KTRK-TV

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
KTRK-TV
ABC 13 KTRK Houston 2013 logo.png
Houston, Texas
United States
ChannelsDigital: 13 (VHF)
Virtual: 13
BrandingABC 13; ABC 13 Eyewitness News
Programming
Affiliations
Ownership
OwnerABC Owned Television Stations
(a subsidiary of The Walt Disney Company)
(KTRK Television, Inc.)
History
First air date
November 20, 1954 (66 years ago) (1954-11-20)
Former channel number(s)
  • Analog:
  • 13 (VHF, 1954–2009)
  • Digital:
  • 32 (UHF, 1998–2009)
Secondary:
NTA (1956–1961)
DT2:
Live Well Network (2009–2020)
DT3:
Laff (2015–2021)
Call sign meaning
Variant derived from former radio partner KTRH
Technical information
Licensing authority
FCC
Facility ID35675
ERP32.4 kW
HAAT588 m (1,929 ft)
Transmitter coordinates29°34′27″N 95°29′37″W / 29.57417°N 95.49361°W / 29.57417; -95.49361Coordinates: 29°34′27″N 95°29′37″W / 29.57417°N 95.49361°W / 29.57417; -95.49361
Links
Public license information
Profile
LMS
Websiteabc13.com

KTRK-TV, virtual and VHF digital channel 13, is an ABC owned-and-operated television station licensed to Houston, Texas, United States. The station is owned by the ABC Owned Television Stations subsidiary of The Walt Disney Company (through its Walt Disney Television division). KTRK's studios are located on Bissonnet Street in the Upper Kirby district,[1] and its transmitter is located near Missouri City, in unincorporated northeastern Fort Bend County.

History[edit]

Early years[edit]

After the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) lifted its freeze on new television station applications, multiple groups expressed interest in channel 13, which became the last VHF assignment to be adjudicated in Houston. By June 1953, six different firms had filed, including the Houston Television Company, featuring a number of prominent local businessmen; the KTRH Broadcasting Company (which had filed in 1948); South Texas Television Company; Houston Area Television Company; W. W. Lechner; and the TV Broadcasting Co. of Houston, owned by Roy Hofheinz.[2] Lechner dropped out, as did South Texas Television, and the four remaining bidders combined their applications in January 1954 into Houston Consolidated Television, in which KTRH and Houston Area Television each owned 32 percent, Houston Television Company owned 20 percent, and Hofheinz owned 16 percent.[3] Houston Consolidated was then granted the construction permit.[4] The combined company, with its 34 stockholders, was hailed by Houston Chronicle president John T. Jones, Jr., whose newspaper owned KTRH, as "the greatest civic achievement in Houston in many years".[5]

Construction on the transmitter in Fort Bend County, southwest of Almeda, began in July.[6] For studios, the new KTRK-TV acquired the former studios of KNUZ-TV (channel 39), a DuMont affiliate which had gone dark that June, and the call letters KTRK-TV were selected after the FCC denied use of KTRH-TV because the radio station did not own a majority of the television permittee.[7]

KTRK-TV's studios in the Upper Kirby district.

KTRK-TV began broadcasting November 20, 1954.[8] It was the first full ABC affiliate for Houston.[9] In its early years, it sought to block the move of a third station into Houston proper by opposing efforts by KGUL-TV (channel 11) to move in from Galveston, which were approved by the FCC in 1956.[10] The present Bissonnet Street studios were inaugurated in December 1961;[11] designed by Hermon Lloyd (later architect of the Astrodome),[12] the facility features a dome that enclosed two studios, which was boasted to be the first such round studio building in the United States.[13]

Early local programs included the children's show Kitirik, which featured the station's mascot, a black cat named after the call letters.[14] The show remained on the air until 1970.[15]

Capital Cities ownership[edit]

