K Ingleside

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K Ingleside
K Ingleside logo.svg
Inbound train at Ocean and Victoria, January 2018.JPG
An inbound train at Ocean and Victoria in 2018
Overview
OwnerSan Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency
LocaleSan Francisco, California
Termini
Stations24
Service
TypeLight rail/streetcar
SystemMuni Metro
Operator(s)San Francisco Municipal Railway
Rolling stockBreda LRV2/LRV3, Siemens LRV4
Daily ridership40,600 (2019; combined with T Third Street)[1]
History
OpenedFebruary 3, 1918 (1918-02-03)
Technical
CharacterAt grade and underground
Track gauge4 ft 8+12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge
ElectrificationOverhead line600 V DC
Route diagram

UpperLeft arrow Bay Area Rapid Transit | Up arrow N Judah T Third Street
Left arrow F Market & Wharves | J Church L Taraval M Ocean View S Shuttle
Embarcadero
San Francisco Ferry Building Bay Area Rapid Transit
Montgomery
Bay Area Rapid Transit
Union Square/​Market Street
Central Subway
Powell
Bay Area Rapid Transit
Civic Center
Bay Area Rapid Transit
Van Ness
Church
Castro
F Market & Wharves
to surface tracks on
Market Street (closed 1982)
Eureka Valley
closed
1972
Forest Hill
West Portal
T Third Street S Shuttle
L Taraval to SF Zoo
West Portal and 14th Avenue
St. Francis Circle
M Ocean View
Junipero Serra and Ocean
Ocean and San Leandro
Ocean and Aptos
Ocean and Westgate/Cerritos
Ocean and Fairfield/Victoria
Ocean and Dorado/Jules
Ocean and Miramar
Brighton and Grafton
closed
1952
Ocean and Lee
Phelan Loop
closed
1981
City College
J Church
Balboa Park
Bay Area Rapid Transit
San Jose and Geneva M Ocean View
Mission and Onondaga
closed
1952
M Ocean View

The K Ingleside is a light rail line of the Muni Metro system in San Francisco, California. It mainly serves the West Portal and Ingleside neighborhoods. The line opened on February 3, 1918, and was the first line to use the Twin Peaks Tunnel.

Route description[edit]

At West Portal station, inbound K Ingleside trains become T Third Street trains. The line follows West Portal Avenue to Saint Francis Circle, where it then runs on its own right-of-way in the median of Junipero Serra Boulevard to Ocean Avenue. The K then follows Ocean Avenue until it reaches Balboa Park station, where it circles around the Metro yard at San Jose and Geneva Avenue, with the actual terminal stop alongside the station.

Operation[edit]

The K Ingleside begins service at 5 a.m. on weekdays, 6 a.m. Saturdays and 8 a.m. Sundays, with the end of service occurring around 12:30 a.m. each night. Weekday daytime headways are 10 minutes.[2] Weekend daytime headways are 12 minutes.[3]

Service is provided by overnight Owl buses during the hours that rail service is not running. The L Owl serves the portion between West Portal and Embarcadero, and the 91 Owl serves the portion between Balboa Park and West Portal. The K Owl bus runs a limited number of trips during late nights and early mornings.

Prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, on weekends, service is provided by K Ingleside Bus, which runs from 5 a.m. until the start of rail service. The bus line largely follows the rail line, but it uses surface streets to parallel sections where the rail line has dedicated rights-of-way.[4]

History[edit]

Market Street Railway[edit]

The Market Street Railway opened a branch – built in just six days – of its Mission Street line along Ocean Avenue to Victoria Street on December 4, 1895, to serve the new Ingleside Racetrack.[5] The line was extended to the Ingleside House (where Ocean Avenue now meets Junipero Serra Boulevard) shortly thereafter.[6] The 1906 earthquake damaged many cable car and streetcar lines; in the aftermath, the United Railroads (URR) – successor to the Market Street Railway – closed many cable cars lines and expanded the electric streetcar system. The URR resumed service on the Ocean Avenue line on May 6, 1906; the line (route 12) was soon extended to Ocean Beach via Junipero Serra Boulevard and Sloat Boulevard.[7]

