Kaga Domain

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Kanazawa Castle, the seat of the Kaga domain
Kaga Domain
加賀藩
under Tokugawa shogunate Japan
1583–1871
Location of Kaga Domain
Kaga Toyama and Daishōji han in late Edo period, Daishōji Domain in orange, Kaga Domain in green, Toyama Domain in brown
Capital Kanazawa Castle
36°33′52″N 136°39′33″E / 36.564317°N 136.659228°E / 36.564317; 136.659228
Government Daimyō
Historical era Edo period
 •  Established 1583
 •  Disestablished 1871
Today part of parts of Ishikawa and Toyama Prefectures

The Kaga Domain (加賀藩, Kaga han), also known as Kanazawa Domain (金沢藩, Kanazawa han),[1] was a feudal domain in Edo period Japan, covering most of Kaga Province and Etchū Provinces and all of Noto Province (modern-day Ishikawa and Toyama Prefectures), in the Hokuriku region of Japan. It was centered on Kanazawa Castle in what is now the city of Kanazawa. Throughout its history, it was ruled by the Maeda clan. Kaga Domain had an assessed kokudaka of over one million koku, making it by far the largest of the feudal domains within the Tokugawa shogunate.[2] The location of the main Edo residence of the daimyō of the Kaga Domain is now the site of the Hongō campus of the University of Tokyo.

History[edit]

Maeda Toshiie was a distinguished military commander, a retainer of Oda Nobunaga and a close friend of Toyotomi Hideyoshi. A member of the Council of Five Elders who ruled Japan during the Sengoku period, he was granted the Kaga Domain in 1583.[1] His eldest son, Maeda Toshinaga, supported Tokugawa Ieyasu in his rise to power and was rewarded by an increase in his lands to 1.25 million koku.

Toshinaga was succeeded by his brother Maeda Toshitsune, who created two cadet branches of the clan:

A third cadet line was founded by Toshitsune's brother Maeda Toshitaka for his services during the Siege of Osaka. This branch held the Nanokaichi Domain, rated at the minimum of 10,000 koku.

The Maeda clan ruled Kaga until the abolition of the domains in 1871.

Bakumatsu period holdings[edit]

As with most domains in the han system, Kaga Domain consisted of discontinuous territories calculated to provide the assigned kokudaka, based on periodic cadastral surveys and projected agricultural yields.[3][4] At the end of the Tokugawa shogunate, the domain consisted of the following holdings:

List of daimyōs[edit]

# Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank kokudaka
Japanese crest Kaga Umebachi.svg Maeda clan (tozama) 1583--.1871[5]
0 Maeda Toshiie (前田利家) 1583–1599 Chikuzen-no-kami (筑前守) Junior 2nd Rank (従二位); Dainagon (大納言) 830,000 koku
1 Maeda Toshinaga (前田利長) 1599–1605 Hizen-no-kami (肥前守) Junior 3rd Rank (従三位); Chūnagon (中納言) 1,200,000 koku
2 Maeda Toshitsune (前田利常) 1605–1639 Hizen-no-kami (肥前守) Junior 3rd Rank (従三位); Chūnagon (中納言) 1,200,000 koku
3 Maeda Mitsutaka (前田光高) 1639–1645 Chikuzen-no-kami (筑前守) Senior 4th, Lower Grade (正四位下); Sakone-sho-sho (左近衛権少将) 1,200,000 koku
4 Maeda Tsunanori (前田綱紀) 1645–1723 Kaga-no-kami (加賀守) Junior 3rd Rank (従三位); Sangi (参議) 1,030,000 koku
5 Maeda Yoshinori (前田吉徳) 1723–1745 Kaga-no-kami (加賀守) Senior 4th, Lower Grade (正四位下); Sakone-chu-sho (左近衛権中将) 1,025,000 koku
6 Maeda Munetoki (前田宗辰) 1745–1746 Kaga-no-kami (加賀守) Senior 4th, Lower Grade (正四位下); Sakone-chu-sho (左近衛権中将) 1,025,000 koku
7 Maeda Shigehiro (前田重熙) 1746–1753 Kaga-no-kami (加賀守) Senior 4th, Lower Grade (正四位下); Sakone-chu-sho (左近衛権中将) 1,025,000 koku
8 Maeda Shigenobu (前田重靖) 1753 Kaga-no-kami (加賀守) Senior 4th, Lower Grade (正四位下); Sakone-sho-sho (左近衛権少将) 1,025,000 koku
9 Maeda Shigemichi (前田重教) 1753–1771 Hizen-no-kami (肥前守) Senior 4th, Lower Grade (正四位下); Sakone-chu-sho (左近衛権中将) 1,025,000 koku
10 Maeda Harunaga (前田治脩) 1771–1802 Kaga-no-kami (加賀守) Senior 4th, Lower Grade (正四位下); Sakone-chu-sho (左近衛権中将) 1,025,000 koku
11 Maeda Narinaga (前田斉広) 1802–1822 Hizen-no-kami (肥前守) Senior 4th, Lower Grade (正四位下); Sakone-chu-sho (左近衛権中将) 1,025,000 koku
12 Maeda Nariyasu (前田斉泰) 1822–1866 Kaga-no-kami (加賀守) Senior 2nd Rank (正二位); Gon-Chūnagon (権中納言) 1,025,000 koku
13 Maeda Yoshiyasu (前田慶寧) 1866–1871 Kaga-no-kami (加賀守) Junior 3rd Rank (従三位); Sangi (参議) 1,030,000 koku

Genealogy[edit]

The clan records were preserved over the course of centuries.[6]

  • Simple silver crown.svg I. Toshiie, 1st daimyō of Kaga (cr. 1583) (1539–1599; r. 1583–1599)
    • Simple silver crown.svg II. Toshinaga, 2nd daimyō of Kaga (1562–1614; r. 1599–1605)
    • Simple silver crown.svg III. Toshitsune, 3rd daimyō of Kaga (1594–1658; r. 1605–1639)
      • Simple silver crown.svg IV. Mitsutaka, 4th daimyō of Kaga (1616–1645; r. 1639–1645)
        • Simple silver crown.svg V. Tsunanori, 5th daimyō of Kaga (1643–1724; r. 1645–1723)
          • Simple silver crown.svg VI. Yoshinori, 6th daimyō of Kaga (1690–1745; r. 1723–1745)
            • Simple silver crown.svg VII. Munetoki, 7th daimyō of Kaga (1725–1747; r. 1745–1747)
            • Simple silver crown.svg VIII. Shigehiro, 8th daimyō of Kaga (1729–1753; r. 1747–1753)
            • Simple silver crown.svg IX. Shigenobu, 9th daimyō of Kaga (1735–1753; r. 1753)
            • Simple silver crown.svg X. Shigemichi, 10th daimyō of Kaga (1741–1786; r. 1754–1771)
              • Simple silver crown.svg XII. Narinaga, 12th daimyō of Kaga (1782–1824; r. 1802–1822)
                • Simple silver crown.svg XIII. Nariyasu, 13th daimyō of Kaga (1811–1884; r. 1822–1866)
                  • Simple silver crown.svg XIV. Yoshiyasu, 14th daimyō of Kaga, 14th family head (1830–1874; r. 1866–1869; Governor: 1869–1871; family head: 1869–1874)
                    • Yoshitsugu, 15th family head, 1st Marquess (1858–1900; 15th family head 1874–1900, Marquess: 1884).
            • Simple silver crown.svg XI. Harunaga, 11th daimyō of Kaga (1745–1810; r. 1771–1802).
          • Toshiaki, 4th daimyō of Kaga-Daishōji (1691–1737)
            • Toshimichi, 5th daimyō of Kaga-Daishōji (1733–1781)
              • Toshitoyo, 9th daimyō of Etchū-Toyama (1771–1836)
                • Toshihiro, 11th daimyō of Ueno-Nanokaichi (1823–1877)
                  • Toshiaki, Governor of Nanokaichi, 1st Viscount (1850–1896; Governor of Nanokaichi 1869–1871, created 1st Viscount 1884)
                    • Toshinari, 16th family head, 2nd Marquess (1885–1942; 16th family head and 2nd Marquess 1900–1942)
                      • Toshitatsu, 17th family head, 3rd Marquess (1908–1989; 17th family head 1942–1989, 3rd Marquess 1942–1947)
                        • Toshihiro, 18th family head (1935– ; 18th family head 1989–)
                          • Toshitaka (1963–)
                            • Toshikyo (1993–)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Kaga Province" at JapaneseCastleExplorer.com; retrieved 2013-4-9.
  2. ^ Totman, Conrad. (1993). Early Modern Japan, p. 119.
  3. ^ Mass, Jeffrey P. and William B. Hauser. (1987). The Bakufu in Japanese History, p. 150.
  4. ^ Elison, George and Bardwell L. Smith (1987). Warlords, Artists, & Commoners: Japan in the Sixteenth Century, p. 18.
  5. ^ Papinot, Jacques Edmond Joseph. (1906). Dictionnaire d'histoire et de géographie du Japon; Papinot, (2003). "Maeda" at Nobiliare du Japon, p. 28; retrieved 2013-4-9.
  6. ^ 前田氏 at ReichsArchiv.jp; retrieved 2013-7-9. (in Japanese)

Further reading[edit]

  • Brown, Philip C. (1993). Central authority and local autonomy in the formation of early modern Japan: the case of Kaga domain. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press.
  • Chūda Toshio 忠田敏男 (1993). Sankin kōtai dōchūki: Kaga-han shiryō o yomu 参勤交代道中記: 加賀藩史料を読む. Tokyo: Heibonsha 平凡社.
  • Flershem, Robert G., and Yoshiko N. Flershem (1980). Kaga, a domain which changed slowly. Hamburg: Gesellschaft für Natur und Völkerkunde Ostasiens.
  • McClain, James L. (1982). Kanazawa : a seventeenth-century Japanese castle town. New Haven: Yale University Press.