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Directed by Shankar
Produced by K. T. Kunjumon
Written by Balakumaran
Screenplay by Shankar
Story by Shankar
Starring Prabhu Deva
Girish Karnad
Music by A. R. Rahman
Cinematography Jeeva
Edited by B. Lenin
V. T. Vijayan
Distributed by A. R. S. Film International
Release dates
  • 17 September 1994 (1994-09-17)
Running time
170 minutes
Country India
Language Tamil

Kadhalan (English: Lover) is a 1994 Indian Tamil romantic thriller film written and directed by S. Shankar and produced by K. T. Kunjumon. The film stars Prabhu Deva and Nagma in the lead roles, while Raghuvaran, Girish Karnad and Vadivelu play other pivotal roles. The film's score and soundtrack were composed by A. R. Rahman. Kadhalan was dubbed in Hindi as Humse Hai Muqabala and in Telugu as Premikudu. The film received positive reviews from critics and enjoyed huge commercial success upon its release in September 1994. It won several recognitions and honours, including four National Film Awards. The film was noted for its clever use of expensive CGI (in song and dance picturisation) similar to the Hollywood blockbuster The Mask.


Prabhu, the chairman of Chennai's Government Arts College, is asked by his Principal to invite the Governor of Tamil Nadu, Kakarlal Sathyanarayana Moorthy, to be the chief guest on the annual day of the college. When he goes to invite Kakarlal, he bumps into his daughter, Shruthi, instantly falling in love with her. To propose his love for her, he even joins in the same dance class as her. She too subsequently gets to know more about him and falls in love with him. Since there is considerable fear of terrorism in the state, Kakarlal does not permit his daughter to travel anywhere without bodyguards. On one occasion, she manages to give them the slip and runs away with Prabhu at a dance festival. Shortly after, there is the threat of a bomb being planted. Shruthi is immediately brought home and Prabhu is arrested. Shruthi is forbidden to see Prabhu. After being beaten severely, Prabhu is released from police custody and taken back home, tended by his police father Kathiresan. He then goes to meet Shruthi unaware of the changed circumstances. This is where he finds evidence that will lead him to a hideout of bomb specialist Mallikarjuna who is the mastermind of all the bomb blasts. Prabhu realizes that Mallikarjuna has been working for Kakarlal to kill innocent civilians with bombs. Kakarlal pays Mallikarjuna to put a bomb in Government General Hospital. Kakarlal betrays Mallikarjuna by killing him with a (bomb radio). Unfortunately, Mallikarjuna survives but he's wounded. Mallikarjuna changes the time, so the bomb can explode earlier. When Kakarlal shows up, he realizes that Mallikarjuna's still alive but Mallikarjuna disappears again. Prabhu and other people take the patients out of the Government General Hospital. Kakarlal, Kakarlal's wife, and Shruthi get stuck in an elevator. Prabhu finds the bomb and manages to get out of the hospital as soon as possible, so he can throw the bomb off the bridge into the water. The bomb explodes in the water. After Shruthi gets out of the elevator, a wounded Mallikarjuna breaks from the top and electrocutes Kakarlal to death. Mallikarjuna also dies because of blood loss. The film ends with the reunion of Prabhu and Shruthi. It's presumed that Prabhu and Shruthi got married.


Voice Over


Prabhu Deva was roped in to portray the lead role after Shankar felt that he would do justice to the role. Dubbing voice for Prabhu Deva was provided by then struggling actor Vikram.[2] Madhuri Dixit was originally considered as the lead actress. Busy schedules meant that Nagma was chosen for the lead role.[3] The set resembling that of Natyanjali dance school was built at Pondicherry.[3]


Kadhalan was dubbed in Hindi as Humse Hai Muqabala and in Telugu as Premikudu and performed well in both regions. Kadhalan then went on to win four National Film Awards in 1995, securing a recognition for the soundtrack and three technical awards. Unnikrishnan won the Best Male Playback Singer with his first ever song in Tamil films for "Ennavale Ennavale". Meanwhile A. S. Laxmi Narayanan and V. S. Murthy won an award for Best Audiography, B. Lenin and V. T. Vijayan for Best Editing while Venky picked up an award for Best Special Effects.