Municipal Railway[edit]

A PCC Streetcar on K Ingleside in 1967

The San Francisco Municipal Railway (Muni) opened its K line along with the Twin Peaks Tunnel on February 3, 1918. The line originally ran from St. Francis Circle station along West Portal Avenue, through the tunnel, along Market Street to Van Ness Avenue (joining the J Church at Church Street), and along existing tracks on Van Ness Avenue to Pine Street. On June 1, 1918, the J and K lines were removed from Van Ness Avenue and extended along Market Street to a loop at the Ferry Building.[7]

The existing URR streetcar service on Ocean Avenue formed a barrier to continued Muni expansion into the Ingleside district. On November 25, 1918, the city and the private URR signed the "Parkside Agreements", which allowed Muni streetcars to use URR trackage on Ocean Avenue as far as Harold Avenue, as well as on Taraval Street, in exchange for a cash payment and shared maintenance costs.[8]: 74  The K Ingleside line was extended south on Junipero Serra Boulevard and east on Ocean Avenue to Miramar Avenue on February 21, 1919. On May 18, it was extended several blocks further east to Brighton Avenue, then two blocks south on Grafton to a stub-end terminal at Grafton Avenue.[7]

Every other inbound car on Sundays and holidays continued onto the L Taraval line (rather than to downtown) beginning on April 13, 1919; this ended on October 21, 1923, when the L Taraval line was extended to downtown at all times.[7] Every other inbound car operated to the new East Bay Terminal beginning on January 15, 1939; all cars ran there starting on January 1, 1941.[7] Muni bought the Market Street Railway (ex-URR) in 1944; route 12 service was removed from Ocean Avenue on April 8, 1945, leaving just the K Ingleside. On April 21, every other outbound K car was extended on Ocean Avenue and Onondaga Street to Mission Street, providing a direct connection to route 14.[7]

On January 21, 1951, the 48 crosstown route replaced streetcars on the K and L lines on evenings and holidays. All-rail service returned on May 18, 1952, at which time the trackage on Brighton Avenue was abandoned and replaced with the Phelan Loop at Phelan Avenue near City College.[8]: 186  Service past the loop to Mission ended on October 10, 1952, although trackage as far as San Jose Avenue was kept for non-revenue moves to the carhouse.[7]

Service was diverted to Duboce Avenue, Church Street, and 17th Street on December 2, 1972, due to construction of the Market Street subway.[9] On April 23, 1979, the line was lengthened to Balboa Park BART Station. Initially, only supplemental trips running from West Portal and using newly-in-service Boeing Light Rail Vehicles (LRVs) served the new extension, weekdays only, and most K-line service continued to use PCC streetcars running from downtown to Phelan Loop.[10] The LRV shuttle service ended in February 1980, and PCC-operated service was extended to Balboa Park but lasted only four months before the weekday service was replaced by a temporary K-L crosstown route using LRVs (and weekend service cut back to Phelan Loop). Additional changes to the service configuration followed until finally on December 17, 1980, the K line became operated as a through service from Embarcadero Station to Balboa Park, using LRVs, on weekdays only.[10] Weekend service continued to use PCC cars until September 1982,[11] when the Muni Metro became fully operational.

From February 2001 to June 7, 2003, K Ingleside service was cut back to St. Francis Circle and replaced by buses on Ocean Avenue for the Ocean Avenue Reconstruction and Improvement Project, a major street repaving and utility replacement project. The Muni tracks and overhead power system were replaced, boarding islands were reconstructed, and accessible platforms built at Ocean and Lee.[12]

Following service changes on June 30, 2007, the K Ingleside and the T Third Street lines were spliced together inside the Market Street subway tunnel,[13] though keeping their respective line designations, resulting in an upside-down horseshoe-shaped route from Balboa Park to Bayshore and Sunnydale. At West Portal Station, inbound K trains heading towards downtown change their signs to the T line; conversely, at Embarcadero Station, T trains heading into downtown change signs to the K line. The trains show the ultimate destination of the spliced lines rather than the intermediate "terminus" of the individual line.

