Kabalikat ng Malayang Pilipino

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Kabalikat ng Malayang Pilipino
(KAMPI)
LeaderGloria Macapagal Arroyo
PresidentRonaldo Puno
ChairpersonTingting Cojuangco
SpokespersonEmigdio Tanjuatco
FounderPeping Cojuangco
Founded1997
Dissolved2008
Split fromLaban ng Demokratikong Pilipino
Merged intoLakas–CMD
Headquarters7th Floor, L.T.A. Building, 118 Perea St. cor Legazpi St., Makati, Philippines
IdeologyPopulism
Political positionCentre-right
ColoursGold, white, blue

The Kabalikat ng Malayang Pilipino (KAMPI), formerly known as the Kabalikat ng Mamamayang Pilipino, was a political party in the Philippines. It is the main party of former President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo. In June 2008, Kampi merged into the Lakas–CMD.

History[edit]

KAMPI was formed during the run up to the 1998 presidential elections as the vehicle for then Senator Arroyo's presidential campaign, after she defected from the Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino, the party she had been with since she was first elected in 1995. Vicente Sotto III was picked to be her running mate. Before the filing of candidacies, she decided to be the running mate of then Lakas-NUCD-UMDP presidential hopeful Jose de Venecia. As a result, KAMPI coalesced with Lakas-NUCD-UMDP during the 1998 presidential elections.

There were no results available of the last elections for the House of Representatives, but according to the website of the House, the party holds 26 out of 235 seats (State of the Parties, June 2005). The party was at the 2004 elections member of the Koalisyon ng Katapatan at Karanasan sa Kinabukasan (K-4, Coalition of Truth and Experience for Tomorrow), the coalition that supported president Gloria Macapagal Arroyo, who won the 2004 presidential elections. Many legislators of the Lakas-Christian Muslim Democrats defected to Kampi.

Currently, KAMPI is actively recruiting members to bolster its chances to be the biggest party in the country jeopardizing its alliance with Lakas CMD because they are raiding local officials allied with Lakas CMD or they are fielding candidates against incumbent administration officials.

As of March 24, 2007, KAMPI is said to have 67 members of the House of Representatives, 23 provincial governors, and 650 out of the 1610 mayors all over the country. In the May 14, 2007 election, the party won 47 seats.[1]

On January 31, 2008, Kabalikat ng Malayang Pilipino (KAMPI) announced that 134 congressman signed a manifesto of "loss of confidence" versus Speaker Jose de Venecia, Jr. Camarines Sur 2nd District Rep. Luis Villafuerte, KAMPI president, said the successor should be Davao City 1st district Rep. Prospero Nograles.[2]

Merger with Lakas-CMD[edit]

Former President and Lakas-CMD Chairman Emeritus Fidel V. Ramos announced on February 6, 2008, that Lakas-CMD would be the surviving entity after its merger with KAMPI.[3]

Gloria Macapagal Arroyo on June 18, 2008, confirmed the historical merger of the Lakas Christian Muslim Democrats (Lakas-CMD) and the Kabalikat ng Malayang Pilipino (Kampi) parties. Both parties adopted the “equity of the incumbent” principle, as the merger will account for almost 200 national and 8,000 local officials, amid Mrs. Arroyo's prediction of 2010 elections victory. Prospero Nograles, Lakas President and Kampi Chair Ronaldo Puno signed the covenant at the Davao City regional caucus.[4][5]

Electoral performance[edit]

Presidential and vice presidential elections[edit]

Year Presidential election Vice presidential election
Candidate Vote share Result Candidate Vote share Result
1998 None[n 1] Joseph Estrada
(PMP)
Gloria Macapagal Arroyo[n 2]
49.56%
Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
(Lakas/KAMPI)
2004 Gloria Macapagal Arroyo[n 3]
39.99%
Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
(Lakas/KAMPI)
None[n 4] Noli de Castro
(Independent)

Legislative elections[edit]

Congress of the Philippines
House of Representatives Senate
Year Seats won Result Year Seats won Ticket Result
1998
0 / 257
Lakas plurality 1998 Not participating LAMMP win 7/12 seats
2001
3 / 256
Lakas plurality[n 5] 2001 Not participating People Power Coalition win 8/13 seats
2004
30 / 261
Lakas plurality[n 6] 2004 Not participating K4 win 7/12 seats
2007
44 / 271
Lakas plurality 2007
1 / 12
TEAM Unity Genuine Opposition win 8/12 seats
  1. ^ Arroyo's running mate was Jose De Venecia of the Lakas.
  2. ^ Arroyo mainly running under Lakas–CMD
  3. ^ Arroyo mainly running under Lakas–CMD
  4. ^ Arroyo's running mate was Senator Noli De Castro who is an independent.
  5. ^ 2 of KAMPI members are running under Lakas–CMD and another 1 under Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino
  6. ^ 4 of KAMPI members are running under Lakas–CMD and another 1 under Nationalist People's Coalition

Notable members[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]