The song "Urvasi" inspired the title of Rajsirpy's 1996 film Take It Easy Urvasi, featuring Vignesh and Amudha. Furthermore, the gibberish line "Jil Jung Juk" which was spoken by Vadivelu in the film inspired the title of a film of the same name, scheduled to release in December 2015.[4]


Main article: Kadhalan (soundtrack)
Album kadhalan cover.jpg
Soundtrack album by A. R. Rahman
Released 1994
Recorded Panchathan Record Inn
Genre Soundtrack
Length 34:50
Label Pyramid
Lahari Music
Sa Re Ga Ma
Ayngaran Music
Producer A. R. Rahman

The background music score and the soundtrack were composed by A. R. Rahman. The soundtrack, released as Kadhalan: The Original Motion Picture Soundtrack, features 9 songs composed by Rahman, with lyrics scored by Vaali, Vairamuthu and S. Shankar who penned the Pettai Rap number. While the entire soundtrack was well received commercially and critically by reviewers, one song Mukkabla became recognised on a national level, becoming one of the most recognisable Tamil songs in history. The song was plagiarised freely by Bollywood's tunesmiths and nearly a dozen versions of the song were churned out, a feat that earned Mukkabla and Rahman a place in the Limca Book of Records.[5] New styles were experimented with, as in the song "Pettai Rap", a Madras bashai song which was written in a rap-like style, interspersing Tamil with English words. The synthesiser and the keyboard also feature while drawing from Tamil folk music. Playback singer Unnikrishnan made his singing debut with the song "Ennavale Ennavale" and the song was composed in Kedaram raga.[6]

The song "Urvasi" inspired the 2014 song "Birthday" by American rapper will.i.am.[7][8]

No. Title Artist(s) Length
1. "Ennavale Adi Ennavale"   P. Unnikrishnan 5:11
2. "Mukkabla"   Mano, Swarnalatha 5:23
3. "Erani Kuradhani"   S. P. Balasubramanyam, S. Janaki 5:08
4. "Kadhalikum Pennin"   S. P. Balasubramanyam, Udit Narayan, Pallavi 4:48
5. "Urvasi Urvasi"   A. R. Rahman, Suresh Peters, Shahul Hameed 5:39
6. "Pettai Rap"   Suresh Peters, Theni Kunjarammal, Shahul Hameed 4:23
7. "Kollayile Thennai"   P. Jayachandran 1:45
8. "Kaatru Kuthirayile"   Sujatha 1:31
9. "Indiraiyo Ival Sundariyo"   Sunandha, Kalyani Menon, Minmini 1:02


  1. ^ Dhananjayan 2014, p. 331.
  2. ^ Ramanan, V. V. (5 July 2014). "Cinema Quiz". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 1 February 2015. Retrieved 1 February 2015. 
  3. ^ a b Dhananjayan 2014, p. 332.
  4. ^ http://www.ibnlive.com/news/movies/siddharths-jil-jung-juk-set-for-christmas-release-1163880.html
  5. ^ Gopal Srinivasan. "The Complete Biography of A.R.Rahman – The A.R.Rahman Page". Gopalhome.tripod.com. Retrieved 2014-06-01. 
  6. ^ "Mood enhancers - The Hindu". The Hindu. Retrieved 31 October 2015. 
  7. ^ "A R Rahman collaborates with will.i.am on Urvashi song remake – The Times of India". Timesofindia.indiatimes.com. 2014-05-22. Retrieved 2014-06-01. 
  8. ^ "Humse Hai Muqabala : Lyrics and video of Songs from the Movie Humse Hai Muqabala (1994)". Hindigeetmala.net. 2014-05-26. Retrieved 2014-06-01. 

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