In late 1966, Houston Consolidated Television announced it was selling KTRK-TV to the Capital Cities Broadcasting Company.[16] The nearly $21.3 million purchase fell just behind the acquisition of WIIC-TV in Pittsburgh, making it the second-highest price paid at a time for a single TV station.[17][18] Cap Cities already owned five VHF television stations and had to sell one of them to acquire the Houston outlet, which resulted in the company disposing itself of WPRO-TV in Providence, Rhode Island, in a deal that closed simultaneously with its purchase of KTRK-TV in July 1967.[19]

Capital Cities made major investments in news and other programming, and by 1978, KTRK-TV was rumored to be the most profitable station in the entire company.[20] In February 1985, it captured an unprecedented 47 percent of the network audience in Houston.[21]

An ABC-owned station[edit]

Alternate flat logo.

Capital Cities bought ABC in 1985, making KTRK an ABC owned-and-operated station;[22] it was the first in Houston.[23] Investment continued; the studio facility was expanded in 1993 with a new, 20,000-square-foot (1,900 m2) addition that changed the appearance of the street frontage.[24] Capital Cities/ABC was sold to The Walt Disney Company in early 1996.[25]

Local programming[edit]

News operation[edit]

13 Eyewitness News set in December 2009.

Under Capital Cities, KTRK increased its focus on local news programming. After channel 13 expanded its local newscasts to 30 minutes in January 1967, in the final months under Houston Consolidated,[26] in 1969, the station adopted the Eyewitness News name for its newscasts;[27] at the time, it was a distant third place behind KPRC and KHOU.[28] At the same time that the newscasts were expanded in 1967, Dave Ward joined KTRK-TV from KNUZ radio to anchor the station's 7 a.m. newscast,[26] beginning a 50-year career—the longest for any main anchor in American television—that ended with Ward's retirement in 2017.[29] In the 1970s, as a result of the investments made by Capital Cities, KTRK became the news leader in the Houston market; by the start of 1973, it was in second place,[30] and it was the news leader in every ratings book from 1973 to 1993.[31]

Channel 13's formula may have worked because of what was happening in Houston during the years of its ascendance. ... As the city grew exponentially and boomed economically, fast-paced newscasts stressing spot news, laced with presentations by distinctive, assertive characters, mirrored the impression many residents had of their town by the end of the day: a hectic, chaotic, goofy place.

D.J. Wilson, describing the ingredients of KTRK's rise in a 1994 Houston Press article[31]

KTRK also became known for its legendary consumer and investigative reporter, Marvin Zindler, whose week-long reports on a La Grange brothel in 1973 led to the closing of the Chicken Ranch, a bordello that was later immortalized in the musical and film, The Best Little Whorehouse in Texas and ZZ Top's hit song "La Grange". Zindler, who joined KTRK in 1973 at Ward's suggestion[32] after being pushed out of the Harris County sheriff's office,[33] and whose arrival was noted as marking the start of a two-decade "broadcast dynasty" for the station,[31] was also widely noted in the Houston market for his Friday night Rat and Roach Report focusing on Houston restaurants that have failed health inspections, which ended with his trademark line "Slime in the Ice Machine". After becoming the first Houston TV personality to sign a contract paying him more than $1 million in 1984, Zindler signed a lifetime contract with KTRK in 1988, making him the first person ever offered such a contract by Capital Cities, which had a reputation for being a financially frugal company.[34] Zindler continued to work for the station until his death from pancreatic cancer in 2007, even filing reports from his hospital bed during treatment.[32]

Another long-running program was in the mornings. Good Morning Houston, which had evolved from a local Dialing for Dollars program, remained on the air at 9 a.m. from 1967 until it was axed in 1993 to improve KTRK's morning ratings and make more room for syndicated talk shows.[35]

