Kahului Airport

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Kahului Airport
Kahua Mokulele o Kahului
Starr-090226-4047-Delonix regia-habitat-Kahului Airport-Maui (24315727774).jpg
Kahului Airport (2009). View facing roughly SSW from north of the main passenger terminal.
Summary
Airport typePublic
OperatorHawaii Department of Transportation
ServesKahului; Wailuku
Hub for
Elevation AMSL54 ft / 16 m
Coordinates20°53′55″N 156°25′50″W / 20.89861°N 156.43056°W / 20.89861; -156.43056 (Kahului Airport)Coordinates: 20°53′55″N 156°25′50″W / 20.89861°N 156.43056°W / 20.89861; -156.43056 (Kahului Airport)
Websitehawaii.gov/ogg
Map
Kahului Airport is located in Maui
Kahului Airport
Kahului Airport
Kahului Airport is located in Hawaii
Kahului Airport
Kahului Airport
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
02/20 6,995 2,132 Asphalt
05/23 4,990 1,521 Asphalt
Helipads
Number Length Surface
ft m
H1 125 38 Asphalt
Statistics (2010)
Aircraft operations118,896
Passengers5,346,694
Total Cargo (US tons)40,015

Kahului Airport (IATA: OGG, ICAO: PHOG, FAA LID: OGG) is a regional airport in the state of Hawai'i, United States, located east of the Kahului CDP in Maui County on the island of Maui near Haleakala.[3] It has offered full airport operations since 1952.[4] Most flights into Kahului Airport originate from Daniel K. Inouye International Airport in Honolulu; the Honolulu–Kahului corridor is one of the busiest air routes in the US, ranking 13th in 2004 with 1,632,000 passengers.[5]

The airport code pays homage to aviation pioneer Bertram J. Hogg who worked for what is now Hawaiian Airlines flying aircraft ranging from eight-passenger Sikorsky S-38 amphibians to Douglas DC-3s and DC-9s into the late 1960s.[6]

It is included in the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems for 2017–2021, in which it is categorized as a medium-hub primary commercial service facility.[7]

History[edit]

In 1942, construction started on Naval Air Station Kahului. After the war, extensive negotiations between the Territory of Hawaii and the Navy resulted in the airbase being turned over to the Hawaii Aeronautics Commission. The Kahului Airport began commercial airline operations in June 1952.[8]

There’s an 8-foot tall, 42-foot wide information-packed wall at the airport that tells the story behind the three letter IATA code OGG. And it turns out the airport is named for Capt. Jimmy Hogg, a Hawaiian Airlines pilot, Kaua‘i native and aviation pioneer.[9]

Authority[edit]

Kahului Airport is part of a centralized state structure governing all of the airports and seaports of Hawai'i. The official authority of Kahului Airport is the Governor of Hawai'i. The governor appoints the Director of the Hawai'i State Department of Transportation, who has jurisdiction over the Hawai'i Airports Administrator.

The Hawai'i Airports Administrator oversees six governing bodies: Airports Operations Office, Airports Planning Office, Engineering Branch, Information Technology Office, Staff Services Office, Visitor Information Program Office. Collectively, the six bodies have authority over the four airport districts in Hawai'i: Hawai'i District, Kaua'i District, Maui District and the principal O'ahu District. Kahului Airport is a subordinate of Maui District officials.

Facilities and aircraft[edit]

Overseas concourse at Kahului Airport

The Kahului Airport terminal building has ticketing, USDA agricultural inspection, and baggage claim areas on the ground level.

