrieved 29 January 2012.
- Kng Zheng Guan (2009-05-15). "KTMB running hybrid trains to deal with congestion". The Star. Archived from the original on 2009-05-16.