Kailash in 2015
11 January 1954
|Alma mater||Barkatullah University (B.E., M.E.)|
|Known for||Activism for children's rights and children's education|
|Awards||Nobel Peace Prize (2014)|
Robert F. Kennedy Human Rights Award (1995)
Kailash Satyarthi (born 11 January 1954) is an Indian social reformer who campaigned against child labour in India and elsewhere and advocated the universal right to education. In 2014 he was the corecipient of the Nobel Peace Prize, along with Malala Yousafzai, “for their struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education.” He is the founder of multiple social activist organizations, including Bachpan Bachao Andolan, Global March Against Child Labour, Global Campaign for Education, Kailash Satyarthi Children's Foundation, and Rugmark now known as GoodWeave International.
To date, Kailash Satyarthi and his team at Bachpan Bachao Andolan have liberated more than 88,000 children in India from child labour, slavery and trafficking. In 1998, Satyarthi conceived and led the Global March against Child Labour, an 80,000 km-long march across 103 countries to put forth a global demand against worst forms of child labour. This became one of the largest social movements ever on behalf of exploited children. The demands of the marchers, which included children and youth (particularly the survivors of trafficking for forced labour, exploitation, sexual abuse, illegal organ transplants, armed conflict etc.) were reflected in the draft of the ILO Convention 182 on the Worst Forms of Child Labour. The following year, the Convention was unanimously adopted at the ILO Conference in Geneva.
Kailash Satyarthi has been a member of a UNESCO body established with the goal of providing "Education for All" and has been on the board of the Fast Track Initiative (now known as the Global Partnership for Education). Satyarthi has also served on the board and committee of several international organisations including the Center for Victims of Torture (USA), the International Labor Rights Fund (USA), and the Cocoa Initiative. Satyarthi was among Fortune magazine's "World's Greatest Leaders" in 2015 and featured in LinkedIn's Power Profiles List in 2017 and 2018. More recently, Satyarthi led a nationwide march, Bharat Yatra, in India covering 19,000 km (12,000 mi) in 35 days, in demand for strong legislation against child rape, child sexual abuse and trafficking.
Satyarthi was born in Vidisha, a small town in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh in a middle-class family. Satyarthi was the second child and had an older brother. His father was a police constable (he retired subsequently as a Head Constable) and his mother was uneducated; still she was a housewife with high morals. As per Satyarthi, this exceptionally idealistic and helpful nature of his mother had a big impact on him. He grew in a locality (mohalla) which had Hindus and Muslims living amicably with each other, with a Hindu temple on one side and a Masjid on the other. As a four-year old toddler, he first learnt to read Urdu from the maulvi at the neighboring mosque and subsequently learnt Hindi and English in school.
Satyarthi's experiences when young with poverty and lack of school access for all children had a significant effect on him. He made efforts when young to try to change these inequalities. due to the circumstances of their birth.
He attended Government Boys Higher Secondary School in Vidisha, and completed his degree in electrical engineering at Samrat Ashok Technological Institute in Vidisha (then affiliated to the University of Bhopal, which was renamed in 1988 as Barkatullah University) and a post-graduate degree in high-voltage engineering. He then joined a college in Bhopal as a lecturer for a few years.
In 1980, Sathyarthi gave up his career as an electrical engineer and founded the Bachpan Bachao Andolan (Save Childhood Movement) that year. He conceived and led the Global March Against Child Labor and its international advocacy body, the International Center on Child Labor and Education (ICCLE), which are worldwide coalitions of NGOs, teachers and trades unionists. He has also served as the President of the Global Campaign for Education, from its inception in 1999 to 2011, having been one of its four founders alongside ActionAid, Oxfam and Education International.
In 1998 Satyarthi conceived and led the Global March against Child Labour traversing across 103 countries covering 80,000 km with a demand for an International Law on Worst Forms of Child Labour. This eventually led to the adoption of ILO Convention No. 182 on the worst forms of child labour.
In addition, he established GoodWeave International (formerly known as Rugmark) as the first voluntary labelling, monitoring and certification system of rugs manufactured without the use of child-labour in South Asia. This first of its kind social labeling initiative in the late 1980s and early 1990s undertook focused campaigns on raising consumer awareness on issues relating to the accountability of global corporations with regard to socially responsible consumerism,trade and supply chains. Satyarthi has highlighted child labour as a human rights issue as well as a welfare matter and charitable cause. He has argued that it perpetuates poverty, unemployment, illiteracy, population growth, and other social problems, and his claims have been supported by several studies. He has also had a role in linking the movement against child labour with efforts for achieving "Education for All". He has been a member of a UNESCO body established to examine this and has been on the board of the Fast Track Initiative (now known as the Global Partnership for Education). Satyarthi has served on the board and committee of several international organisations including the Center for Victims of Torture (USA), the International Labor Rights Fund (USA), and the International Cocoa Foundation. He brought child labour and slavery into the post-2015 development agenda for the United Nation's Sustainable Development Goals.