Eighteen jetways are available for enplaning or deplaning passengers (there are six gate hold areas designated A–F with three jetways each). Gates with odd numbers have jetway systems, while gates with even numbers are designated as emergency exits and have stairs that lead to the ramp below. The main passenger terminal is divided into two areas, north and south. The south area houses Gates 1-16 with four aircraft parking positions (sized for one inter-island and three overseas aircraft). The north area houses Gates 17-39 with nine aircraft parking positions (sized for two inter-island and seven overseas aircraft).[10] Inter-island gates are Gates 9, 11, 13, 15, 17, 19, and 21. Overseas gates are Gates 1, 5, 7, 23, 27, 29, 33, 35, and 39.[11]

Air traffic control tower at OGG

Most of the gates were spaced to handle narrow-body aircraft like the Boeing 717 and Boeing 737 used on inter-island flights. In 1982–83 Kahului started receiving nonstop flights from the mainland United States; these now use wide-body aircraft like the Airbus A330, Boeing 767, and Boeing 777, along with the Airbus A321, Boeing 737-700, Boeing 737-800, Boeing 737-900, Boeing 757-200 and Boeing 757-300. The smaller aircraft used on inter-island flights fit at all gates, while the larger overseas airliners cannot. Because of the size of the wide-body aircraft, Gates 3, 25, 31, and 37 are rarely used.[11] The air traffic control tower stands 187 feet (57 m) above mean sea level and was completed in 1988.[11]

The airport is going through expansion authorized by the Hawai'i State Legislature. A goal has been set to prepare Kahului Airport to eventually become a permanent international airport with service routes from Canada and Japan.[citation needed] Current flights from Canada use United States border preclearance facilities in Vancouver, Calgary or Edmonton. Under the December 2016 Kahului Airport Master Plan Update, two more aircraft parking positions would be added to the thirteen existing for the main passenger terminal. The current thirteen positions are sized for three inter-island and ten overseas aircraft.[10]

Airfield[edit]

OGG runway and terminal diagram

Kahului Airport covers 1,391 acres (563 ha) at an elevation of 54 feet (16 m) above mean sea level. It has two asphalt runways: 2/20 is 6,995 ft × 150 ft (2,132 m × 46 m) and 5/23 is 4,990 ft × 150 ft (1,521 m × 46 m). It also has an asphalt helipad designated H1 measuring 125 × 125 feet (38 × 38 m).[2][11] Rotary-wing aircraft operate from the area directly east of the approach end of Runway 2. No fixed-wing aircraft are permitted in this area between sunrise and sunset, and fixed-wing operations in this area from sunset to sunrise require prior authorization.[12]

Most commercial flights use Runway 2, which is equipped with a Category I Instrument Landing System.[11] Runway 5 is primarily used for lighter commuter aircraft and general aviation.[11] For noise abatement, flights taking off from Runway 2 are directed to climb straight ahead after takeoff until clear of the shoreline by 1 mile (1.6 km) before making any turns. Flights taking off from Runway 5 for destinations east or west are directed to turn left as soon as possible to clear the shoreline by 1 mile (1.6 km); flights from Runway 5 for destinations south are directed to turn right as soon as possible. Flights landing on Runway 2 detour west of Kahului and Wailuku on a heading almost directly south before lining up for landing. Flights landing on Runway 5 follow the coastline and avoid overflying populated areas as much as possible.[12]

Under the OGG Master Plan, Runway 2 would be lengthened (to the south) to 8,530 ft (2,600 m) by 2021, allowing operations with long-distance aircraft carrying a full load of fuel at maximum take-off weight. This would enable nonstop service from Kahului to Chicago, Dallas, and Denver with Boeing 777-200 aircraft.[10] In addition, a parallel 7,000 ft × 150 ft (2,134 m × 46 m) runway to 2/20 would be constructed sometime after 2035, with a centerline separation of 2,500 feet (760 m). The parallel runway would enable simultaneous operations and would serve as a backup to Runway 2.[10] Runway 2 has been experiencing pavement distress since 2008, and reconstruction to a concrete surface (from the present grooved asphalt) is recommended.[11]

Expansion[edit]

As a result of the passage of Hawai'i State Legislature bills in 1998 and 2001, Kahului is planned to undergo expansion for new, larger facilities, lengthening of runways, increasing of fuel storage capacities, and construction of new access roads. The controversial project has met opposition from residents who do not agree with the elevation of Kahului Airport to a permanent international airport.[citation needed] Project opponents cite concerns about increased introduction of invasive species and other issues, as evidenced by the common Maui bumper sticker "Big city airport, big city problems."

