Kachwaha

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Kachwaha
Vansh Suryavansha
Ruled in Dhundhar
Princely states: Narwar
Jaipur
Alwar
Maihar
Morena
States, established by sub-clans
The Pachrang flag of the former Jaipur state. Prior to the adoption of the Pachrang (five coloured) flag by Raja Man Singh I of Amber, the original flag of the Kachwahas was known as the "Jharshahi (tree-marked) flag".

The Kachwaha are a caste group with origins in India. Traditionally they were peasants involved in agriculture but in the 20th century they began to make claims of being a Rajput clan. Some families within the caste did rule a number of kingdoms and princely states, such as Alwar, Amber (later called Jaipur) and Maihar.

The Kachwaha are sometimes referred to as Kushwaha, who claim descent from the mythological Suryavansh (Solar) dynasty via Kusha, who was one of the twin sons of Rama, king of ancient Ayodhya.[1]

Rulers[edit]

A Kachwaha family ruled at Amber, which later became known as the Jaipur State, and this branch is sometimes referred to as being Rajput. They were chiefs at Amber and in 1561 sought support from Akbar, the Mughal emperor. The then chief, Bharamail Kachwaha, was formally recognised as a Raja and was invested into the Mughal nobility in return for him giving his daughter to Akbar's harem.[2][3] A governor was appointed to oversee Bharamail's territory and a tribute arrangement saw Bharamail given a salaried rank, paid for from a share of the area's revenue. The Rajput practice of giving daughters to the Mughal emperors in return for recognition as nobility and the honour of fighting on behalf of the Empire originated in this arrangement and thus the Mughals were often able to assert their dominance over Rajput chiefs in north India without needing to physically intimidate them, especially after their rout of rulers in Gondwana.[4][5]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

Notes

Citations

  1. ^ George S. Cuhaj; Thomas Michael (29 November 2012). Standard Catalog of World Coins - 1801-1900. Krause Publications. pp. 688–. ISBN 1-4402-3085-4. 
  2. ^ Raj Kumar (2003). Essays on Medieval India. Discovery Publishing House. pp. 294–. ISBN 978-81-7141-683-7. Retrieved 9 July 2017. 
  3. ^ Sailendra Nath Sen (2007). Textbook of Indian History and Culture. Macmillan India Limited. pp. 167–. ISBN 978-1-4039-3200-6. 
  4. ^ Wadley, Susan Snow (2004). Raja Nal and the Goddess: The North Indian Epic Dhola in Performance. Indiana University Press. pp. 110–111. ISBN 9780253217240. 
  5. ^ Sadasivan, Balaji (2011). The Dancing Girl: A History of Early India. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. pp. 233–234. ISBN 9789814311670. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Bayley C. (1894) Chiefs and Leading Families In Rajputana
  • Henige, David (2004). Princely states of India;A guide to chronology and rulers
  • Jyoti J. (2001) Royal Jaipur
  • Krishnadatta Kavi, Gopalnarayan Bahura(editor) (1983) Pratapa Prakasa, a contemporary account of life in the court at Jaipur in the late 18th century
  • Khangarot, R.S., and P.S. Nathawat (1990). Jaigarh- The invincible Fort of Amber
  • Topsfield, A. (1994). Indian paintings from Oxford collections
  • Tillotson, G. (2006). Jaipur Nama, Penguin books