During the 1970s and 1980s, Ward and co-anchor Jan Carson, along with Zindler, sports director Bob Allen and weatherman Ed Brandon, led KTRK to the #1 position at 6 and 10 p.m. In mid-April 1977 the station also debuted its 5 p.m. newscast, Live At Five, which also grew to become the top-rated program in its timeslot, and saw its 6 p.m. newscast expand to a full hour by September 1982, replacing the syndicated version of Family Feud which had moved to KPRC-TV. Later in the 1980s, Ward was joined on the anchor desk by Live at Five anchor Shara Fryer (Carson left KTRK in 1979 for ABC O&O KGO-TV in San Francisco before returning to Houston to anchor at KPRC-TV in 1983). While the newscasts (and ABC's prime time lineup) came to dominate the Houston ratings during the 1980s well into the 1990s, KTRK also had to face spirited competition from KPRC-TV, which became one of the most respected NBC affiliates in the country during the 1980s as NBC came to lead the national prime time ratings, as well as a resurgent KHOU by the dawn of the 1990s and new competition from charter Fox owned-and-operated station KRIV and independent stations KHTV (now CW affiliate KIAH) and KNWS (channel 51; the latter operating as a 24-hour "all news" channel) during this period, even though the latter two eventually shut down their news operations later in the 1990s due to poor ratings.

On October 7, 2002, new Chief Meteorologist Tim Heller (who joined from Fox O&O KDFW in Dallas) would succeed Brandon as the station's lead weatherman, presiding over the station's 10 p.m. and Live at Five weather reports while Brandon would continue to preside over the station's 6 p.m. weather reports until his retirement in 2007 after a 35-year career (with occasional appearances as a fill-in weather anchor afterwards), while Fryer would be succeeded by former MSNBC anchor (and former KTRK morning anchor) Gina Gaston the prior year, with Gaston settling into the position during KTRK's wall-to-wall coverage of Tropical Storm Allison. On August 13, 2007, KTRK became the second television station in the Houston market to begin broadcasting portions of its local newscasts in high definition, becoming the seventh ABC-owned station to make the transition.

In January 2013, sports director Bob Allen left KTRK after a 38-year career with the station, having been succeeded by Greg Bailey (who held the same position at WCNC-TV in Charlotte) four months prior on September 4, 2012. (Allen would later join KHOU as their lead sports anchor, remaining in that position until his death in 2016.) On January 11, 2019, chief meteorologist Tim Heller retired from KTRK after a 17-year career, and was replaced by current chief meteorologist Travis Herzog on the following Monday, January 14.

In recent years, KTRK has expanded its news offerings to include a 4 p.m. newscast that launched in the late summer of 2001. On August 17, 2009, KTRK became the first station in the market to expand its weekday morning newscast to 4:30 a.m., with all of KTRK's competitors following suit later in the year. On August 26, 2013, KTRK-TV split its hourlong 6 p.m. newscast into two separate half hours, with the 6 p.m. half-hour continuing with Dave Ward and Gina Gaston, while Erik Barajas and Ilona Carson would take over as anchors of the newly rechristened 6:30 p.m. newscast; following Ward's retirement in 2017, Live at Five anchor Art Rascon would take Ward's place at 6 p.m., with the station expanding its 10:00 p.m. newscast to one hour on weekends beginning January 4, 2014. On September 10, 2018, KTRK became the first television station in Texas to air a 3 p.m. newscast.

KTRK began producing an hour-long 9 p.m. newscast for KIAH (channel 39) in May 2020 though an agreement with Nexstar Media Group.[36]

In August 2019, news director Wendy Granato was promoted to general manager for the station. She was the first woman to lead the newsroom and became the first woman to take the reins of the entire station.[37]

Sports coverage[edit]

KTRK has been the official television home of the Houston Texans since the team began play in 2002,[38] telecasting any preseason games that are not aired nationally. The station also airs three Texans programs that, like the games, are aired by a network of stations covering most of Texas:

  • Texans Extra Points, a game preview show aired on Saturday nights at 10:30 p.m. during the season;
  • Texans 360, a weekly recap of highlights and news coverage of the Texans, aired on Saturday nights at 11:00 p.m. throughout the year;
  • Houston Texans Inside the Game, a game recap hosted by KTRK sports director Greg Bailey and Spencer Tillman) on Sunday nights at 10:35 p.m.

