Kaijiangosaurus

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Kaijiangosaurus
Temporal range: Middle Jurassic
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Clade: Dinosauria
Clade: Theropoda
Clade: Tetanurae
Genus: Kaijiangosaurus
He, 1984
Type species
Kaijiangosaurus lini
He, 1984

Kaijiangosaurus (meaning "Kiijiang lizard") is a genus of carnivorous tetanuran theropod dinosaur from the Middle Jurassic of China.

In 1984 He Xinlu named and described the type species Kaijiangosaurus lini. The generic name refers to the River (jiang) Kai. The specific name honours the paleontologist Lin Wenqiu.[1]

The holotype, CCG 20020, was in Sichuan discovered in a layer of the Xiashaximiao Formation dating from the Bathonian-Callovian. The main find consists of a fragmentary skeleton lacking the skull. The holotype proper contains the intercentrum of the atlas and the third to ninth neck vertebrae. Other elements have been designated as a paratype, including fragmentary remains of the skull, nine teeth, elements of the pectoral girdle, a forelimb, and a hindlimb. Another paratype is the thighbone of a probably smaller individual.[1] Holtz al (2004) mentioned much more complete specimens, but they are undescribed. There have been doubts about the validity of Kaijiangosaurus. It has been suggested that it was identical to Gasosaurus Dong & Tang 1985, which was found in the same strata as Kaijiangosaurus, the Lower Shaximiao Formation section of the Dashanpu Formation, or a junior synonym of Xuanhanosaurus Dong 1984.

Kaijiangosaurus had a length of about five metres. He mentioned some diagnostic traits. The jugal is straight-edged at the front, deeper at the rear. The teeth are of the megalosaurid type. Their leading edge has only few serrations, near the tip. The cervicals are short, wide and narrow in the middle. The front cervicals have spines with a concave trailing edge. These neck vertebrae are about as wide as they are long; their spines are low and wide. The centra of the rear cervical are concave at their back; their spines are long and narrow. The dorsals are platycoelous and have smooth sides lacking pleurocoels. The front tail vertebrae are also platycoelous, with a flat front and concave rear; the rear caudals are amphicoelous. The tail vertebrae have flat undersides without a midline groove. The scapula is rather straight with only a relative constriction at the lower end and a light expansion at the upper end. The coracoid is oval and has a thick ridge at the upper outer side. With the humerus, the deltopectoral crest is triangular; the shaft has an oval cross-section. The ulna is short and expanded at both ends. The three claws of the hand are strongly curved. Both ends of the thigbone are expanded; the neck is somewhat directed to the rear. The lesser trochanter is low, with a triangular profile. The middle metatarsals are not fused, nor is the third metatarsal constricted at the top.[1]

He originally placed Kaijiangosaurus in the Megalosauridae.[1] Modern analysis suggests it is a basal member of the Tetanurae, or perhaps the Averostra.[2] Due to the fragmentary nature of the remains, it is uncertain what type of tetanuran theropod it is, though it may be a primitive carnosaur.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d He Xinlu (1984). "The vertebrate fossils of Sichuan." Sichuan Scientific and Technological Publishing House, Chengdu. 40: 1-168
  2. ^ Carrano, M.T.; Benson, R.B.J.; & Sampson, S.D., 2012, "The phylogeny of Tetanurae (Dinosauria: Theropoda)", Journal of Systematic Palaeontology 10(2): 211–300
  3. ^ Holtz, Thomas R. Jr. (2012) Dinosaurs: The Most Complete, Up-to-Date Encyclopedia for Dinosaur Lovers of All Ages, Winter 2011 Appendix.