In 1887, Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway built a branch line from Neva (3 miles west of Strong City) through Kackley to Superior, Nebraska. In 1996, the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway merged with Burlington Northern Railroad and renamed to the current BNSF Railway. Most locals still refer to this railroad as the "Santa Fe".
The town was once a trade center and was considered a "booming" town in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. At its peak, the population was 200 but as of 2007 has dwindled to 13 residents. It was named for Joe Kackley, the original land owner.
A post office was opened in Kackley in 1888, and remained in operation until it was discontinued in 1968.
Between 1893 and 1894, four different newspapers were published in Kackley. They were:
- Evangelistic War Cry, 1893-1894
- Herald Of Pentecost, 1894
- Kackley Leader, 1893-1894
- Western Record, 1893 
- "Republic County". Blue Skyways. Kansas State Library. Retrieved 21 June 2014.
- "Column with Contents". Kackley.org website (link expired).
- "Kansas Post Offices, 1828-1961". Kansas Historical Society. Archived from the original on October 9, 2013. Retrieved 21 June 2014.
- "BNSF Elevator Directory (Randall Farmers Coop Union - Kackley , KS)". Burlington Northern Railroad. Retrieved December 5, 2012.
- "Kackley Kansas - Ghost Town". Ghost Towns.
- "Kansas Newspaper Research". Proboards. Retrieved December 5, 2012.
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