Kafr al-Labad, from the east
|• Jurisdiction||11,917 dunams (11.9 km2 or 4.6 sq mi)|
|Name meaning||The village of the felt-cloth|
Kafr al-Labad (Arabic: كفراللبد) is a Palestinian village in the Tulkarm Governorate in the northeastern West Bank, located 9 kilometers east of Tulkarm and two kilometers south of Anabta. Its population in 2007 was 4,074 according to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics. It has a total land area of 11,917 dunams, of which 25% is used for agricultural purposes. The town's main agricultural products are olives, fruits and wheat.
Kafr al-Labad, like all of Palestine, was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire in 1517. In the 1596 tax registers, Kafr al-Labad was part of the nahiya ("subdistrict") of Jabal Sami, part of the larger Sanjak of Nablus. It had a population of 57 households and 6 bachelors, all Muslims. The inhabitants paid a fixed tax rate of 33,3% on agricultural products, including wheat, barley, summer crops, olive trees, goats and beehives, in addition to occasional revenues; a total of 6,500 akçe.
In 1863 Victor Guérin visited, and found: 'the ruins of an ancient town, which is nowhere mentioned, at least under this name, in the sacred books. Important remains still exist, such as the lower courses of several buildings of cut stone, lying, with much regularity and without cement, upon each other. One of these, of rectangular form, and built east and west, measures 22 paces in length and 15 in breadth. The door was ornamented with monolith pilasters, still standing.
Another similar building belonging to this is somewhat smaller, but at a little distance is found a third more considerable, and built north and south, 50 paces long by 25 broad. There are two entrances, one on the north, with a circular arch, and the other on the south, rectangular. Within the enclosure, entirely constructed of cut stone of good dressing, and not cemented, runs a long court, with several parallel halls, whose partition walls show the same character as the wall of the external enclosure. Other buildings, also in cut stone, and partly overthrown, strew the soil with materials scattered or lying in heaps. Here and there are cisterns cut in the rock.’
In 1882, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described Kefr el Lebad as “A small stone village on high ground, with a few olives. The valley to the north, near 'Anebta, flows with water in spring.”
British Mandate era
In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Kufr Labad had a population of 540, all Muslims, increasing in the 1931 census to 663 persons, all Muslim except 1 Christian, living in 167 houses.
In 1945 the population of Kafr el Labad was 940, all Muslims, who owned 14,757 dunams of land according to an official land and population survey. 5,587 dunams were plantations and irrigable land, 2,257 used for cereals, while 18 dunams were built-up (urban) land.
After the Six-Day War in 1967, Kafr al-Labad has been under Israeli occupation. In 1995, the Israeli military confiscated about 200 dunams of Kafr al-Labad's lands to enlarge the nearby Israeli settlement of Avnei Hefetz. In total, about 355 dunams of Kafr al-Labad's lands have been added to Avnei Hefetz, while an additional 20 have been confiscated for the settlement of Einav.
- Palmer, 1881, p. 184
- 2007 PCBS census. Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS). p. 108.
- The Expansion of Avni Hefets colony at the Expense of Kufr Al Labbad village. Applied Research Institute-Jerusalem (ARIJ). 2009-08-03.
- Dauphin, 1998, p. 763
- al-Salim, Farid. Landed Property and Elite Conflict in Ottoman Tulkarm. Jerusalem Quarterly. Autumn 2011.
- Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 128
- Guérin, 1875, pp. 212-213; as translated by Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 195
- Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 159
- Barron, 1923, Table XI, Sub-district of Tulkarm, p. 27
- Mills, 1932, p. 55
- Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 21
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 75
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 126
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 176
- The Middle East: Abstracts and Indexes. Library Information and Research Service, 1999. Vol. 23, p. 280.
- Barron, J. B., ed. (1923). Palestine: Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922. Government of Palestine.
- Conder, Claude Reignier; Kitchener, H. H. (1882). The Survey of Western Palestine: Memoirs of the Topography, Orography, Hydrography, and Archaeology. 2. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Dauphin, Claudine (1998). La Palestine byzantine, Peuplement et Populations. BAR International Series 726 (in French). III : Catalogue. Oxford: Archeopress. ISBN 0-860549-05-4.
- Department of Statistics (1945). Village Statistics, April, 1945. Government of Palestine.
- Guérin, Victor (1875). Description Géographique Historique et Archéologique de la Palestine (in French). 2: Samarie, pt. 2. Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale.
- Hadawi, Sami (1970). Village Statistics of 1945: A Classification of Land and Area ownership in Palestine. Palestine Liberation Organization Research Center.
- Hütteroth, Wolf-Dieter; Abdulfattah, Kamal (1977). Historical Geography of Palestine, Transjordan and Southern Syria in the Late 16th Century. Erlanger Geographische Arbeiten, Sonderband 5. Erlangen, Germany: Vorstand der Fränkischen Geographischen Gesellschaft. ISBN 3-920405-41-2.
- Mills, E., ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas (PDF). Jerusalem: Government of Palestine.
- Palmer, E. H. (1881). The Survey of Western Palestine: Arabic and English Name Lists Collected During the Survey by Lieutenants Conder and Kitchener, R. E. Transliterated and Explained by E.H. Palmer. Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.