Kaifi Azmi

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Kaifi Azmi
Kaifi Azmi writer.jpg
Sayyid Athar Hussein Rizvi

(1919-01-14)14 January 1919
Died10 May 2002(2002-05-10) (aged 83)
Occupationpoet, lyricist, songwriter
AwardsNational Film Award for Best Lyrics (1970)
Sahitya Akademi Award (1975)
WebsiteKaifi Azmi Website

Athar Hussein Rizvi, known as Kaifi Azmi, (14 January 1919 – 10 May 2002) was an Indian Urdu poet. He is remembered as the one who brought Urdu literature to Indian motion pictures.[citation needed] Together with Pirzada Qasim, Jaun Elia and others he participated in the most memorable mushairas of the twentieth century.[1][2]

Early life[edit]

Azmi was born into a Shia Muslim family in the village of Mizwaan in Azamgarh district of Uttar Pradesh.[citation needed]


Azmi was married to Shaukhat Azmi. They have a daughter, Shabana Azmi who is an actress, and a son, Baba Azmi, a cinematographer. Azmi's daughter-in-law Tanvi Azmi is a television actress.



At age eleven, Azmi wrote his first ghazal Itna To Zindagi Mein Kisi Ki Khalal Pade and somehow managed to get himself invited to a mushaira and over there, he recited a ghazal, rather a couplet of the ghazal which was very much appreciated by the president of the mushaira, Mani Jaisi, but most of the people, including his father, thougt he recited his elder brother's ghazal. When his elder brother denied it, his father and his clerk decided to test his poetic talent. They gave him one of the lines of a couplet and asked him to write a ghazal in the same meter and rhyme. Azmi accepted the challenge and completed a ghazal. This particular ghazal was to become a rage in undivided India and it was immortalised as it was sung by legendary ghazal singer, Begum Akhtar. Azmi abandoned his studies of Persian and Urdu during the Quit India agitations in 1942 and shortly thereafter became a full-time Marxist when he accepted membership of the Communist Party of India in 1943.[3] During this period, the leading progressive writers of Lucknow noticed him. They were very impressed by his leadership qualities. They also saw in him a budding poet and extended all possible encouragement towards him. Consequently, Azmi started to win great acclaim as a poet and became a member of Progressive Writers' Movement of India. At the age of twenty-four, he started activities in the textile mill areas of Kanpur. As a full-time worker, he left his life of comfort, though he was the son of a zamindar. He was asked to shift his base to Bombay, work amongst the workers and start party work with a lot of zeal and enthusiasm and at the same time actress of Indian cinema and Baba Azmi, a noted cameraman.


Mr. Talib Khundmiri introducing Kaifi Azami in Annual Mushaira in Chicago.

Like most of the Urdu poets, Azmi began as a ghazal writer, cramming his poetry with the repeated themes of love and romance in a style that was replete with clichés and metaphors. However, his association with the Progressive Writers' Movement and Communist Party made him embark on the path of socially conscious poetry. In his poetry, he highlights the exploitation of the subaltern masses and through them he conveys a message of the creation of a just social order by dismantling the existing one. Yet, his poetry cannot be called plain propaganda. It has its own merits; intensity of emotions, in particular, and the spirit of sympathy and compassion towards the disadvantaged section of society, are the hallmark of his poetry. His poems are also notable for their rich imagery and in this respect, his contribution to Urdu poetry can hardly be overstated.[4] Azmi's first collection of poems, Jhankar was published in 1943. His important works including anthologies of poetry, were Aakhir-e-Shab, Sarmaya, Awaara Sajde, Kaifiyaat, Nai Gulistan, an anthology of articles he wrote for Urdu Blitz, Meri Awaaz Suno, a selection of his film lyrics, and the script of Heer Ranjha in Devanagari.[5]

His best known poems are Aurat, Makaan, Daaera, Sanp, and Bahuroopni.

