Kaechon

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Kaech'ŏn
개천시
Municipal City
Korean transcription(s)
 • Chosŏn'gŭl
 • Hancha
 • McCune-Reischauer Kaech'ŏn-si
 • Revised Romanization Gaecheon-si
Location of Kaech'ŏn
Country North Korea
Province South P'yŏngan
Administrative divisions 26 tong, 11 ri
Area
 • Total 738 km2 (285 sq mi)
Population (1991 est.)
 • Total 336,000

Kaech'ŏn (Hangul: 개천시, Hanja: 价川市) is a city in South P'yŏngan province, North Korea. Kaech'ŏn's coordinates are 39°41′55″N 125°54′22″E / 39.69861°N 125.90611°E / 39.69861; 125.90611.

Geography[edit]

The Myohyangsan, Changansan, Ch'ŏnsŏngsan, and Ch'ŏngryongsan mountain ranges come together in Kaech'ŏn. The highest peak is Paekt'apsan. The most important rivers are the Ch'ŏngch'ŏn River and the Taedong River. The area of the city is 61% forested.

Administrative Divisions[edit]

Kaech'ŏn-si is divided into 26 tong (neighbourhoods) and 11 ri (villages):

  • Ar'il-dong (알일동)
  • Chajak-tong (자작동)
  • Chŏnjin-dong (전진동)
  • Choyang-dong (조양동)
  • Ch'ŏlligil-dong (천리길동)
  • Inhŭng-dong (인흥동)
  • Kag'am-dong (각암동)
  • Kangch'ŏl-dong (강철동)
  • Kŏnji-dong (건지동)
  • Kun'u-dong (군우동)
  • Kwangbok-tong (광복동)
  • Mukpang-dong (묵방동)
  • Namch'ŏn-dong (남천동)
  • Pongch'ŏn-dong (봉천동)
  • Pug'wŏn-dong (북원동)
  • Ramjŏn-dong (람전동)
  • Ryongam-dong (룡암동)
  • Ryongdae-dong (룡대동)
  • Ryongjin-dong (룡진동)
  • Ryongwŏn-dong (룡원동)
  • Sambong-dong (삼봉동)
  • Samp'o-dong (삼포동)
  • Sinsŏng-dong (신성동)
  • Sŏnam-dong (서남동)
  • Sŭngch'ang-dong (승창동)
  • Yaksu-dong (약수동)
  • Chunhyŏl-li (준혁리)
  • Ch'ŏngryong-ri (청룡리)
  • Kuŭp-ri (구읍리)
  • Kwangdo-ri (광도리)
  • Oedong-ri (외동리)
  • Oesŏ-ri (외서리)
  • Pobu-ri (보부리)
  • Ryongul-li (룡운리)
  • Taegang-ri (대각리)
  • Tohwa-ri (도화리)
  • Tongrim-ri (동림리)

Economy[edit]

Water resources are abundant, and several reservoirs are located in Kaech'ŏn.

Agriculture has been extensively developed, including livestock and fruit orchards. Machining and metalworking are the dominant industries, mining has also become more prominent.

Transportation[edit]

Kaech'ŏn is served by the Kaech'ŏn Line of the Korean State Railway.

Tourism[edit]

Tourist sites in Kaech'ŏn include Songam Cavern, Taeripsa Temple with its 9-level stone pagoda, the fortresses of Changhamsŏng, T'osŏng, and Kosasansŏng, Namsa dolmen, and the group of dolments at Mukpangsan. There are also Yŏnpung Lake, which was constructed in 1956, and Yongwŏn Cavern, which was discovered in 1966 and is preserved as North Korea's Natural Monument No. 43.

Prison camps[edit]

There are two large prison camps in Kaech'ŏn, both known for very harsh conditions:

  • Political Prison Camp No. 14 is a prison labour colony around 20 km (12 mi) southeast of the city centre at the banks of Taedong River. Shin Dong-hyuk was born in the camp, tortured there, and finally saw his mother and brother executed before he escaped. [1]
  • Re-education Camp No. 1 is a prison building complex around 2.5 km (1.6 mi) east of the city centre. Lee Soon-ok was imprisoned for six years in the camp and gave testimony before the United States Senate. [2]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Dormels, Rainer. North Korea's Cities: Industrial facilities, internal structures and typification. Jimoondang, 2014. ISBN 978-89-6297-167-5

External links[edit]