Ka (kana)

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ka
transliterationka
translit. with dakutenga
translit. with handakuten(nga)
hiragana origin
katakana origin
spelling kana為替のカ
(Kawase no "ka")

, in hiragana or in katakana, is one of the Japanese kana, which each represent one mora. Both represent [ka]. The shapes of these kana both originate from 加.

The character can be combined with a dakuten, to form in hiragana, ガ in katakana and ga in Hepburn romanization. The phonetic value of the modified character is [ɡa] in initial positions and varying between [ŋa] and [ɣa] in the middle of words.

A handakuten (゜) does not occur with ka in normal Japanese text, but it may be used by linguists to indicate a nasal pronunciation [ŋa].

か is the most commonly used interrogatory particle. It is also sometimes used to delimit choices.

が is used to denote the focus of attention in a sentence, especially to the grammatical subject.

Historical usage in Yōon くゎ Current usage in .

Form Rōmaji Hiragana Katakana
Normal k-
(か行 ka-gyō)
ka
kaa
, kah
かあ, かぁ
かー
カア, カァ
カー
Addition dakuten g-
(が行 ga-gyō)
ga
gaa
, gah
があ, がぁ
がー
ガア, ガァ
ガー

Stroke order[edit]

Stroke order in writing か
Stroke order in writing か
Stroke order in writing カ
Stroke order in writing か

The Hiragana か is made with three strokes:

  1. A horizontal line which turns and ends in a hook facing left.
  2. A curved vertical line that cuts through the first line.
  3. A small curved line on the right.
Stroke order in writing カ

The Katakana カ is made with two strokes:

  1. A horizontal line which turns and ends in a hook facing left.
  2. A curved vertical line that cuts through the first line.


Other communicative representations[edit]

Japanese radiotelephony alphabet Wabun code
為替のカ
Kawase no "Ka"
About this sound▄▄▄▄▄
ICS Lima.svg

Japanese Semaphore Basic Stroke 8.svgJapanese Semaphore Basic Stroke 3.svg

Ka-jsl-yubimoji.png ⠡
Japanese Navy Signal Flag Japanese semaphore Japanese manual syllabary (fingerspelling) Braille dots-16
Japanese Braille
  • Full Braille representation
か / カ in Japanese Braille Other kana based on Braille
か / カ
ka
が / ガ
ga
かあ / カー
があ / ガー
きゃ / キャ
kya
ぎゃ / ギャ
gya
きゃあ / キャー
kyā
ぎゃあ / ギャー
gyā
⠡ (braille pattern dots-16) ⠐ (braille pattern dots-5)⠡ (braille pattern dots-16) ⠡ (braille pattern dots-16)⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠐ (braille pattern dots-5)⠡ (braille pattern dots-16)⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠈ (braille pattern dots-4)⠡ (braille pattern dots-16) ⠘ (braille pattern dots-45)⠡ (braille pattern dots-16) ⠈ (braille pattern dots-4)⠡ (braille pattern dots-16)⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠘ (braille pattern dots-45)⠡ (braille pattern dots-16)⠒ (braille pattern dots-25)
Character information
Preview
Unicode name HIRAGANA LETTER KA KATAKANA LETTER KA HALFWIDTH KATAKANA LETTER KA HIRAGANA LETTER SMALL KA KATAKANA LETTER SMALL KA
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 12363 U+304B 12459 U+30AB 65398 U+FF76 12437 U+3095 12533 U+30F5
UTF-8 227 129 139 E3 81 8B 227 130 171 E3 82 AB 239 189 182 EF BD B6 227 130 149 E3 82 95 227 131 181 E3 83 B5
Numeric character reference か か カ カ カ カ ゕ ゕ ヵ ヵ
Shift JIS (plain)[1] 130 169 82 A9 131 74 83 4A 182 B6 131 149 83 95
Shift JIS-2004[2] 130 169 82 A9 131 74 83 4A 182 B6 130 243 82 F3 131 149 83 95
EUC-JP (plain)[3] 164 171 A4 AB 165 171 A5 AB 142 182 8E B6 165 245 A5 F5
EUC-JIS-2004[4] 164 171 A4 AB 165 171 A5 AB 142 182 8E B6 164 245 A4 F5 165 245 A5 F5
GB 18030[5] 164 171 A4 AB 165 171 A5 AB 132 49 151 56 84 31 97 38 129 57 166 55 81 39 A6 37 165 245 A5 F5
EUC-KR[6] / UHC[7] 170 171 AA AB 171 171 AB AB 171 245 AB F5
Big5 (non-ETEN kana)[8] 198 175 C6 AF 199 67 C7 43 199 175 C7 AF
Big5 (ETEN / HKSCS)[9] 198 241 C6 F1 199 167 C7 A7 199 241 C7 F1
Character information
Preview か゚ カ゚
Unicode name HIRAGANA LETTER GA KATAKANA LETTER GA HIRAGANA LETTER BIDAKUON NGA[10] KATAKANA LETTER BIDAKUON NGA[10] CIRCLED KATAKANA KA
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 12364 U+304C 12460 U+30AC 12363 12442 U+304B+309A 12459 12442 U+30AB+309A 13013 U+32D5
UTF-8 227 129 140 E3 81 8C 227 130 172 E3 82 AC 227 129 139 227 130 154 E3 81 8B E3 82 9A 227 130 171 227 130 154 E3 82 AB E3 82 9A 227 139 149 E3 8B 95
Numeric character reference が が ガ ガ か゚ か゚ カ゚ カ゚ ㋕ ㋕
Shift JIS (plain)[1] 130 170 82 AA 131 75 83 4B
Shift JIS-2004[2] 130 170 82 AA 131 75 83 4B 130 245 82 F5 131 151 83 97
EUC-JP (plain)[3] 164 172 A4 AC 165 172 A5 AC
EUC-JIS-2004[4] 164 172 A4 AC 165 172 A5 AC 164 247 A4 F7 165 247 A5 F7
GB 18030[5] 164 172 A4 AC 165 172 A5 AC 129 57 210 49 81 39 D2 31
EUC-KR[6] / UHC[7] 170 172 AA AC 171 172 AB AC
Big5 (non-ETEN kana)[8] 198 176 C6 B0 199 68 C7 44
Big5 (ETEN / HKSCS)[9] 198 242 C6 F2 199 168 C7 A8

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Unicode Consortium (2015-12-02) [1994-03-08]. "Shift-JIS to Unicode".
  2. ^ a b Project X0213 (2009-05-03). "Shift_JIS-2004 (JIS X 0213:2004 Appendix 1) vs Unicode mapping table".
  3. ^ a b Unicode Consortium; IBM. "EUC-JP-2007". International Components for Unicode.
  4. ^ a b Project X0213 (2009-05-03). "EUC-JIS-2004 (JIS X 0213:2004 Appendix 3) vs Unicode mapping table".
  5. ^ a b Standardization Administration of China (SAC) (2005-11-18). GB 18030-2005: Information Technology—Chinese coded character set.
  6. ^ a b Unicode Consortium; IBM. "IBM-970". International Components for Unicode.
  7. ^ a b Steele, Shawn (2000). "cp949 to Unicode table". Microsoft / Unicode Consortium.
  8. ^ a b Unicode Consortium (2015-12-02) [1994-02-11]. "BIG5 to Unicode table (complete)".
  9. ^ a b van Kesteren, Anne. "big5". Encoding Standard. WHATWG.
  10. ^ a b Unicode Consortium. "Unicode Named Character Sequences". Unicode Character Database.

See also[edit]