Map of Benguet with Kabayan highlighted
|Region||Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)|
|District||Lone district of Benguet|
|Barangays||13 (see Barangays)|
|• Type||Sangguniang Bayan|
|• Mayor||Gideon Todiano|
|• Electorate||8,547 voters (2016)|
|• Total||242.69 km2 (93.70 sq mi)|
|Population (2015 census)|
|• Density||63/km2 (160/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
|IDD : area code||+63 (0)74|
|Income class||4th municipal income class|
Kabayan, officially the Municipality of Kabayan (Ilocano: Ili ti Kabayan; Filipino: Bayan ng Kabayan), is a municipality in the province of Benguet in the Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) of the Philippines. The population was 15,260 at the 2015 census. In the 2016 electoral roll, it had 8,547 registered voters.
The third highest mountain in the Philippines, Mount Pulag, is located in the territorial boundary of the vegetable farming town.
The name Kabayan was derived from the term Kaba-ayan, from the Ibaloi word ba-ay, a root crop vine thriving in the place. Most of the early Ibaloi settlements, in the area, which include Eddet and Duacan, were named after grasses in the heavily-forested area.
In the late 1800s, Spanish colonizers reached Kabayan via trails constructed throughout the mountain region. Organized into three rancherias, namely Adaoay, Kabayan, and Lutab (or Dutab), Kabayan was registered under the comandancia politico-militar of Benguet in 1846. Lutab (currently barangay Poblacion or Kabayan Central) was later integrated into the Kabayan rancheria.
During the American rule, Kabayan and Adaoay were established as two of the 19 townships of the province of Benguet, upon the issuance of Act No. 48 by the Philippine Commission on November 22, 1900.
On August 13, 1908, Benguet was established as a sub-province of the newly created Mountain Province with the enactment of Act No. 1876. Six townships of Benguet were later abolished, including Adaoay, which was integrated into the township of Kabayan.
On June 25, 1963, then-President Diosdado Macapagal issued Executive Order No. 42 converting eight (8) of the thirteen (13) towns (designated as municipal districts) of Benguet sub-province into regular municipalities. Kabayan was among them.
On June 18, 1966, the sub-province of Benguet was separated from the old Mountain Province and was converted into a regular province. Kabayan remained to be a component municipality of the newly established province.
According to the Philippine Statistics Authority, the municipality has a land area of 242.69 square kilometres (93.70 sq mi)  constituting 8.76% of the 2,769.08-square-kilometre- (1,069.15 sq mi) total area of Benguet.
In the 2010 Census of Population and Housing, Barangay Anchukey was registered as the least populous barangay in the province of Benguet.
|Population census of Kabayan|
In the 2015 census, Kabayan had a population of 15,260. The population density was 63 inhabitants per square kilometre (160/sq mi).
In the 2016 electoral roll, it had 8,547 registered voters.
Kabayan is best known for the antiquated centuries-old mummies and Mount Pulag, the third highest mountain in the Philippines. The Kabayan mummy burial caves are officially proclaimed Philippine National Cultural Treasures pursuant to Presidential Decree No. 374, and is under consideration as a World Heritage Site. The mummified body of Apo Annu, a tribal leader, was stolen but recovered by an antique collector and was returned to the town. Archaeologists from various countries have visited the town to promote preservation of the mummies due to deterioration of the cadavers. The caves containing the cadavers of these mummies have been declared by Monument Watch as one of the "100 Most Endangered Sites" in the world.
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- "Republic Act No. 4695: An Act Creating the Provinces of Benguet, Mountain Province, Ifugao and Kalinga-Apayao". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. 18 June 1966. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 12 December 2016.
- "Municipal: Kabayan, Benguet". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
- "Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)". Census of Population and Housing (2010): Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay (Report). NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
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- "Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)". Census of Population (1995, 2000 and 2007): Total Population by Province, City and Municipality (Report). NSO. Archived from the original on 24 June 2011.
- "Kabayan Mummy Burial Caves". Tentative Lists. UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Archived from the original on 25 May 2016. Retrieved 13 August 2013.
- "The Kabayan Branch". National Museum of the Philippines. Archived from the original on 30 March 2016. Retrieved 13 August 2013.
- "Masterlist of Public Elementary Schools for the School year 2012- 2013" (XLSX). Department of Education (Philippines), July 15, 2013. Retrieved 28 December 2014.
- "Masterlist of Secondary Schools (School Year 2013- 2014)" (XLSX). Department of Education (Philippines), 4 July 2013. Retrieved 20 November 2014.
- "Masterlist of Public Schools SY 2013-2014" (XLSX). Department of Education (Philippines), 22 October 2014. Retrieved 28 December 2014.
|Atok||Bokod||Kayapa, Nueva Vizcaya|