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Kaʻula Island, also called Kaʻula Rock, is a small, crescent-shaped island in the Hawaiian Islands.
In the legend of Papa and Wākea, Kaʻula is the seventh-born child.
It is located 23 mi (20 nmi; 37 km) west-southwest of Kawaihoa Point on Niʻihau, and about 150 nmi (173 mi; 278 km) west of Honolulu. The island is the top of a volcanic tuff cone that rests on top of a larger, submerged shield volcano. At its highest point, the island reaches a height of 548 ft (167 m). The ocean has carved large sea cliffs on the sides of the island. There is a large cave on the northwest side of the island called Kahalauaola (Shark Cave).
The United States Census Bureau defines Kaʻula as Census Tract 411 of Kauaʻi County, Hawaiʻi. The 2000 census showed that the uninhabited island had a land area of 158.2 acres (0.640 km2; 0.2472 sq mi). Because of erosion, the island is slowly shrinking.
Kaʻula, which he spelled as "Tahoora", was one of the first five islands sighted by Captain James Cook in 1778.
A lighthouse was completed on the island in 1932 by the United States Lighthouse Service, which became part of the United States Coast Guard in 1939. The lighthouse remained in operation through 1947.
The island has been used as a bombing range by the United States Navy since at least 1952. Inert ordnance is currently used, although live explosive ordnance has been used in the past. There is a risk of unexploded ordnance on the island. Permission from the U.S. Navy is required to land on the island. In 1978, over the objection of the U.S. Navy, the state of Hawaiʻi claimed ownership of Kaʻula and named the island a State Seabird Sanctuary. A final determination of ownership has not yet been made, and the Navy still uses the southeast point of the island as an aerial bombing and strafing target.
Kaʻula is uninhabited, but fishermen and scuba divers frequently visit the island. Five Fathom Pinnacle, 3 mi (2.6 nmi; 4.8 km) west-northwest of Kaʻula, is also a noted dive spot.
- ^ Kaula Volcano John Seach, Volcano Live
- ^ Kaʻula Island Archived 2004-09-05 at the Wayback Machine NOAA Ship Townsend Cromwell, Student Connection
- ^ Census Tract 411, Kauaʻi County United States Census Bureau
- ^ U.S. Coast Pilot 7, Chapter 14, p. 634
- ^ Underwater Photos from Five Fathom Pinnacle
- Tabrah, Ruth M. (1987). Niʻihau, the last Hawaiian island. Press Pacifica. ISBN 0-916630-59-5.
- Tava, Rerioterai; Keale, Moses K. (1998). Niihau, the traditions of a Hawaiian island. Mutual Publishing. ISBN 0-935180-80-X. Archived from the original on 2013-05-24. Retrieved 2009-05-28.
- Offshore Islet Restoration Committee, Kaula
- Kaʻula Island
- Nautical Chart Containing Kaʻula Island
- Kaula Rock Photos Photographs of Kaʻula Island, May 2008
- "Kaula". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2021-06-28.