In early 2005, Governor Linda Lingle released $365 million for construction of an extended ticketing lobby, new baggage claim carousels, a new Alien Species building, a new cargo building, construction of a new apron, construction of an additional 10 jetways to replace the current jetways, and a new six-lane airport access road that would run from the airport, intersecting Haleakala Highway and Hana Highway, and run parallel to Dairy Road where it would merge with a new grade-separated interchange between Puunene Avenue (highway 350), Dairy Road, and Kuihelani Highway (highway 380).[13]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
Air Canada Vancouver
Seasonal: Calgary
Alaska Airlines Los Angeles, Oakland, Portland (OR), Sacramento, San Diego, San Francisco, San Jose (CA), Seattle/Tacoma
Seasonal: Anchorage, Bellingham
American Airlines Dallas/Fort Worth, Los Angeles, Phoenix–Sky Harbor
Delta Air Lines Los Angeles, Salt Lake City, Seattle/Tacoma
Hawaiian Airlines Hilo, Honolulu, Kailua–Kona, Los Angeles, Lihue, Oakland, Portland (OR), Sacramento (begins April 1, 2019),[14] San Diego, San Francisco, San Jose (CA), Seattle/Tacoma
Mokulele Airlines Hana, Honolulu, Kalaupapa, Kailua–Kona, Molokaʻi, Waimea–Kohala
United Airlines Chicago–O'Hare, Denver, Los Angeles, San Francisco
WestJet Vancouver
Seasonal: Calgary, Edmonton

Statistics[edit]

Top destinations[edit]

Busiest domestic routes from OGG
(September 2017 – August 2018)
[15]
Rank City Passengers Carriers
1 Honolulu, Hawaii 989,090 Hawaiian, Mokulele
2 Los Angeles, California 550,900 Alaska, American, Delta, Hawaiian, United, Virgin America
3 San Francisco, California 378,080 Alaska, Hawaiian, United, Virgin America
4 Seattle–Tacoma, Washington 246,860 Alaska, Delta, Hawaiian
5 Kailua–Kona, Hawaii 140,660 Hawaiian, Mokulele
6 Lihue, Hawaii 135,990 Hawaiian
7 Portland, Oregon 124,620 Alaska, Hawaiian
8 Dallas/Fort Worth, Texas 123,980 American
9 San Jose, California 120,980 Alaska, Hawaiian
10 Oakland, California 119,520 Alaska, Hawaiian

Airline market share[edit]

Largest Airlines at OGG
(September 2017 – August 2018)[16]
Rank Airline Passengers Share
1 Hawaiian Airlines 3,542,000 52.60%
2 United Airlines 920,000 13.67%
3 Alaska Airlines 856,000 12.71%
4 American Airlines 712,000 10.58%
5 Delta Air Lines 432,000 6.42%
6 Others 272,000 4.03%

Public transport[edit]

Maui Bus operates two routes that stop at Kahului Airport. Route 35 Haiku Islander and Route 40 Upcountry Islander stop at the airport, both as a third stop from Queen Kaahumanu Center in Kahului, and third to last stop going back to Kahului. Route 35 connects the airport with Paia and Haiku, while Route 40 connects Pukalani, Makawao, and Haliimaile to the airport.[17][18]

Accidents and incidents[edit]

Aloha Airlines Flight 243

On April 28, 1988, Aloha Airlines Flight 243, a Boeing 737-200 interisland flight from Hilo Airport to Honolulu International Airport carrying 89 passengers and six crew members experienced rapid decompression when an 18-foot section of the fuselage roof and sides were torn from the aircraft. A flight attendant was sucked out of the aircraft and died. Several passengers sustained life-threatening injuries including massive head wounds. The aircraft declared an emergency and landed at Kahului Airport. Noise created by the rush of air rendered vocal communication useless, and the pilots had to use hand signals during landing.

Investigations of the disaster, headquartered at Honolulu International Airport, concluded that the accident was caused by metal fatigue. The disaster caused almost all major United States air carriers to retire their oldest aircraft models.

