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Kaş town seen from the sea
Kaş town seen from the sea
Location of Kaş within Antalya Province
Location of Kaş within Antalya Province
Kaş is located in Turkey
Coordinates: 36°12′00″N 29°38′30″E / 36.20000°N 29.64167°E / 36.20000; 29.64167Coordinates: 36°12′00″N 29°38′30″E / 36.20000°N 29.64167°E / 36.20000; 29.64167
Country Turkey
 • MayorMutlu Ulutaş (AK Parti)
 • GovernorŞaban Arda Yazıcı
 • District1,866.80 km2 (720.78 sq mi)
0- 700 m (−2,300 ft)
 • Urban
 • District
 • District density29/km2 (74/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
07x xx
Area code(0090)+ 242
Licence plate07

Kaş (Turkish pronunciation: [kaʃ]; Greek: Αντίφελλος, romanizedAntífellos) is a small fishing, diving, yachting and tourist town, and a district of Antalya Province of Turkey, 168 km west of the city of Antalya. As a tourist resort, it is relatively unspoiled.


As the tenth largest district of Antalya as of 2021,[3] Kaş is on a hill running down to the Turquoise Coast of southwestern Turkey. The district has a typical Mediterranean climate of hot, dry summers and mild, wet winters, which allows the growth of oranges, lemons and bananas. The lowland areas are also planted with cut flowers and a variety of fruits and vegetables. Many are grown all year round under glass. The hillsides produce honey and almonds, while at high altitudes there are extensive pine forests. The weather is drier at high altitudes. Although agriculture is still important, tourism is the main source of income in the district, which has many hotels and guest houses.

About 6 km (4 mi) offshore from Kaş is the Greek islet of Kastelórizo (in Turkish Meis Adası) [4][5][6] served by a Turkish ferry daily with the option of same day returns.



Although the Teke peninsula has been occupied since the Stone Age, it seems Kaş was founded by the Lycians, and its name in Lycian language was Habesos or Habesa. It was a member of the Lycian League, and its importance during this time is confirmed by the presence of one of the richest Lycian necropoleis.

In the Hellenistic period and under the Roman Empire it served as the port of Phellus. For information on its history at that time and on its archaeological remains, see the article on Antiphellus, the name by which it was known at that time.

Historic map of Kaş by Piri Reis
A street in Kaş with traditional houses and a Lycian tomb in the background
Artificial wreck of a Douglas DC-3, one of about 50 dive spots in the vicinity of Kaş

The town suffered because of Arab incursions, then was annexed (under the name of Andifli) to the Anatolian Sultanate of Rum, led by the Seljuks. After the demise of the Seljuks, it came under the Ottomans.

In 1923, because of the forcible exchange of populations between Greece and Turkey after the Greco-Turkish War, population of Greek origin in the area left for Greece.[7]

In the early 1990s tourism started booming in Kaş, with visitors mainly from the UK and Germany. This growth of tourism brought an explosion in apartment building (often without license), which is seriously threatening the landscape and the environment. Particularly affected is the Çukurbağ Peninsula, west of the town, which now has luxury hotels built on it.


The tourist industry is centered on the pleasant town of Kaş, but many other coastal towns and villages in the district have plenty of accommodation for visitors including Kalkan and Gelemiş. The district can be reached from both Antalya and Dalaman airports, as there is no airport in Kaş.

Kaş itself is a quiet pleasant town with its turquoise blue sea and narrow streets scented with jasmine flowers. There are plenty of little guest houses, quiet cafes serving home cooking, or small bars to relax and listen to live music after a day's scuba diving. Kaş has an annual arts festival, jazz concerts in the Hellenistic theatre and the Kiln Under the Sea arts collective have held underwater ceramics exhibitions here.

Kaş is one of the leading spots for scuba diving in Turkey. Its visited by beginners as well as advanced divers.[8] There are more than 15 dive centers and diving schools, mostly located at the local port. They offer guided diving trips to the 50 dive spots in the vicinity. Diving in Kaş offers an array of fish and other sea creatures like octopus and sea turtles.

Besides the biological diversity, Kaş offers a vast variety of underwater cultural heritage. Among various wreck sites, six artificial wrecks are worth visiting. These wrecks are submerged to create artificial reefs and touristic diving spots. There are two historically important wreck sites, an airplane from World War II and a cargo ship from the 1950s sunk near the small islands in the extremities of Kaş. One last important diving spot is the "Kaş Archaeopark Site", an experimental archaeology project conducted by the Underwater Research Society (Sualtı Araştırmaları Derneği-SAD) in 2006.[9] In this scientific project, an interpretative reconstruction of the Uluburun wreck and its cargo is placed underwater.

Outdoor sport activities attract the more adventurous visitors of Kas, especially small group holidays from Europe and independent travellers. Popular adventures include:

  • Sea Kayaking at Kekova
  • Mountainbiking the backcountry
  • Trekking the Lycian Way
  • Canyoning in the Kibris Canyon

On Fridays, Greek visitors from Kastelorizo visit the markets of Kaş, including the central city market full local products and produce grown in the surrounding villages.


