Kagawa Prefecture

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Not to be confused with Kanagawa Prefecture.
Kagawa Prefecture
Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese 香川県
 • Rōmaji Kagawa-ken
Flag of Kagawa Prefecture
Official logo of Kagawa Prefecture
Symbol of Kagawa Prefecture
Location of Kagawa Prefecture
Country Japan
Region Shikoku
Island Shikoku
Capital Takamatsu
 • Governor Keizō Hamada
 • Total 1,861.70 km2 (718.81 sq mi)
Area rank 47th
Population (May 1, 2016)
 • Total 974,052
 • Rank 40th
 • Density 523.20/km2 (1,355.1/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code JP-37
Districts 5
Municipalities 17
Flower Olive (Olea europaea)
Tree Olive (Olea europaea)
Bird Lesser cuckoo (Cuculus poliocephalus)
Website www.pref.kagawa.jp

Kagawa Prefecture (香川県 Kagawa-ken?) is a prefecture of Japan located on Shikoku island.[1] The capital is Takamatsu.[2]


Kagawa was formerly known as Sanuki Province.[3]

For a brief period between August 1876 and December 1888, Kagawa was made a part of Ehime Prefecture.[4]

Battle of Yashima[edit]

Located in Kagawa's capital city, Takamatsu, the mountain of Yashima was the battlefield for one of the best-known struggles between the Heike and the Genji clans.


Kagawa comprises the northeast corner of Shikoku, bordering Ehime Prefecture on the west and Tokushima Prefecture on the south, with a coastline on the Seto Inland Sea facing Okayama Prefecture and the Kansai. The Sanuki Mountains run along the southern border.

Kagawa is currently the smallest prefecture, by area, in Japan. Osaka Prefecture held that title until Kansai International Airport was reclaimed from the ocean in the early 1990s, pushing its land area slightly above Kagawa's[citation needed]. Kagawa is a relatively narrow prefecture located between the mountains of Shikoku and the sea.

As of April 1, 2012, 11% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely Setonaikai National Park and Ōtaki-Ōkawa Prefectural Natural Park.[5]


Map of Kagawa Prefecture.

Eight cities are located in Kagawa Prefecture:


These are the towns in each district:




People queuing for udon in Kagawa

Sanuki udon (a type of udon noodle) is the most famous local food of Kagawa Prefecture. In 2008 there were over 700 udon restaurants in this prefecture alone.[citation needed]

Aside from udon, Kagawa is also famous for "hone-tsuki-dori", seasoned chicken thigh cooked on the bone. Originating from Marugame City, the dish has now become a popular dish in izakaya restaurants across the country.

Olives and olive related products have also come to be associated as Kagawa foods. As the first place in Japan to successfully cultivate olives, Kagawa has been producing olive related products since 1908. As well as winning both domestic and international awards for the quality of its olive oil, Kagawa has also created two offshoot food brands from its olive industry - "olive beef" and "olive Yellowtail". Waste organic matter from olive pressing is used as feed for cattle and the Yellowtail Amberjack. Due to the high amount of polyphenol in the olive waste, the flesh of the respective meats does not oxidize or lose colour easily.

Other local specialties include wasanbon sugar sweets, soumen noodles and shoyu soy sauce.





The sports teams listed below are based in Kagawa.



Football (Soccer)


Ice Hockey


Kanamaruza Kabuki Theatre
Benesse House, Naoshima
Manno Lake
Sanuki Manno National Park

Based on its ancient name, Sanuki, Kagawa is famous for its Sanuki udon (wheat noodles). Recent years have seen an interest in Sanuki udon across Japan[citation needed], and many Japanese now take day-trips to taste the many Sanuki udon restaurants in Kagawa.




Departure from Takamatsu[edit]



National Highway[edit]

  • Route 11 (Tokushima-Takamatsu-Marugame-Niihama-Maysuyama)
  • Route 30
  • Route 32 (Takamatsu-Kotohira-Kochi)
  • Route 193
  • Route 318
  • Route 319
  • Route 377
  • Route 436
  • Route 438



Miscellaneous topics[edit]

The novel Battle Royale by Koushun Takami was set in the fictional town of Shiroiwa ('Castle Rock') in the Kagawa Prefecture. Okishima, the fictional island on which much of the novel takes place is placed in the Seto Inland Sea. The manga also places Shiroiwa in Kagawa Prefecture, while the film moves Shiroiwa to Kanagawa Prefecture.

Takamatsu, Kagawa Prefecture is also the main setting of the book"Kafka on the Shore" by Haruki Murakami.


  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Kagawa prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 446, p. 446, at Google Books.
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Takamatsu" at p. 934, p. 934, at Google Books.
  3. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books.
  4. ^ Ikatachōshi Editing Committee, ed. (March 31, 1987). Ikatachōshi 伊方町誌 [Ikata Town History] (in Japanese). Town of Ikata, printed by DAI-ICHI HOKI Publishing. 
  5. ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 19 August 2012. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 34°16′N 133°57′E / 34.267°N 133.950°E / 34.267; 133.950