Kaišiadorys

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Kaišiadorys
City
Skyline of Kaišiadorys
Coat of arms of Kaišiadorys
Coat of arms
Kaišiadorys is located in Lithuania
Kaišiadorys
Kaišiadorys
Location of Kaišiadorys
Coordinates: 54°52′N 24°27′E / 54.867°N 24.450°E / 54.867; 24.450Coordinates: 54°52′N 24°27′E / 54.867°N 24.450°E / 54.867; 24.450
Country Lithuania
Ethnographic regionAukštaitija
CountyLTU Kauno apskritis flag.svg Kaunas County
MunicipalityKaišiadorys district municipality
EldershipKaišiadorys town eldership
Capital ofKaišiadorys district municipality
Kaišiadorys town eldership
Kaišiadorys rural eldership
First mentioned1590
Granted city rights1946
Population
(2011)
 • Total8,664
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)

Kaišiadorys ([kɐɪɕɛˈdôːrʲiːs] (About this soundlisten); see Etymology below) is a city in central Lithuania. It is situated between Vilnius and Kaunas. Kaišiadorys is one of six Lithuanian diocese centres. It is home to the Cathedral of the Transfiguration of Christ built in 1932. The Lithuanian Veterinary Institute is located there.

Etymology[edit]

Its name is unusual because of its Asiatic roots. Kaišiadorys was named after a Tatar noble, Khaishadar, who lived in the area during the 16th century.[citation needed]

History[edit]

The city expanded when a railroad connecting Vilnius with Liepāja was built in 1871. During the First World War, the city was occupied by the Germans in 1915, and it became the capital of an administrative unit for the first time. In 1919 the first train departed from Kaišiadorys to Radviliškis. When Trakai and the rest of the Vilnius Region became part of Poland, Kaišiadorys became the temporary capital of the Trakai Apskritis.

On August, 1941, the Jewish population of the town and surroundings was murdered in mass executions perpetrated by an Einsatzgruppen of Germans and Lithuanian nationalists.[1][2][3]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ www.atease.lt, Created atEase. "Holocaust Atlas of Lithuania". www.holocaustatlas.lt. Retrieved 22 April 2018.
  2. ^ www.atease.lt, Created atEase. "Holocaust Atlas of Lithuania". www.holocaustatlas.lt. Retrieved 22 April 2018.
  3. ^ The murder of the Jews of Kaišiadorys in the Holocaust, at Yad Vashem website

External links[edit]