KTRK also has served as the official local television home of the Houston Marathon.[39]

Notable on-air staff[edit]

Current staff[edit]

Former staff[edit]

Technical information[edit]

Subchannels[edit]

The station's digital signal is multiplexed:

Channel Video Aspect PSIP Short Name Programming[43]
13.1 720p 16:9 KTRK-HD Main KTRK-TV programming / ABC
13.2 LOCLish Localish
13.3 480i KTRK-D3 This TV
13.4 QVC QVC

Analog-to-digital conversion[edit]

KTRK-TV discontinued regular programming on its analog signal, over VHF channel 13, on June 12, 2009, as part of the federally mandated transition from analog to digital television.[44] As most of ABC's owned-and-operated stations moved their digital channels to their former analog allocation post-transition, the station's digital signal relocated from its pre-transition UHF channel 32 to VHF channel 13 for post-transition operations.[45]

The station's two digital subchannels, which originally featured additional news coverage and features programming on 13.2 and The Local AccuWeather Channel on 13.3, would eventually take on their current subchannel affiliations upon their respective launches (2009 in the case of Live Well Network; 2015 in the case of Laff). In 2015, Live Well no longer produced original programming and was moribund. On February 17, 2020, the ABC Owned Television Stations division launched the rebranded Localish subchannel.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Harris County Improvement District #3 Upper Kirby. Retrieved August 16, 2021.
  2. ^ "Fifth Firm Asks For Channel 13". Houston Chronicle. June 11, 1953. p. E-1.
  3. ^ "Consolidation Allows 2d Houston VHF" (PDF). Broadcasting. January 11, 1954. p. 59. Retrieved September 14, 2021 – via World Radio History.
  4. ^ "Grant Proposed for Houston TV Co" (PDF). Broadcasting. January 18, 1954. p. 56. Retrieved September 14, 2021 – via World Radio History.
  5. ^ "Rivals for New TV Station Merge: Pool Bids To Speed License". The Houston Chronicle. January 8, 1954. pp. 1, 10.
  6. ^ "Work Begins On Channel 13: Ground Broken For TV Station". Houston Chronicle. July 9, 1954. pp. 1, 9.
  7. ^ Hodges, Ann (October 15, 1954). "KTRK-TV to Be Channel 13 Call". Houston Chronicle. p. 1.
  8. ^ FCC History Cards for KTRK-TV
  9. ^ Hodges, Ann (November 19, 1954). "Houston Station KTRK-TV Beams First Show Saturday". Houston Chronicle. pp. E-1, E-9.
  10. ^ "KTRK Loses Court Decision To KGUL-TV". Houston Chronicle. December 20, 1956. p. A-5.
  11. ^ "ABC Chief Impressed: KTRK Studio Design Praised". Houston Chronicle. December 20, 1961. pp. 1, 7.
  12. ^ Lloyd, Hermon (November 20, 1961). "Architect Faced New Challenge". Houston Chronicle. p. 3:4.
  13. ^ Gordon, Lila (November 20, 1961). "Channel 7, A 'Lucky 7' Today, Warms Its 'Home Of Tomorrow'". Houston Chronicle. p. 3:2.
  14. ^ "Kitirik - A station mascot with at least nine lives". KTRK-TV. July 29, 2005. Retrieved September 14, 2021.
  15. ^ Hodges, Ann (April 23, 1970). "Summer Sun Already Has Gotten to Networks". Houston Chronicle. p. 6:9.
  16. ^ "KTRK-TV Sale To N.Y. Firm Is Proposed". Houston Chronicle. November 18, 1966. pp. 1, 16.
  17. ^ "Capital Cities buys KTRK-TV in Houston" (PDF). Broadcasting. November 21, 1966. p. 9. Retrieved September 14, 2021.