Satyarthi was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2014 "for the struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education". Satyarthi is the first natural born Indian Nobel Peace Laureate.
- Bachpan Bachao Andolan was founded by Satyarthi in 1980 as a mass movement to create a child friendly society where all children are free from exclusion and exploitation and receive free education. The movement has engaged itself in identifying, liberating, rehabilitating and educating children in servitude through direct intervention, community participation, partnerships and coalitions, promoting ethics in trade, unionizing workers, running campaigns on issues such he was so education, trafficking, forced brilliantlabour, ethical trade, and by building child friendly villages.
- Satyarthi established GoodWeave International (formerly known as Rugmark) a network of non-profit organizations dedicated to ending illegal child labour in the rug making industry which provided the first voluntary labelling, monitoring and certification system of rugs manufactured without the use of child labour in South Asia. This latter organisation operated a campaign in Europe and the United States in the late 1980s and early 1990s with the intent of raising consumer awareness of the issues relating to the accountability of global corporations with regard to socially responsible consumerism and trade. Rugmark International re-branded the certification program and introduced the GoodWeave label in 2009. The organization was also re-branded to GoodWeave International. Today the international network comprises producing country offices in India, Nepal and Afghanistan and consumer country programs in the US, UK and Germany.
- In 1998 Satyarthi conceived and led one of the largest civil society movements Global March Against Child Labour traversing across 103 countries covering 80,000 km with a demand for an International Law on Worst Forms of Child Labour. This eventually led to the adoption of ILO Convention No. 182 on worst forms of child labour which was formally adopted in 1999 and went on to become the fastest ratified convention in the history of ILO.
- The Kailash Satyarthi Children's Foundation (KSCF), was established in 2004 by Satyarthi. It is a grassroots organisation that to spread awareness about child issues and be a policy advocate. The foundation is the global umbrella for KSCF India and KSCF, USA.
- Satyarthi formed the Global Campaign for Education, and was made the organisation's president at its inception in 1999. Global Campaign for Education is an international coalition of non-governmental organizations, working to promote children's and adult education through research and advocacy. It was formed in 1999 as a partnership between NGOs that were separately active in the area, including Action Aid, Oxfam, Education International, Global March Against Child Labour and national organizations in Bangladesh, Brazil and South Africa.
The Bharat Yatra, was launched by KSCF to spread awareness about child trafficking and sexual abuse. Launched in Kanyakumari on 11 September 2017 by Kailash Satyarthi, this campaign marched through seven routes covering 22 Indian states and Union Territories, and over 12,000 km. The campaign was aimed at starting a social dialogue about child sexual abuse and child trafficking, hitherto taboo issues in India, in order to protect children vulnerable within their homes, communities, schools. The campaign collaborated with 5,000 civil society organisations, more than 60 Indian faith leaders, 500 Indian political leaders, 600 local, state and national bodies of the Indian government, 300 members of the Indian judiciary, and 25,000 educational institutions across India.
Bharat Yatra saw the participation of more than 1,200,000 marchers over 35 days and led to Criminal Law Amendment Act 2018 with strict deterrent against child rape. The Yatra also resulted in the Anti-Human Trafficking Bill being passed by the 16th Lok Sabha.
Awards and honours
Satyarthi has been the subject of a number of documentaries, television series, talk shows, advocacy and awareness films. In September 2017 India Times listed Satyarthi as one of the 11 Human Rights Activists Whose Life Mission Is To Provide Others with a Dignified Life Satyarthi has been awarded the following national and international honours:
- 1993: Elected Ashoka Fellow (US)
- 1994: The Aachener International Peace Award (Germany)
- 1995: The Trumpeter Award (US)
- 1995: Robert F. Kennedy Human Rights Award (US)
- 1998: Golden Flag Award (Netherlands)
- 1999: Friedrich Ebert Stiftung Award (Germany)
- 2002: Wallenberg Medal, awarded by the University of Michigan
- 2006: Freedom Award (US)
- 2007: recognized in the list of "Heroes Acting to End Modern Day Slavery" by the US State Department
- 2007: Gold medal of the Italian Senate (2007)
- 2008: Alfonso Comin International Award (Spain)
- 2009: Defenders of Democracy Award (US)
- 2014: Nobel Peace Prize
- 2015: Honorary Doctorate by Amity University, Gurgaon
- 2015: Harvard's University Award "Humanitarian of the Year"
- 2016 Member-Fellow, Australian Institute of Management
- 2016 Doctor of Humane Letters, Lynchburg College (USA)
- 2016 Doctor of Law (LLD), West Bengal University of Juridical Sciences (India)
- 2017: P.C Chandra Puraskaar
- 2017: Guinness World Record for Largest Child Safe Guarding Lesson
- 2017: Doctor Honoris Causa, EL Rector Magnífico de la Universidad Pablo de Olavide
- 2018: Personality of the Decade by Dainik Prayukti
- 2018: Honoris Causa in Science, Amity University (India)
- 2018: Santokhba Humanitarian Award 2018
- 2019: Wockhardt Foundation, Lifetime Achievement Award India TV
- 2019: Mother Teresa Memorial Award for Social Justice AsiaNews
- Satyarthi, Kailash; Zutshi, Bupinder (2006). Globalisation, Development And Child Rights. New Delhi: Shipra Publications. ISBN 9788175412705.
