Kaempferia

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Kaempferia
Kaemp rotun 101130-09811 tdp.jpg
Kaempferia rotunda
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Clade: Commelinids
Order: Zingiberales
Family: Zingiberaceae
Subfamily: Zingiberoideae
Tribe: Zingibereae
Genus: Kaempferia
L.
Synonyms[1]
  • Zerumbet Garsault, invalid name
  • Monolophus Wall.
  • Tritophus T.Lestib.

Kaempferia is a genus of plants in the ginger family. It is native to China, India, and Southeast Asia.[1][2][3]

The genus is named after the naturalist and traveller Engelbert Kaempfer, who lived in Japan and east Asia for the years 1689-1693 and was one of the first Europeans to write detailed descriptions of plants there.

Species[edit]

Over 100 names have been proposed in the genus. The following are accepted:[1]

Research[edit]

Three species of Kaempferia, i.e., K. galanga, K. rotunda, and K. angustifolia, are well studied for their essential oils along with other important phytochemical and medicinal properties. The micropropagation procedures of K. galanga and K. rotunda have been studied by many groups for more than two decades, but in vitro propagation of Kaempferia angustifolia was the first reported in 2018.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ Flora of China v 24 p 368, 山柰属 shan nai shu, Kaempferia Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 2. 1753.
  3. ^ Techaprasan, J., Klinbunga, S., Ngamriabsakul, C. & Jenjittikul, T. (2010). Genetic variation of Kaempferia (Zingiberaceae) in Thailand based on chloroplast DNA (psbA-trnH and petA-psbJ) sequences. Genetics and Molecular Research 9: 1957-1973.
  4. ^ N. Nopporncharoenkul, T. Somnoo, W. Tanming and C. Maknoi. 2021. Kaempferia jenjittikuliae (Kaempferia Subg. Protanthium: Zingiberaceae), A New, Endangered Species Endemic to Thailand. Edinburgh Journal of Botany. 78; 1-13. journals.rbge.org.uk/EJB/article/view/350
  5. ^ a b "Two new species of Kaempferia L. (Zingiberaceae) from Thailand" (PDF).
  6. ^ "A New Species from Northeastern Thailand". Novataxa. Retrieved 11 February 2019.
  7. ^ Haque SM, Ghosh B. (2018) Micropropagation of Kaempferia angustifolia Roscoe - An Aromatic, Essential Oil Yielding, Underutilized Medicinal Plant of Zingiberaceae Family. J. Crop Sci. Biotech. 21 (2):147-153. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12892-017-0051-0

External links[edit]