Aloha Island Air Flight 1712

On October 28, 1989, Aloha Island Air Flight 1712, a de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter aircraft, collided with mountainous terrain near Halawa Valley, Molokai, while en route on a scheduled passenger flight from Kahului Airport to Molokai Airport in Hoolehua.

The NTSB determined the cause of the accident was the airplane's controlled flight into terrain as a result of the decision of the captain to continue the flight under visual flight rules at night into instrument meteorological conditions, which obscured rising mountainous terrain.[19]

All 20 aboard the aircraft died. Thirteen of the victims were from Molokai, including eight members of the Molokai High School boys and girls volleyball teams and two faculty members. The girls team had just qualified on Maui for the state tournament.[20]

Hawaii Air Ambulance

On March 8, 2006, a Hawaii Air Ambulance Cessna 414 was making an approach to Runway 5 when it crashed into a BMW dealership just a mile outside of the airport. A pilot and two paramedics were killed in the accident.[21]

Hawaiian Airlines Flight 45

On April 20, 2014, a 15-year-old teen stowed away on a landing gear well of a Hawaiian Airlines jet flying from San Jose International Airport to Kahului Airport. Upon his arrival, he was spotted by authorities, who then questioned him about the incident. The teen claimed that he was trying to see his mother.[22]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Statistics". Hawaii.gov.
  2. ^ a b FAA Airport Master Record for OGG (Form 5010 PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. effective July 29, 2010.
  3. ^ "Kahului CDP, Hawaii Archived November 20, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on May 21, 2009.
  4. ^ "Maui Airport". maui-airport.com. Retrieved June 10, 2015.
  5. ^ "Busiest Airline Routes in the United States – Table – MSN Encarta". Archived from the original on November 1, 2009.
  6. ^ English, Dave (December 1994). "Airport ABCs: An Explanation of Airport Identifier Codes". Air Line Pilot. Air Line Pilots Association, International. Retrieved September 12, 2011.
  7. ^ "List of NPIAS Airports" (PDF). FAA.gov. Federal Aviation Administration. 21 October 2016. Retrieved 23 December 2016.
  8. ^ "Kahului Airport Information: Airport History", hawaii.gov/ogg, archived from the original on 2016-05-14
  9. ^ "WHY IS MAUI'S KAHULUI AIRPORT CODE OGG?".
  10. ^ a b c d "Executive Summary". Kahului Airport Master Plan Update (PDF) (Report). State of Hawaii, Department of Transportation, Airports Division. December 2016. Retrieved 19 October 2017.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g "2: Existing Conditions". Kahului Airport Master Plan Update (PDF) (Report). State of Hawaii, Department of Transportation, Airports Division. December 2016. Retrieved 19 October 2017.
  12. ^ a b Hawai'i Airports and Flying Safety Guide (PDF) (Report) (5th ed.). State of Hawaii, Department of Transportation, Airports Division. 2012–2013. pp. 57–63. Retrieved 19 October 2017.
  13. ^ "Hawaii Airports Modernization – Kahului Airport — Maui". Hawaii Airports Modernization.
  14. ^ https://newsroom.hawaiianairlines.com/releases/hawaiian-airlines-to-add-daily-sacramento-maui-service
  15. ^ "RITA – BTS – Transtats". transtats.bts.gov.
  16. ^ "RITA Stats".
  17. ^ Public Transit – Kahului Airport State of Hawaii Department of Transportation Airports Division, accessed 2012/5/15
  18. ^ "Maui County, HI – Official Website – Maui Bus Public Transit System". Maui Bus Public Transit System.
  19. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on February 7, 2012. Retrieved February 2, 2012.
  20. ^ "Honolulu Star-Bulletin Local News". Star Bulletin.
  21. ^ "Three killed in air ambulance crash on Maui". The Honolulu Advertiser. March 8, 2006. Retrieved March 9, 2006.
  22. ^ "Teen stowaway survives in wheel well of Hawaiian Airlines flight". Khon 2. April 20, 2014.

External links[edit]

Media related to Kahului Airport at Wikimedia Commons