- (2016) आज़ाद बचपन की ओर, by Kailash Satyarthi; Prabhat Prakashan. ISBN 9789351867265.
- (2017) Will for Children, by Kailash Satyarthi; Prabhat Prakashan. ISBN 9789386300355.
- (2018) बदलाव के बोल, by Kailash Satyarthi; Prabhat Prakashan. ISBN 9789352664863.
- Kidwai, Rasheed (10 October 2014). "A street rings with 'Nobel' cry". The Telegraph (Calcutta). Calcutta. Archived from the original on 14 October 2014. Retrieved 14 October 2014.
arr Quila area of the town. […] locals were seen drawing affiliation to institutions linked to Satyarhti including his schools – Toppura Primary School, Pedi school and Government Boys Higher Secondary School and Samrat Ashok Technological Institute (SATI) from where Satyarthi graduated in Electrical Engineering and later taught there for two years before embarking his journey to serve humanity.
- Kapoor, Sapan (11 October 2014). "Gandhiji would have been proud of you, Kailash Satyarthi". The Express Tribune Blogs. Karachi. Retrieved 14 October 2014.
Mr Kailash Satyarthi has come a long way since his engineering days at Samrat Ashok Technological Institute, Vidisha, Madhya Pradesh, literally. My father, who was one year senior to this electrical engineering student, vividly remembers him […] who would come to the college in his staple kurta-payjama with a muffler tied around his neck.
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- "Nobel laureate Kailash Satyarthi: "168M children are full-time child laborers…"". cnnpressroom.blogs.cnn.com. Retrieved 6 November 2017.
- "Kailash Satyarthi: A profile". Business Standard. Retrieved 10 October 2014.
- Trivedi, Vivek (11 October 2014). "Kailash Satyarthi's hometown Vidisha celebrates Nobel win". News18.com. Noida, Uttar Pradesh: Network18. Retrieved 14 October 2014.
He was born and brought up in Chhoti Haweli in Andar Quila area of the town. […] locals were seen drawing affiliation to institutions linked to Satyarhti including his schools – Toppura Primary School, Pedi school and Government Boys Higher Secondary School and Samrat Ashok Technological Institute (SATI) from where Satyarthi graduated in Electrical Engineering and later taught there for two years before embarking his journey to serve humanity.
- Chonghaile, Clar (10 October 2014). "Kailash Satyarthi: student engineer who saved 80,000 children from slavery". theguardian.com. London: Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 10 October 2014.
- "Angaben auf der Seite des Menschenrechtspreises der Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung". Friedrich Ebert Stiftung. Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung e.V. Retrieved 10 October 2014.
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- "The Role of Civil Society in the Dakar World Education Forum". Retrieved 10 October 2014.
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- Satyarthi, Kailash (26 September 2012). "Child labour perpetuates illiteracy, poverty and corruption". Deccan Herald. Retrieved 10 October 2014.
- Nanjunda, D C (2009). Anthropology and Child Labour. Mittal Publications. p. 91. ISBN 9788183242783.
- Shukla, C K; Ali, S (2006). Child Labour and the Law. Sarup & Sons. p. 116. ISBN 9788176256780.
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- "Fund the Future: An action plan for funding the Global Partnership for Education" (PDF). April 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 October 2014. Retrieved 10 October 2014.
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- "Our Board".
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- "??????,????????,??? ?? ????????? ????????". VARTA. UNI VARTA. Retrieved 5 January 2018.
- "Nobel Peace laureate Kailash Satyarthi felicitated with Lifetime Achievement Award". India TV. PTI. Retrieved 9 July 2019.
- "Mother Teresa award to activists, NGOs that fight forced labour and human trafficking". Asia News. PTI. Retrieved 4 November 2019.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kailash Satyarthi.|
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Kailash Satyarthi|
- Official website
- Kailash Satyarthi at TED
- "How to make peace? Get angry" (TED2015)
- Appearances on C-SPAN
|Awards and achievements|
Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
| Laureate of the Nobel Peace Prize
With: Malala Yousafzai
Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet