Kaga Domain

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Kanazawa Castle, the seat of the Kaga domain

The Kaga Domain (加賀藩 Kaga han?), also known as Kanazawa Domain (金沢藩 Kanazawa han?),[1] was a Japanese domain of the Edo period. It is associated with the provinces of Kaga, Noto and Etchū in modern-day Ishikawa Prefecture and Toyama Prefecture on the island of Honshū.

In the han system, Kaga was a political and economic abstraction based on periodic cadastral surveys and projected agricultural yields.[2] In other words, the domain was defined in terms of kokudaka, not land area.[3] This was different from the feudalism of the West.


The domain was founded by Maeda Toshiie and headed by the Maeda clan. Its income was over 1,000,000 koku.[1] Except for the Tokugawa holdings, the domain was the richest in the nation.[4]

List of daimyo[edit]

The hereditary daimyo were head of the clan and head of the domain.

  1. Toshiie[5]
  2. Toshinaga[5]
  3. Toshitsune[5]
  4. Mitsutaka[5]
  5. Tsunanori
  6. Yoshinori
  7. Munetoki
  8. Shigehiro
  9. Shigenobu
  10. Shigemichi
  11. Harunaga
  12. Narinaga
  13. Nariyasu
  14. Yoshiyasu


The clan records were preserved over the course of centuries.[6]

  • Simple silver crown.svg I. Toshiie, 1st Lord of Kaga (cr. 1583) (1539-1599; r. 1583-1599)
    • Simple silver crown.svg II. Toshinaga, 2nd Lord of Kaga (1562-1614; r. 1599-1605)
    • Simple silver crown.svg III. Toshitsune, 3rd Lord of Kaga (1594-1658; r. 1605-1639)
      • Simple silver crown.svg IV. Mitsutaka, 4th Lord of Kaga (1616-1645; r. 1639-1645)
        • Simple silver crown.svg V. Tsunanori, 5th Lord of Kaga (1643-1724; r. 1645-1723)
          • Simple silver crown.svg VI. Yoshinori, 6th Lord of Kaga (1690-1745; r. 1723-1745)
            • Simple silver crown.svg VII. Munetoki, 7th Lord of Kaga (1725-1747; r. 1745-1747)
            • Simple silver crown.svg VIII. Shigehiro, 8th Lord of Kaga (1729-1753; r. 1747-1753)
            • Simple silver crown.svg IX. Shigenobu, 9th Lord of Kaga (1735-1753; r. 1753)
            • Simple silver crown.svg X. Shigemichi, 10th Lord of Kaga (1741-1786; r. 1754-1771)
              • Simple silver crown.svg XII. Narinaga, 12th Lord of Kaga (1782-1824; r. 1802-1822)
                • Simple silver crown.svg XIII. Nariyasu, 13th Lord of Kaga (1811-1884; r. 1822-1866)
                  • Simple silver crown.svg XIV. Yoshiyasu, 14th Lord of Kaga, 14th family head (1830-1874; r. 1866-1869; Governor: 1869-1871; family head: 1869-1874)
                    • Yoshitsugu, 15th family head, 1st Marquess (1858-1900; 15th family head 1874-1900, Marquess: 1884).
            • Simple silver crown.svg XI. Harunaga, 11th Lord of Kaga (1745-1810; r. 1771-1802).
          • Toshiaki, 4th Lord of Kaga-Daishōji (1691-1737)
            • Toshimichi, 5th Lord of Kaga-Daishōji (1733-1781)
              • Toshitoyo, 9th Lord of Etchū-Toyama (1771-1836)
                • Toshihiro, 11th Lord of Ueno-Nankaichi (1823-1877)
                  • Toshiaki, Governor of Nankaichi, 1st Viscount (1850-1896; Governor of Nankaichi 1869-1871, created 1st Viscount 1884)
                    • Toshinari, 16th family head, 2nd Marquess (1885-1942; 16th family head and 2nd Marquess 1900-1942)
                      • Toshiken, 17th family head, 3rd Marquess (1908-1989; 17th family head 1942-1989, 3rd Marquess 1942-1947)
                        • Toshihiro, 18th family head (1935- ; 18th family head 1989-)
                          • Toshitaka (1963-)
                            • Toshikyo (1993-)

See also[edit]


Map of Japan, 1789 -- the Han system affected cartography
  1. ^ a b "Kaga Province" at JapaneseCastleExplorer.com; retrieved 2013-4-9.
  2. ^ Mass, Jeffrey P. and William B. Hauser. (1987). The Bakufu in Japanese History, p. 150.
  3. ^ Elison, George and Bardwell L. Smith (1987). Warlords, Artists, & Commoners: Japan in the Sixteenth Century, p. 18.
  4. ^ Totman, Conrad. (1993). Early Modern Japan, p. 119.
  5. ^ a b c d Papinot, Jacques Edmond Joseph. (1906). Dictionnaire d’histoire et de géographie du Japon; Papinot, (2003). "Maeda" at Nobiliare du Japon, p. 28; retrieved 2013-4-9.
  6. ^ 前田氏 at ReichsArchiv.jp; retrieved 2013-7-9. (Japanese)

Further reading[edit]

  • Brown, Philip C. (1993). Central authority and local autonomy in the formation of early modern Japan: the case of Kaga domain. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press.
  • Chūda Toshio 忠田敏男 (1993). Sankin kōtai dōchūki: Kaga-han shiryō o yomu 参勤交代道中記: 加賀藩史料を読む. Tokyo: Heibonsha 平凡社.
  • Flershem, Robert G., and Yoshiko N. Flershem (1980). Kaga, a domain which changed slowly. Hamburg: Gesellschaft für Natur und Völkerkunde Ostasiens.
  • McClain, James L. (1982). Kanazawa : a seventeenth-century Japanese castle town. New Haven: Yale University Press.