Later changes[edit]

Service on the line was modified from June 25 to August 24, 2018 due to the Twin Peaks Tunnel shutdown. The underground section of the line was closed west of Castro station, while the surface section of the K line was through-routed with the J Church line.[14]

On August 25, 2018, at the conclusion of the shutdown, Muni began running permanently two-car trains on the K/T line (as had been used east of Castro during the shutdown). Because of insufficiently-long boarding islands, the rear car was closed on the Ocean Avenue section of the line.[15] Passengers in the rear car on outbound trains were forced to move to the front car at Junipero Serra and Ocean station, and inbound K trains did not open the rear car to passengers until passing Junipero Serra and Ocean.[16]

On March 30, 2020, Muni Metro service was replaced with buses due to the COVID-19 pandemic.[17] Rail service returned on August 22, 2020, with the routes reconfigured to improve reliability in the subway: K Ingleside and L Taraval service were interlined, running between Taraval and Sunset and Balboa Park station; no K Ingleside or L Taraval service entered the subway. At that time, buses replaced rail service west of Sunset Boulevard to allow for construction. The T Third Street line was interlined with the M Ocean View line instead of the K Ingleside.[18] The forced transfer at West Portal was criticized by disability advocates.[19] K Ingleside light-rail service was replaced again by the K Bus on August 25, 2020 due to issues with malfunctioning overhead wire splices and the need to quarantine control center staff after a positive COVID-19 case.[20]

K Ingleside light-rail service resumed again on May 15, 2021; again, through-routed with T Third Street.[21] On January 7, 2023, the T Third Street line will be rerouted into the Central Subway. It will no longer be interlined with the K Ingleside, which will terminate at Embarcadero.[22]

Future[edit]

Future proposals for the K line include an extension on Geneva Avenue from the Balboa Park station to Bayshore Boulevard, with a connection to the T Third Street line and a possible connection to the Bayshore Caltrain station in Brisbane.[23] This has been identified as a Tier 1 level project. Additional plans include a subway with a portal entrance south of Saint Francis Circle on Junipero Serra Boulevard that connects to the existing Twin Peaks Tunnel, as part of the M Ocean View subway project.[24]

Station listing[edit]

The K Ingleside line stops at concrete boarding islands in the middle of the street next to the tracks. Some stops have raised platforms for accessibility. Stations between West Portal and Embarcadero is only served by the outbound K. But, not the inbound K, as it switches to T at West Portal.

Station/Stop Neighborhood Muni Metro lines Notes and connections
Disabled access Embarcadero Financial District J Church L Taraval M Ocean View N Judah S Shuttle T Third Street
Disabled access Montgomery Street J Church L Taraval M Ocean View N Judah S Shuttle T Third Street
Disabled access Powell Street Mid-Market,
Civic Center,
Tenderloin
J Church L Taraval M Ocean View N Judah S Shuttle T Third Street
Disabled access Civic Center/UN Plaza J Church L Taraval M Ocean View N Judah S Shuttle T Third Street
Disabled access Van Ness J Church L Taraval M Ocean View N Judah S Shuttle T Third Street
Disabled access Church Duboce Triangle,
Mission Dolores
J Church L Taraval M Ocean View S Shuttle T Third Street
Disabled access Castro Castro District L Taraval M Ocean View S Shuttle T Third Street
Disabled access Forest Hill Forest Hill L Taraval M Ocean View S Shuttle T Third Street Bus transport Muni: 36, 43, 44, 52
Disabled access West Portal West Portal L Taraval M Ocean View S Shuttle T Third Street
West Portal and 14th Avenue M Ocean View Bus transport Muni: 57, 91 Owl
Disabled access St. Francis Circle St. Francis Wood M Ocean View Bus transport Muni: 23, 57, 91 Owl
Disabled access Junipero Serra and Ocean Ingleside Terraces,
Balboa Terrace
Bus transport Muni: 57, 91 Owl
Ocean and San Leandro Bus transport Muni: 91 Owl
Ocean and Aptos
Ocean and Westgate (inbound)
Ocean and Cerritos (outbound)
Ingleside Terraces
Ocean and Fairfield (inbound)
Ocean and Victoria (outbound)
Disabled access Ocean and Dorado (inbound)
Disabled access Ocean and Jules (outbound)
Ingleside,
Westwood Park
Ocean and Miramar
Disabled access Ocean and Lee Bus transport Muni: 29, 91 Owl
Disabled access Ocean Avenue/CCSF Pedestrian Bridge
Disabled access Balboa Park Balboa Park J Church M Ocean View

