|Regions with significant populations|
(Mato Grosso do Sul)
|traditional tribal religion|
Their name is now spelled "Kadiwéu" in Portuguese (plural Kadiwéus). The Kadiweu are also known as the Cadiguebo, Cadioeo, Caduveo, Caduvéo, Caduví, Cayua, Guaicuru, Kadiveo, Kadivéu, Kadiweu, Kaduveo, Kaiwa, or Mbayá-Guaikurú.
The Kadiweu today live in the Kadiweu Indigenous Land, a large reserve established in 1903, in the Brazilian state of Mato Grosso do Sul in the municipality of Porto Murtinho, between the Serra de Bodoquena and the Nabileque and Aquidavão rivers.
The Kadiweu are the largest surviving branch of the Mbayá people. The Mbayá were raiders in the 18th century and numbered 4,000, but smallpox and influenza radically decreased their population at the end of the 18th century.
- "Kadiwéu: Introduction." Povos Indígenos no Brasil. (retrieved 3 Dec 2011)
- "Kadiweu." Countries and Their Cultures. (retrieved 3 Dec 2011)
- Fabre, Alain (2006). Los guaykurú, Part 3 of Los pueblos del Gran Chaco y sus lenguas. Suplemento Antropológico, volume 41 issue 2, pp. 7–132. Asunción, Paraguay. Online version updated 2009-07-30, accessed on 2010-08-20.
- Kadiwéu artwork, National Museum of the American Indian