From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Municipal City
Korean transcription(s)
 • Chosŏn'gŭl
 • Hancha
 • McCune-Reischauer Kaech'ŏn-si
 • Revised Romanization Gaecheon-si
Location of Kaechon
Country North Korea
Province South Pyongan Province
Administrative divisions 25 dong, 11 ri
 • Total 738 km2 (285 sq mi)
Population (1991 est.)
 • Total 336,000

Kaech'ŏn (Hangul: 개천시, Hanja: 价川市) is a city in South Pyongan Province, North Korea. Kaechon's coordinates are 39°41′55″N 125°54′22″E / 39.69861°N 125.90611°E / 39.69861; 125.90611.


The Myohyangsan, Changansan, Ch'ŏnsŏngsan, and Ch'ŏngryongsan mountain ranges come together in Kaechon. The highest peak is Paekt'apsan. The most important rivers are the Ch'ŏngch'ŏn River and the Taedong River. The area of the city is 61% forested.


Water resources are abundant, and several reservoirs are located in Kaechon.

Agriculture has been extensively developed, including livestock and fruit orchards. Machining and metalworking are the dominant industries, mining has also become more prominent.


Tourist sites in Kaechon include Songam Cavern, Taeripsa Temple with its 9-level stone pagoda, the fortresses of Changhamsŏng, T'osŏng, and Kosasansŏng, Namsa dolmen, and the group of dolments at Mukpangsan. There are also Yŏnpung Lake, which was constructed in 1956, and Yongwŏn Cavern, which was discovered in 1966 and is preserved as North Korea's Natural Monument No. 43.

Prison Camps[edit]

There are two large prison camps in Kaechon, both known for very harsh conditions:

  • Political Prison Camp No. 14 is a prison labor colony around 20 km (12 mi) southeast of the city center at the banks of Taedong River. Shin Dong-hyuk was born in the camp, tortured there, and finally saw his mother and brother executed before he escaped. [1]
  • Reeducation Camp No. 1 is a prison building complex around 2.5 km (1.6 mi) east of the city center. Lee Soon-ok was imprisoned for six years in the camp and gave testimony before the United States Senate. [2]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Dormels, Rainer. North Korea's Cities: Industrial facilities, internal structures and typification. Jimoondang, 2014. ISBN 978-89-6297-167-5

External links[edit]