Kaduysky District

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Kaduysky District
Кадуйский район (Russian)
Location of Kaduysky District (Vologda Oblast).svg
Location of Kaduysky District in Vologda Oblast
Coordinates: 59°12′N 37°09′E / 59.200°N 37.150°E / 59.200; 37.150Coordinates: 59°12′N 37°09′E / 59.200°N 37.150°E / 59.200; 37.150
Coat of Arms of Kadui rayon (Vologda oblast).png
Flag of Kadui rayon (Vologda oblast).png
Coat of arms of Kaduysky District
Flag of Kaduysky District
Location
Country Russia
Federal subject Vologda Oblast[1]
Administrative structure (as of June 2012)
Administrative center work settlement of Kaduy[2]
Administrative divisions:[2]
Urban-type settlements 2
Selsoviets 7
Inhabited localities:[2]
Urban-type settlements[3] 2
Rural localities 199
Municipal structure (as of June 2010)
Municipally incorporated as Kaduysky Municipal District[4]
Municipal divisions:[4]
Urban settlements 2
Rural settlements 6
Statistics
Area 3,300 km2 (1,300 sq mi)[5]
Population (2010 Census) 17,109 inhabitants[6]
• Urban 80.6%
• Rural 19.4%
Density 5.18/km2 (13.4/sq mi)[7]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[8]
Established August 1, 1927[9]
Official website
Kaduysky District on WikiCommons

Kaduysky District (Russian: Ка́дуйский райо́н) is an administrative[1] and municipal[4] district (raion), one of the twenty-six in Vologda Oblast, Russia. It is located in the west of the oblast and borders with Belozersky District in the north, Cherepovetsky District in the east and in the south, Ustyuzhensky District in the southwest, and with Babayevsky District in the west. The area of the district is 3,300 square kilometers (1,300 sq mi).[5] Its administrative center is the urban locality (a work settlement) of Kaduy.[2] Population: 17,109 (2010 Census);[6] 18,653 (2002 Census);[10] 19,988 (1989 Census).[11] The population of Kaduy accounts for 66.0% of the district's total population.[6]

Geography[edit]

The district lies completely in the basin of the Suda River. The main tributaries of the Suda within the district are the Kolp and the Andoga. The Suda crosses the district from northwest to southeast, and most of the rivers in the district flow in the same direction. The lower course of the Suda inside the district became a part of the Rybinsk Reservoir. The area of the district is covered by forests.

History[edit]

The area was colonized in the 13th century when it belonged to the Principality of Beloozero. In the 14th century, it became a part of the Grand Duchy of Moscow. In the 16th century, the Andoga River was notable for the fishery, and zander from the Andoga was sent to the Tsar. At the same time, first regular settlements appeared. The area at the time was referred to as Andogsky Stan.[12]

In the course of the administrative reform carried out in 1708 by Peter the Great, the area was included into Ingermanland Governorate (known since 1710 as Saint Petersburg Governorate). In 1727, separate Novgorod Governorate was split off. In 1776, the area was transferred to Novgorod Viceroyalty. In 1796, the viceroyalty was abolished, and the area was transferred to Novgorod Governorate. The current area of the district was split between Belozersky Uyezd and Cherepovetsky Uyezd. Kaduy was founded in 1904 as a railway station settlement.[12]

In June 1918, five uyezds of Novgorod Governorate, including Belozersky and Cherepovetsky Uyezds, were split off to form Cherepovets Governorate with the administrative center in Cherepovets. On August 1, 1927, Cherepovets Governorate was abolished, and its territory became Cherepovets Okrug of Leningrad Oblast. Simultaneously, the uyezds were abolished, and Kaduysky District was established. On September 23, 1937, Kaduysky District was transferred to newly established Vologda Oblast.[9]

On August 1, 1927, Abakanovsky District with the administrative center in the selo of Abakanovo[13] was also established. In September 1931, Abakanovsky District was abolished and split between Cherepovetsky and Kaduysky Districts.[9]

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

There are enterprises of timber industry and food industry in the district, as well as peat production.[14]

Agriculture[edit]

The main branch of agriculture in the district is cattle breeding with milk and meat production.[14]

Transportation[edit]

Kaduy railway station

The railroad connecting Vologda to Saint Petersburg via Cherepovets crosses the southern part of the district from east to west. The main railway stations within the district is Kaduy.

