Kabul to Kandahar Star

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Kabul to Kandahar Star
Kabul to Kandahar Star obverse.jpgKabul to Kandahar Star reverse.jpg
Obverse and reverse of the medal
Awarded by UK
Type Campaign medal
Eligibility British and British Indian Army
Awarded for Campaign Service
Campaign(s) Relief of Kandahar, 9–31 August 1880
Statistics
Established 1882
Related Afghanistan Medal (United Kingdom)
Kabul to Kandahar Star ribbon.png
Ribbon bar of the medal[1]

The Kabul to Kandahar Star, also known as the Roberts Star or Kandahar Bronze Star was awarded to those British and Indian troops who participated in the 320 mile march from Kabul to Kandahar in Afghanistan between 9–31 August 1880, under the command of General Frederick Roberts.[2] In addition, it was awarded to the troops stationed en route at Kelat-i-Ghilzie, who accompanied General Roberts on the final ninety miles to Kandahar.[1]

An episode of the Second Afghan War, the march took place to relieve Kandahar, where a British force was being besieged by Afghan forces. On reaching Kandahar, Roberts decisively beat the Afghans on 1 September 1880 at the Battle of Kandahar and lifted the siege. The war was concluded soon after.[3]

Just over 11,000 were awarded,[4] all recipients also receiving the Afghanistan Medal, usually with the 'Kandahar' bar.[1]

The march received much publicity in the United Kingdom, and its success was a cause of much celebration. This explains why a special medal was authorised, even though those involved had already qualified for the Afghanistan Medal. General Roberts was surprised at the strength of the public reaction, which he attributed to:

"the glamour of romance thrown around an army of 10,000 men lost to view, as it were, for nearly a month, about the fate of which uninformed speculation was rife and pessimistic rumours were spread, until the tension became extreme, and the corresponding relief proportionably great when that army reappeared to dispose at once of Ayub Khan, [the Afghan commander] and his hitherto victorious troops."[5]

Description[edit]

The medal is a bronze five-pointed star 62mm high and 48mm wide, suspended by the Imperial Crown. It was made from guns captured at the Battle of Kandahar.[6]

Obverse: in the middle is the royal monogram VRI, surrounded by the text "Kabul to Kandahar 1880".

Reverse: plain with a hollow centre, with the name of the recipient around the edge.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Joslin, Litherland and Simpkin. British Battles and Medals. p. 157. Published Spink, London. 1988. 
  2. ^ United Kingdom: Kabul to Kandahar Star, Medals of the World, accessed 28 December 2010
  3. ^ Wilkinson-Latham, Robert (1998) [1977]. North-West Frontier 1837–1947. London: Osprey Publishing. pp. 16–17. ISBN 0-85045-275-9. 
  4. ^ Field Marshal Lord Roberts, Forty-one Years in India, 1897. Combatant strength of force put at 9,986 (pp 475-6) plus staff, and circa 1,000 who joined at Kelat-i-Ghilzie (p 481).
  5. ^ Field Marshal Lord Roberts, Forty-one Years in India, 1897, page 496.
  6. ^ H. Taprell Dorling. Ribbons and Medals. p. 67. Published A. H. Baldwin & Son, London. 1956.