According to the 2010 census, the town has 7,041 residents and the whole district (together with the villages) has 53,135 inhabitants.[10] Kaş has five municipalities (Gömbe, Kalkan, Kınık, Ova and Yeşilköy) and 48 villages.

Ancient Lycian tomb in Kaş.

The population of inhabited places is as follows according to the 2007 census (Municipalities are shown in bold):

Town/village Population (2007)
Kaş 5.922
Ağıllı 692
Ahatlı 185
Aklar 408
Akörü 356
Bayındır 653
Beldibi 314
Belenli 398
Belkonak 35
Bezirgan 1.458
Boğazcık 184
Cemre 260
Çamlıköy 280
Çamlıova 156
Çataloluk 153
Çavdır 2.482
Çayköy 1.320
Çerler 62
Çeşmeköy 185
Çukurbağ 492
Dereköy 165
Dirgenler 547
Doğantaş 484
Gedikbaşı 303
Gelemiş 713
Gökçeören 129
Gökçeyazı 872
Gömbe 1.774
Hacıoğlu 267
İkizce 180
İslamlar 2.034
Kalkan 2.259
Karadağ 1.055
Kasaba 1.168
Kemerköy 510
Kılıçlı 231
Kılıçlıyayla 272
Kınık 5.526
Kızılağaç 217
Ortabağ 257
Ova 5.126
Palamut 1.043
Pınarbaşı 112
Sarıbelen 800
Sarılar 145
Sinneli 141
Sütleğen 878
Uğrar 781
Üzümlü 1.382
Yaylapalamut 290
Yeniköy 61
Yeşilbarak 281
Yeşilköy 3.311
Yuvacık 320
Total 49.629

Places of interest[edit]

Nightfall in Kaş
  • The town of Kaş has a Hellenistic theatre and many other places of historical interest, as well as beaches, and a number of caves, some of them underwater.[citation needed]
  • For scuba divers there are several spots underwater, one of them being an underwater sculpture of a shark sculpted by Kemal Tufan and another being a submerged Douglas DC-3 plane.[11]
  • Beaches worth visiting: Kaputaş Plajı, small Seyrekcakil Plaji or Belediyesi Halk Plajı[12]
  • For sailors, a new marina with facilities for short and long stay has been opened.[citation needed][when?]
  • The mountains behind the coast have places for trekking, climbing and canyoning.[citation needed]
  • The ruins of the antique cities of Komba (in the village of Gömbe), Nisa, Kandyba, Phellos, Istlada, Apollonia, Isinda and Kyaenai.
  • A common excursion from Kaş is Kekova island in the neighbouring district of Demre. Here in the bays there are a number of wrecks of ancient ships and ancient cities sunk under the sea by earthquakes over the centuries. The sea is so clear that the details of city buildings such as staircases or columns can be seen from the boat.[citation needed] The area is also used for sea kayaking. In December 2006, Kaş was added to the specially protected Kekova marine area in order to preserve its rich biodiversity.[13]


Panoramic from Kaş, with bight and the offshore islands. On the left side the island of Kastelorizo (Turkish: Meis) is visible.

See also[edit]

The Marina of Kaş by night


  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 5 March 2013.
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 27 February 2013.
  3. ^ "Kaş, Antalya - Ansiklopedika Viki" (in Turkish). 23 September 2022. Retrieved 23 September 2022.
  4. ^ "Meis Adası" (in Turkish). Kaş Rehberi. Retrieved 25 November 2021.
  5. ^ "Nisos Megisti". gr.geoview.info. Retrieved 26 November 2021.
  6. ^ Bertarelli, p. 131
  7. ^ Darke, Diana (1986). Guide to Aegean and Mediterranean Turkey. M. Haag. p. 160. ISBN 9780902743342.
  8. ^ "10 Unique Experiences in Turkey – Tripoetic Blog". Tripoetic Blog. 5 April 2016. Retrieved 21 February 2017.
  9. ^ Underwater Research Society. "Official web page".
  10. ^ Statistical Institute[permanent dead link]
  11. ^ "Freedivers hold their breath to plunge 70ft below the waves to explore WW2 plane". 15 December 2014.
  12. ^ Gac, Evelyn (2 September 2022). "Kaş: TOP Gem of Turkey to Visit". Where Is Evelyn. Retrieved 5 September 2022.
  13. ^ "More marine protection for Turkey's Lycian coast". World Wildlife Fund. Retrieved 30 December 2006.


  • Hazlitt, William (1851). The Classical Gazetteer: A Dictionary of Ancient geography Sacred & Profane. Whittaker, London.
  • Bertarelli, L.V. (1929). Guida d'Italia, Vol. XVII (in Italian). Milano: Consociazione Turistica Italiana.

External links[edit]