  18. ^ "FCC Approves Sale of KTRK-TV". Houston Chronicle. June 17, 1967. p. 5.
  19. ^ "Capital Cities cites KPOL in big gains" (PDF). Broadcasting. July 24, 1967. p. 49. Retrieved September 14, 2021.
  20. ^ Hodges, Ann (October 17, 1978). "TV stations here striking it rich". Houston Chronicle. p. 13.
  21. ^ Hodges, Ann (March 21, 1985). "Ch. 13 basking in a glow of success". Houston Chronicle. pp. 4:1, 6.
  22. ^ "FCC approval of Capcities/ABC deal likely" (PDF). Broadcasting. March 25, 1985. pp. 31–34. Retrieved September 14, 2021.
  23. ^ Hodges, Ann (November 15, 1985). "Media deals will have big effect on Houston". Houston Chronicle. pp. 6:1, 4.
  24. ^ "KTRK begins building studio addition". Houston Chronicle. July 18, 1993. p. 10E.
  25. ^ Fabrikant, Geraldine (August 1, 1995). "The Media Business: The Merger; Walt Disney to Acquire ABC in $19 Billion Deal to Build a Giant for Entertainment". The New York Times. p. 1.
  26. ^ a b c Hodges, Ann (January 5, 1967). "Test Reveals Most People Ill-Informed". Houston Chronicle. p. 7:5.
  27. ^ Hodges, Ann (January 7, 1969). "Look What Ch. 13 Is Doing to 'Bewitched'". Houston Chronicle. p. 2:5.
  28. ^ Hodges, Ann (March 13, 1969). "Graceful Switch From 'Turn-On' to Kings". Houston Chronicle. p. 2:11.
  29. ^ Hoffman, Ken (May 3, 2017). "Local TV legend Dave Ward signs off for last time". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved September 15, 2021.
  30. ^ Hodges, Ann (January 5, 1973). "News Teams Jockeying for Ratings". Houston Chronicle. p. 4:5.
  31. ^ a b c Wilson, D.J. (September 8, 1994). "Changing Channels - For decades, 13 ruled the Houston airwaves. Now 11 is coming on strong. Is KTRK's broadcast dynasty losing its hold?". Houston Press.
  32. ^ a b Harrison, Eric (July 30, 2007). "Marvin Zindler, showman who championed 'little guy,' dies - He delivered consumer news with a trademark tenacity, style and sign-off". Houston Chronicle.
  33. ^ "KTRK-TV Hires Zindler As Consumer Affairs Investigator". Houston Chronicle. January 4, 1973. p. 3.
  34. ^ Hodges, Ann (October 7, 1988). "Zindler signs lifetime contract". Houston Chronicle.
  35. ^ Hodges, Ann (August 17, 1993). "'Good Morning, Houston' calls it a day". Houston Chronicle. pp. 1A, 6A.
  36. ^ "ABC13 Eyewitness News at 9 pm on CW39 debuts Monday, May 11". April 13, 2020. Retrieved August 16, 2021.
  37. ^ Lafayette, Jon (August 7, 2019). "ABC Names Granato GM at KRTK, Houston". Retrieved August 16, 2021.
  38. ^ Barron, David (October 17, 2000). "Texans, KTRK to team up". Houston Chronicle.
  39. ^ Kuperberg, Jonathan (March 28, 2016). "Potholes, Sports and Mayoral Madness". Broadcasting & Cable. Retrieved September 15, 2021.
  40. ^ Waguespack, Andrea (March 7, 2014). "KTRK's Katie McCall announces she's leaving Houston". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved September 15, 2021.
  41. ^ "Dan Rather, a veteran of eight years...". Houston Chronicle. December 20, 1959. p. 24.
  42. ^ Feder, Robert (July 17, 1989). "Channel 7 grooms anchor for the '90s". Chicago Sun-Times.
  43. ^ "RabbitEars.Info". www.rabbitears.info. Retrieved August 16, 2021.
  44. ^ List of Digital Full-Power Stations Archived 2013-08-29 at the Wayback Machine
  45. ^ "CDBS Print". fcc.gov.

External links[edit]