Kabul to Kandahar Star
|Kabul to Kandahar Star|
Obverse and reverse of the medal
|Awarded by UK|
|Eligibility||British and British Indian Army|
|Awarded for||Campaign Service|
|Campaign(s)||Relief of Kandahar, 9–31 August 1880|
|Related||Afghanistan Medal (United Kingdom)|
Ribbon bar of the medal
The Kabul to Kandahar Star, also known as the Roberts Star or Kandahar Bronze Star was awarded to those British and Indian troops who participated in the 320 mile march from Kabul to Kandahar in Afghanistan between 9–31 August 1880, under the command of General Frederick Roberts. In addition, it was awarded to the troops stationed en route at Kelat-i-Ghilzie, who accompanied General Roberts on the final ninety miles to Kandahar.
An episode of the Second Afghan War, the march took place to relieve Kandahar, where a British force was being besieged by Afghan forces. On reaching Kandahar, Roberts decisively beat the Afghans on 1 September 1880 at the Battle of Kandahar and lifted the siege. The war was concluded soon after.
The march received much publicity in the United Kingdom, and its success was a cause of much celebration. This explains why a special medal was authorised, even though those involved had already qualified for the Afghanistan Medal. General Roberts was surprised at the strength of the public reaction, which he attributed to:
"the glamour of romance thrown around an army of 10,000 men lost to view, as it were, for nearly a month, about the fate of which uninformed speculation was rife and pessimistic rumours were spread, until the tension became extreme, and the corresponding relief proportionably great when that army reappeared to dispose at once of Ayub Khan, [the Afghan commander] and his hitherto victorious troops."
Obverse: in the middle is the royal monogram VRI, surrounded by the text "Kabul to Kandahar 1880".
Reverse: plain with a hollow centre, with the name of the recipient around the edge.
- Joslin, Litherland and Simpkin. British Battles and Medals. p. 157. Published Spink, London. 1988.
- United Kingdom: Kabul to Kandahar Star, Medals of the World, accessed 28 December 2010
- Wilkinson-Latham, Robert (1998) . North-West Frontier 1837–1947. London: Osprey Publishing. pp. 16–17. ISBN 0-85045-275-9.
- Field Marshal Lord Roberts, Forty-one Years in India, 1897. Combatant strength of force put at 9,986 (pp 475-6) plus staff, and circa 1,000 who joined at Kelat-i-Ghilzie (p 481).
- Field Marshal Lord Roberts, Forty-one Years in India, 1897, page 496.
- H. Taprell Dorling. Ribbons and Medals. p. 67. Published A. H. Baldwin & Son, London. 1956.