Kar chale hum fida jan-o-tan sathion
ab tumhare hawale watan sathio
zinda rahne ki mausam bahut hai magar
jan dene ki rut roz ati nahi
husn aur ishq dono ko ruswa kare
wo jawani jo khu me nahati nahi
aaj dharti bani hai dulhan sathio
Kar Chale hum Fida Jano Tan Sathio

Kaifi Azmi

I sacrifice now, this life and body, o friends...
giving in your hands now, the country, o friends...
so many seasons are there to live, but...
doesn't come often, the season to die...
leaving behind both, the beauty & the love,
of what value is that youth, which doesn't bathe in blood...
today the earth has become my bride, o friends
I sacrifice now, this body and life, o friends...


Azmi's work in films includes working as a lyricist, writer, and actor. Azmi wrote his first lyrics for the film Buzdil, directed by Shaheed Latif and music by SD Burman, released in 1951. His early work as a writer was mainly for Nanubhai Vakil's films like Yahudi Ki Beti (1956), Parvin (1957), Miss Punjab Mail (1958) and Id Ka Chand (1958). While directors like Khwaja Ahmad Abbas and Bimal Roy strove to create the "New Cinema", writers like Sahir Ludhianvi, Jan Nisar Akhtar, Majrooh Sultanpuri, and Kaifi changed the tenor and vocabulary of the Hindi film song, creating a fresh new wave in Hindi film lyrics that lasted many years. [1] His greatest feat as a writer was Chetan Anand's Heer Raanjha (1970) wherein the entire dialogue of the film was in verse. It was a tremendous achievement and one of the greatest feats of Hindi film writing. Azmi also won great critical accolades for the script, dialogues and lyrics of M.S. Sathyu's Garam Hawa (1973), based on a story by Ismat Chughtai. Azmi also wrote the dialogues for Shyam Benegal's Manthan (1976) and Sathyu's Kanneshwara Rama (1977). As a lyricist and songwriter, though he wrote for numerous films, he will always be remembered for Guru Dutt's Kaagaz Ke Phool (1959) and Chetan Anand's Haqeeqat (1964), India's greatest war film. Some notables films for which he wrote lyrics include Kohra (1964), Anupama (1966), Uski Kahani (1966), Saat Hindustani (1969), Shola Aur Shabnam, Parwana (1971), Bawarchi (1972), Pakeezah (1972), Hanste Zakhm (1973), Arth (1982) and Razia Sultan (1983). For Naunihal (1967), he wrote the song "Meri Aawaz Suno Pyar ka Raaz Suno" (Hear my voice, hear the secret of love) sung by Mohammad Rafi. The song is picturised over the funeral procession of Prime Minister of India, Jawahar Lal Nehru. Years later, after Azmi's own death his daughter, Shabana Azmi mentioned finding comfort in verses from the song.[6] He also played a memorable role of Naseem's grandfather in Naseem (1995). Azmi died on 10 May 2002 at around the age of eighty-three. He was survived by his wife, daughter, and son. His autobiography is included in a collection of his works, Aaj Ke Prashid Shayar: Kaifi Azmi.

Year Title Role Notes
1995 Naseem Naseem's Grandfather

In media[edit]

Azmi was the subject of a documentary film called Diksha (2015), directed by Raman Kumar. In 1997, he recited his own poems for Kaifiyaat, an audio book on his collected works.

Kaifi Aur Mein, a play based on his life, his works and the memoir of his wife, Shaukat Azmi – Yadon Ki Rahguzar (Down Memory Lane), was written and performed by Javed Akhtar and Shabana Azmi, and performed in India as well as abroad in 2006.[2] Another play, directed by Rani Balbir, Waqt Ne Kiya Kya Hasin Sitam, based Kaifi Azmi's life and writings was staged in 2005, and received rave reviews.[3]


He was the recipient of Padma Shri, India's fourth-highest civilian award. Besides he was awarded the Uttar Pradesh Urdu Academy Award and the Sahitya Akademi Award for Urdu for his collection Awaara Sajde, Special Award of Maharashtra Urdu Academy, Soviet Land Nehru Award, Lotus Award from the Afro-Asian Writers' Association, and President's Award for national integration. In 1998, Government of Maharashtra conferred the Jyaneshwara Award on him. He was also honoured with the prestigious Sahitya Akademi Fellowship for lifetime achievement.[7]

In 2000, he was conferred the first Millennium Award by the Government of Delhi and the Delhi Urdu Academy. He has also been honoured with a doctorate from Vishva Bharati University, Santiniketan. [4]


The government has also inaugurated a train named "Kaifiyat Express" which runs from his hometown Azamgarh to Old Delhi.

