The kagul is a type of Philippine bamboo scraper gong/slit drum of the Maguindanaon and Visayans with a jagged edge on one side, played with two beaters, one scarping the jagged edge and the other one making a beat. The Maguindanaon and the Banuwaen use it in the rice paddies to guard against voracious birds, using the sound it produces to scare them away. The Maguindanaon and the Bukidnon also use it for simple dance rhythms during social occasions. The rhythms are usually simplistic in nature, consisting of one rhythmic pattern sometimes combined with another. Use of the kagul in the former way is no longer practiced.
- de Jager, Fekke (2006). "Tagutok". Music instruments from the Philippines. Retrieved 2006-06-12.
- Brandeis, Hans (2006). "Musical Instruments for Social Use". Music and Dance of the Bukidnon-s of Mindanao: A Short Introduction. Retrieved 7 July 2006.
- Mercurio, Philip Dominguez (2006). "Traditional Music of the Southern Philippines". PnoyAndTheCity: A center for Kulintang - A home for Pasikings. Retrieved 25 February 2006.
Informational websites and online textbooks
Pictures of kagul and its other derivatives
- Photograph of a Bantula – Close-up pictures of a bantula - by Hans Brandeis.
- Photograph of a Tagungtung - A tagungtung used as accompaniment - by Hans Brandeis.
- Photograph of a Tagungtung - A tagungtung being played - by Hans Brandeis.
- Photograph of a Tagutok – Close-up pictures of a tagutok - by Fekke de Jagar.