A114 highway, connecting Vologda to Cherepovets and Saint Petersburg, crosses the eastern corner of the district, passing close to the urban-type settlement of Khokhlovo. Kaduy is connected by road with Cherepovets, and another road runs north to the selo of Velikoye and further to the settlement of Vizma in Belozersky District. There is local bus traffic.

Culture and recreation[edit]

The Kaduysky District Museum is located in Kaduy. The museum opened in 2000, but previously functioned since the 1970s as a school museum, founded by Alexander Yukov. The museum is now named after him.[15]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Law #371-OZ
  2. ^ a b c Resolution #178
  3. ^ The count of urban-type settlements may include the work settlements, the resort settlements, the suburban (dacha) settlements, as well as urban-type settlements proper.
  4. ^ a b c Law #1115-OZ
  5. ^ a b Визитная карточка Кадуйского муниципального района (in Russian). Кадуйский муниципальный район. Retrieved December 13, 2011. 
  6. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  7. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value is only approximate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  8. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  9. ^ a b c Справка об изменениях административно-территориального устройства и сети партийных и комсомольских органов на территории Вологодской области (1917-1991) (in Russian). Архивы России. Retrieved November 21, 2011. 
  10. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  11. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  12. ^ a b История (in Russian). Кадуйский муниципальный район. Retrieved December 13, 2011. 
  13. ^ Абакановский район (авг. 1927 – сент. 1931) (in Russian). Система классификаторов исполнительных органов государственной власти Санкт-Петербурга. Retrieved December 13, 2011. 
  14. ^ a b Экономика (in Russian). Кадуйский муниципальный район. Retrieved December 13, 2011. 
  15. ^ Кадуйский районный краеведческий музей им. А.Г.Юкова (in Russian). Российская сеть культурного наследия. Retrieved December 14, 2011. 

Sources[edit]

  • Законодательное Собрание Вологодской области. Закон №371-ОЗ от 4 июня 1999 г. «О вопросах административно-территориального устройства Вологодской области», в ред. Закона №2916-ОЗ от 7 декабря 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон области "О вопросах административно-территориального устройства Вологодской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Красный Север", №124–125, 29 июля 1999 г. (Legislative Assembly of Vologda Oblast. Law #371-OZ of June 4, 1999 On the Matters of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Vologda Oblast, as amended by the Law #2916-OZ of December 7, 2012 On Amending the Oblast Law "On the Matters of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Vologda Oblast". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Правительство Вологодской области. Постановление №178 от 1 марта 2010 г. «Об утверждении реестра административно-территориальных единиц Вологодской области», в ред. Постановления №686 от 25 июня 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в некоторые Постановления Правительства области». Вступил в силу 20 марта 2010 г. Опубликован: "Красный Север", №29, 20 марта 2010 г. (Government of Vologda Oblast. Resolution #178 of March 1, 2010 On Adopting the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units of Vologda Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #686 of June 25, 2012 On Amending Various Resolutions of the Oblast Government. Effective as of March 20, 2010.).
  • Законодательное Собрание Вологодской области. Закон №1115-ОЗ от 6 декабря 2004 г. «Об установлении границ Кадуйского муниципального района, границах и статусе муниципальных образований, входящих в его состав», в ред. Закона №2809-ОЗ от 5 июля 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в отдельные Законы области, устанавливающие границы и статус муниципальных образований области». Вступил в силу через 10 дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Красный Север", №242, 11 декабря 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Vologda Oblast. Law #1115-OZ of December 6, 2004 On Establishing the Borders of Kaduysky Municipal District, on the Borders and Status of the Municipal Formations It Comprises, as amended by the Law #2809-OZ of July 5, 2012 On Amending Various Laws of the Oblast, Establishing the Borders and the Status of the Municipal Formations of the Oblast. Effective as of after 10 days from the day of the official publication.).