On 14 January 2020, search engine Google commemorated Kaifi Azmi with a Doodle on his 101st birth anniversary.[8] Google commented: "With work ranging from passionate love poems and activist verses to Bollywood songs lyrics and screenplays, Azmi has become one of the most renowned poets of the 20th century in India, and his humanitarian efforts continue to impact people's lives today."[9] There is street also named after him Kaifi Azmi road in Hyderabad.

Sahitya Akademi Award[edit]

National Film Awards[edit]

Select bibliography[edit]

  • Kaifi Azmi – Fan Aur Shaqsiyat (Urdu), Mayar Publications, 2004.
  • Kaifiyaat: Kulliyat-e-Kaifi Azmi (Urdu)), Educational Publishing House, 2003. ISBN 8187667788.
  • Zehr-e-Ishq (Hindi), Vani Prakashan, 2003.
  • Heer Ranjha (Hindi), Vani Prakshan 2003...
  • Steel Man was Here, Penguin, 2002.
  • Kaifi Azmi – Selected Poems and Life Sketch, Rajpal Publishers, 2002. ISBN 81-7028-395-7.
  • Aaj Ke Prashid Shayar: Kaifi Azmi – Chuni Hui Shayari (Hindi), Rajpal & Sons, 2002. ISBN 8170285429.
  • Meri Awaz Suno (Hindi), Rajkamal Prakashan, 2002.
  • Nai Gulistan Vol. 1 (Hindi), Rajkamal Prakashan, 2001.
  • Nai Gulistan Vol. 2 (Hindi), Rajkamal Prakashan, 2001.
  • Doosra Banwas (Hindi), Diamond Pocket Books Pvt. Ltd. ISBN 81-288-0982-2.
  • Awara Sajde (Hindi), Lokbharti Prakashan, 1995.
  • Sarmaya (Urdu), Mayar Publications, 1994. kaifiaurmain.com – kaifiaurmain Resources and Information.
  • Kaifi Azmi: Symbol of resistance – Ranjit Hoskote. The Hindu, 19 May 2002.[5]
  • Kaifi Azmi: A poet and a gentleman. The Times of India, 10 May 2002.[6]
  • Kaifi Azmi: the last comrade-poet – Tarique Omum. The Milli Gazette. [7]


  1. ^ dnaindia. http://www.dnaindia.com/entertainment/report-shabana-azmi-launches-website-to-honour-father-kaifi-azmi-2002666, Retrieved 25 July 2014
  2. ^ indiatoday.intoday. http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/shabana-azmi-launches-website-to-honour-father-kaifi-azmi/1/372810.html, Retrieved 25 July 2014
  3. ^ movies.ndtv. http://movies.ndtv.com/music/kaifi-azmi-s-10th-death-anniversary-today-208703, Retrieved 9 July 2014
  4. ^ outlookindia. http://www.outlookindia.com/people/3/Kaifi-Azmi/7319, Retrieved 9 July 2014
  5. ^ rediff. http://www.rediff.com/tags/kaifi-azmi, Retrieved 9 July 2014
  6. ^ Avanti Maluste; Sudeep Doshi (9 January 2008). A Poem for Cry: Favourite Poems of Famous Indians. Penguin Books India. pp. 26–. ISBN 978-0-670-04998-1. Retrieved 12 August 2013.
  7. ^ "List of Fellows And Honorary Fellows Fellows". SNA Official website. Archived from the original on 5 June 2009.
  8. ^ "Google Doodle Celebrates Legendary Poet Kaifi Azmi's 101st Birth Anniversary". NDTV. 14 January 2020. Retrieved 14 January 2020.
  9. ^ "Kaifi Azmi's 101st Birthday". 1 August 2018. Retrieved 14 January 2020.
  10. ^ Official list of awardees Archived 16 September 2009 at the Wayback Machine Sahitya Akademi.

External links[edit]