|Kaempfer's tody-tyrant at Joinville, Santa Catarina state, Brazil|
Kaempfer's tody-tyrant (Hemitriccus kaempferi) is a rare species of bird in the family Tyrannidae. It is endemic to the Atlantic forest in southeastern Brazil. It was known only from two specimens until the 1990s, when it was finally observed in life. It is protected under Brazilian law and it is on the United States' Endangered Species List.
Specimens of this bird were collected in 1929 and 1950. It was not seen again until 1991.
The bird lives in forested habitat, often near rivers. Pairs often forage together. They build nests several meters up in trees, constructing them with mosses, grasses, and dead leaves. The call is a series of "kwit" notes.
- BirdLife International (2012). "Hemitriccus kaempferi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
- Barnett, J. M., et al. (2000). Rediscovery and subsequent observations of Kaempfer’s Tody-tyrant Hemitriccus kaempferi in Santa Catarina, Brazil, with notes on conservation, life history and plumage. Bird Conservation International 10 371-79.
- USFWS. Listing seven Brazilian bird species as endangered throughout their range; Final rule. Federal Register December 28, 2010.
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