K (Eighth Avenue Local)

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Eighth Avenue Local
"K" train symbol
K (Eighth Avenue Local).jpg
An R42 K train at Chambers Street
Northern end 168th Street
Southern end World Trade Center
Stations 23
Started service September 10, 1932; 85 years ago (1932-09-10)
Discontinued December 10, 1988; 28 years ago (1988-12-10)

The K Eighth Avenue Local, earlier the AA, was a rapid transit service of the New York City Subway. Its route bullet was colored blue on station signs, car rollsigns, and the official subway map since it ran on the IND Eighth Avenue Line.

The K operated during midday, evenings, and weekends, making all local stops between 168th Street in Washington Heights, Manhattan and World Trade Center in Lower Manhattan via Central Park West and Eighth Avenue in Manhattan. During late night hours, the A express made local stops on the IND Eighth Avenue Line. During rush hours, the C, formerly the CC, ran between Bedford Park Boulevard and Euclid Avenue, replacing the K as the local on Eighth Avenue. It was discontinued in 1988 as part of a series of major service changes.

History[edit]

Service as the AA[edit]

A and AA service began on September 10, 1932 with the opening of the IND Eighth Avenue Line. The Independent Subway System (IND) used single letters to refer to express services and double letters for local services. The A ran express and the AA ran local, from 168th Street to Chambers Street/World Trade Center, known at the time as Hudson Terminal. The AA ran at all times, and it was extended to 207th Street during nights and on Sundays when the A did not run. When the Eighth Avenue Line was extended to Jay Street – Borough Hall on February 1, 1933 the AA was extended there, but only during the times when the A didn't run; it continued to terminate at Chambers Street when the A did run.[1][2]

Sixth Avenue Subway Will Be Opened to the Public at 12-01 A.M. Sunday, Dec 15, 1940

On July 1, 1933, the AA was suspended when the Concourse Line opened and the new CC service provided local service on Eighth Avenue in its place. The AA was suspended until the IND Sixth Avenue Line opened on December 15, 1940. The AA only ran during non-rush hours and Saturday late afternoon through all day Sunday service to Chambers Street. Rush hours, which at the time included Saturday mornings and afternoons, the AA did not run; it was replaced by the BB (later B) service, which instead ran on the Sixth Avenue Line.[3] This pattern was unchanged until August 28, 1977, when late night service was replaced by an all local A service.[1][2][4]

Service as the K[edit]

On May 6, 1985, as part of the elimination of double letters, the AA was renamed the K. This service operated between 168th Street and World Trade Center during midday, evenings, and weekends. During late night hours, the A express made local stops on the Eighth Avenue Line. During rush hours, the C, formerly the CC, ran between Bedford Park Boulevard and Rockaway Park – Beach 116th Street, replacing the K as the local on Eighth Avenue.[5] This change was not officially reflected in schedules until May 24, 1987.[2]

On December 11, 1988, as part of the widespread service changes that day, the K was discontinued, being replaced by the C train, which was expanded from its rush-hour only service to include midday service between 145th Street and Euclid Avenue, early evening (until 9:00) service from 145th Street to World Trade Center, and weekend service matching the former K between 168th Street and World Trade Center. The B was also expanded to middays to match part of the former K.[6][2]

Route[edit]

Service pattern[edit]

The following table shows the lines used by the K service:

Line From To Tracks
IND Eighth Avenue Line 168th Street World Trade Center Local

Stations[edit]

For a more detailed station listing, see the articles on the lines listed above.

Station service legend
Stops all times Stops all times
Stops all times except late nights Stops all times except late nights
Stops weekdays only Stops weekdays only
Stops rush hours in peak direction only Stops weekdays in the peak direction only
Time period details
Handicapped/disabled access Station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act
Handicapped/disabled access ↑ Station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act
in the indicated direction only
Handicapped/disabled access ↓
Aiga elevator.svg Elevator access to mezzanine only
K service Stations Handicapped/disabled access Subway transfers Connections
Manhattan
Stops all times 168th Street Handicapped/disabled access
Stops all times 163rd Street–Amsterdam Avenue
Stops all times 155th Street
Stops all times 145th Street A all times
D all times (IND Concourse Line)
Stops all times 135th Street
Stops all times 125th Street Aall times Dall times
Stops all times 116th Street
Stops all times Cathedral Parkway–110th Street
Stops all times 103rd Street
Stops all times 96th Street
Stops all times 86th Street
Stops all times 81st Street–Museum of Natural History
Stops all times 72nd Street
Stops all times 59th Street–Columbus Circle A all times D all times
1 all times (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line)
Stops all times 50th Street E all times
Stops all times 42nd Street–Port Authority Bus Terminal A all times ​​E all times
1 all times 2 all times 3 weekdays only (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line),
7 all times <7> rush hours until 9:30 p.m., peak direction​ (IRT Flushing Line),
B all except late nights D all times N all except late nights Q weekdays until 8:00 p.m. R all times (BMT Broadway Line),
S all times (42nd Street Shuttle)
at Times Square–42nd Street
Port Authority Bus Terminal
Note: Yellow B and D services discontinued
Stops all times 34th Street–Penn Station A all times ​​E all times Amtrak, LIRR, NJ Transit at Pennsylvania Station
Stops all times 23rd Street E all times
Stops all times 14th Street A all times ​​E all times
L all times (BMT Canarsie Line)
Stops all times West Fourth Street–Washington Square A all times ​​E all times
F all times S all times JFK all times except late nights (IND Sixth Avenue Line)
PATH at 9th Street
Note: Grand Street Shuttle and JFK Express discontinued
Stops all times Spring Street E all times
Stops all times Canal Street A all times ​​E all times
Stops all times World Trade Center E all times
A all times (IND Eighth Avenue Line at Chambers Street)
2 weekdays and weekday late nights3 weekdays only (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line at Park Place)
PATH at World Trade Center

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "NYCT Line by Line History". www.erictb.info. Retrieved June 9, 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c d "The ERA Bulletin 2011-11". Issuu. Retrieved June 19, 2016. 
  3. ^ "The New Subway Routes". The New York Times. December 15, 1940. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved June 20, 2016. 
  4. ^ "Service Adjustments on the BMT and IND Lines Effective Midnight, Saturday, August 27 New York City Transit Authority (1977)". Flickr - Photo Sharing!. Retrieved June 9, 2016. 
  5. ^ "Hey, What's a "K" train? 1985 Brochure". Flickr - Photo Sharing!. Retrieved June 17, 2016. 
  6. ^ "System-Wide Changes In Subway Service Effective Sunday, December 11, 1988". Flickr - Photo Sharing!. Retrieved June 17, 2016. 

External links[edit]