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Short Range Transit Plan: Fiscal Year 2019 - Fiscal Year 2030" (PDF). San Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency. December 2019. p. 47.
  2. ^ Weekday Frequency Guide (Effective October 2, 2021). San Francisco Municipal Transit Agency.
  3. ^ Weekend Frequency Guide (Effective October 2, 2021). San Francisco Municipal Transit Agency.
  4. ^ Aguilar, Enrique (February 10, 2020). "Service Changes Coming February 22". (Press release). San Francisco Municipal Transit Agency. Retrieved November 23, 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  5. ^ Rice, Walter; Echeverria, Emiliano (2002). When Steam Ran on the Streets of San Francisco. Harold E. Cox. p. 66.
  6. ^ Southern Pacific Company (1897). "Guide Map Of The City of San Francisco". H.S. Crocker Co. – via David Rumsey Map Collection.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g Stindt, Fred A. (October 1990). San Francisco's Century of Street Cars. pp. 119, 189. ISBN 0961546514.
  8. ^ a b Perles, Anthony (1981). The People's Railway: The History of the Municipal Railway of San Francisco. Interurban Press. ISBN 0916374424.
  9. ^ Callwell, Robert (September 1999). "Transit in San Francisco: A Selected Chronology, 1850–1995" (PDF). San Francisco Municipal Railway.
  10. ^ a b McKane, John; Perles, Anthony (1982). Inside Muni: The Properties and Operations of the Municipal Railway of San Francisco. Glendale, CA (US): Interurban Press. p. 198. ISBN 0-916374-49-1.
  11. ^ Perles, Anthony (1984). Tours of Discovery: A San Francisco Muni Album. Interurban Press. p. 126. ISBN 0-916374-60-2.
  12. ^ "Grand Re-Opening of Ocean Avenue Celebrated" (Press release). San Francisco Municipal Railway. June 20, 2003. Archived from the original on December 5, 2004. Retrieved February 12, 2020.
  13. ^ Gordon, Rachel (June 4, 2007). "T-Third line causing delays, so officials consider new routes". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2013-12-15.
  14. ^ "Twin Peaks Tunnel Improvements". San Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency. June 25, 2018. Archived from the original on June 26, 2018.
  15. ^ von Krogh, Bonnie Jean (August 24, 2018). "Two-Car Trains Now Permanent on K/T Line" (Press release). San Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency.
  16. ^ "Two-Car Trains on K and T Line". San Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency. 2018. Retrieved August 27, 2018.
  17. ^ Fowler, Amy (March 26, 2020). "Starting March 30: New Muni Service Changes" (Press release). San Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency.
  18. ^ Maguire, Mariana (August 18, 2020). "Major Muni Service Expansion August 22" (Press release). San Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency.
  19. ^ Graf, Carly (August 18, 2020). "Muni 'improvements' could make things harder for seniors, disabled". San Francisco Examiner.
  20. ^ "Bus Substitution for All Rail Lines" (Press release). San Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency. August 25, 2020.
  21. ^ "Welcome Back to the Westside, K Ingleside Trains!" (Press release). San Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency. April 16, 2021.
  22. ^ "Central Subway Opens November 19 with Special Weekend Service" (Press release). San Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency. November 1, 2022.
  23. ^ https://www.sfmta.com/sites/default/files/reports/2016/Draft%20Rail%20Capacity%20Strategy.pdf[bare URL PDF]
  24. ^ https://www.sfmta.com/sites/default/files/projects/2016/Full-size%20rail%20map.pdf[bare URL PDF]

External links[edit]

KML is not from Wikidata

Media related to K Ingleside at Wikimedia Commons