Kafr Ein

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Kafr Ein
Other transcription(s)
 • Arabic كفر عين
 • Also spelled Kafr 'Ayn (official)
Kufur Ain (unofficial)
View of Kafr Ein, 2012
View of Kafr Ein, 2012
Kafr Ein is located in the Palestinian territories
Kafr Ein
Kafr Ein
Location of Kafr Ein within the Palestinian territories
Coordinates: 32°02′54″N 35°07′12″E / 32.04833°N 35.12000°E / 32.04833; 35.12000Coordinates: 32°02′54″N 35°07′12″E / 32.04833°N 35.12000°E / 32.04833; 35.12000
Palestine grid 161/161
Governorate Ramallah & al-Bireh
Government
 • Type Village council
 • Head of Municipality Mohammed Rifa'
Area
 • Jurisdiction 25,000 dunams (25 km2 or 10 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Jurisdiction 1,743
Name meaning "The Village of the Spring"[1]

Kafr Ein (Arabic: كفر عين‎‎) is a Palestinian village in the Ramallah and al-Bireh Governorate, located northwest of Ramallah in the central West Bank. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS), Kafr Ein had a population of 1,743 inhabitants in 2007.[2] Most of the village's population comes from the Barghouti, Rifa' and Rafati clans.[3]

History[edit]

Kafr Ein is transliterated as "spring village". The village contains ten springs and ten reservoirs, one of which was recently damaged.

It is believed that there is an ancient site at the top of a local mountain known as Haraek, which contains a church and a mosque. According to local legend, the site was destroyed during the Crusades and the single villager who survived its destruction came down to found Kafr Ein.[4]

Ottoman era[edit]

Potsherds from the early Ottoman time have been found.[5] It is noted in the Ottoman tax records of the 16th century as being located in the Sanjak of Al-Quds.[6]

Kafr Ein was ruled by the Barghouti family throughout the later half of the Ottoman rule of Palestine, located within the sheikhdom of Bani Zeid. It produced 52 qintars of olive oil annually, exporting it to Jerusalem or Nablus mainly for traditional soap-making.[7][8][9]

The French explorer Victor Guérin passed by the village in 1870, and noted that it "did not seem very considerable."[10] while an Ottoman village list of about the same year showed a population of 260, in 69 houses, though the population count included men only.[11]

In 1882, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described "Kefr Ain" as a "small hamlet on a hill-slope, supplied by the Ain Mathrun."[12]

British Mandate era[edit]

In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, the village, called Kufr 'Ain, had a population of 376, all Muslims,[13] increasing in the 1931 census where In Kafr had a population of 494, still all Muslims, in a total of 133 houses.[14]

In 1945 the population was 550 Muslims,[15] while the total land area was 7,145 dunams, according to an official land and population survey.[16] Of this, 4,928 were allocated for plantations and irrigable land, 724 for cereals,[17] while 19 dunams were classified as built-up areas.[18]

1948-67[edit]

In the wake of the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, and after the 1949 Armistice Agreements, Kafr Ein came under Jordanian rule.

1967-present[edit]

After the Six-Day War in 1967, Kafr Ein has been under Israeli occupation.

Economy[edit]

Historically, like most Palestinian villages, Kafr Ein's inhabitants worked mostly as farmers and traders. Prior to the Second Intifada, around 10% of the village's residents worked in Israel. Kafr Ein's main cash crop is olives. However, lentils, grains and vegetables are also grown. There are an estimated 200 sheep and goats in the village.[4]

In 1980, electricity was connected to Kafr Ein. There are ten shops and a school in the village, as well another shared with Qarawat Bani Zeid. Many residents receive aid from the Red Cross and the UNRWA.[4]

Government[edit]

Kafr Ein is governed by a village council. The council is made up of six residents who represent the four major families. The current mayor, Mohammed Rifa', was appointed by the Palestinian National Authority in 1998.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 230
  2. ^ 2007 PCBS Census. Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics. p.112.
  3. ^ Welcome To Kafr 'Ayn: Palestinian families Amban Rifa'. (Arabic)
  4. ^ a b c d Kafr Ein Village Profile International Women's Peace Service
  5. ^ Finkelstein et al, 1997, p. 435
  6. ^ Toledano, 1984, p. 294. Toledano gives its location as 32°02′50″N 35°06′45″E
  7. ^ Singer, 1994, pp. 78-79.
  8. ^ Macalister and Masterman, 1905, p. 255
  9. ^ Wilson, 1906, pp. 78-79
  10. ^ Guérin, 1875, p.150
  11. ^ Socin, 1879, p. 156
  12. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, p. 290
  13. ^ Barron, 1923, Table VII, Sub-district of Ramallah, p. 16
  14. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 49
  15. ^ Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 26
  16. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 65
  17. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 112
  18. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 162

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]