Kailash Satyarthi

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Kailash Satyarthi
Kailash satyarthi.jpg
Kailash in 2016
Born Kailash Sharma[1][2]
11 January,1954
Known for Activism for children's rights and children's education
Spouse(s) Sumedha Kailash
Children Asmita Satyarthi (daughter), Bhuwan Ribhu (son)
Awards

The Aachener International Peace Prize, Germany (1994)

The Trumpeter Award (1995)
Robert F. Kennedy Human Rights Award (1995)
De Golden Wimpel Award (1998)
La Hospitalet Award (1999)
Friedrich Ebert Stiftung Award (1999)
Heroes acting to End Modern Day Slavery by US State Department (2007)
Alfonso Comin International Award (2008)
Medal of the Italian Senate (2007)
Defenders of Democracy Award (2009)
Nobel Peace Prize (2014)
Harvard Humanitarian Award (2015)[3]
Website KailashSatyarthi.net

Kailash Satyarthi (born Kailash Sharma; 11 January 1954) is an Indian children's rights activist. He is a Nobel Peace Prize recipient and founder of Bachpan Bachao Andolan (lit. Save Childhood Movement), the Kailash Satyarthi Children’s Foundation, Global March Against Child Labour, and GoodWeave International.

To date, Kailash Satyarthi and his team at Bachpan Bachao Andolan have liberated more than 87,000[4] children in India from child labour, slavery and trafficking. In 1998, Satyarthi conceived and led the Global March against Child Labour,[5] an 80,000 km-long march across 103 countries to put forth a global demand against child labour. The movement became one of the largest social movements ever on behalf of exploited children. The demands of the marchers, which included children and youth, were reflected in the draft of the ILO Convention 182 on the Worst Forms of Child Labour. The following year, the Convention was unanimously adopted at the ILO Conference in Geneva.

Kailash Satyarthi has been a member of a UNESCO body established with the goal of providing “Education for All” and has been on the board of the Fast Track Initiative (now known as the Global Partnership for Education). Satyarthi serves on the board and committee of several international organisations including the Center for Victims of Torture (USA), the International Labor Rights Fund (USA), and the International Cocoa Foundation.

Satyarthi was among Fortune magazine’s ‘World’s Greatest Leaders’ in 2015[6] and featured in LinkedIn’s Power Profiles List in 201 & 2018.[7] His work has been recognized through various national and international honours and awards including the Nobel Peace Prize of 2014, which he shared with Malala Yousafzai of Pakistan.

More recently, Satyarthi led a nationwide march, Bharat Yatra,[8] in India covering 19,000 km (12,000 mi) in 35 days, to spread awareness about child sexual abuse and trafficking.

Early life[edit]

Kailash Satyarthi receiving the Nobel Peace Prize in Oslo, Norway on 10 December 2014

Kailash Satyarthi was born as Kailash Sharma, on 11 January 1954, in the Vidisha district of central Indian state of Madhya Pradesh, he changed his surname to Satyarthi (meaning ‘seeker of truth’). The name change followed an incident where he, inspired by Mahatma Gandhi’s leadership in the Indian Independence Movement and his own town’s leaders speaking out against the Indian caste system, decided to organize a dinner for the upper caste residents with food cooked by low-caste, so called ‘untouchable’ people. When the leaders of the town failed to show up to the dinner, Satyarthi went back to his house dejected, to find that elderly upper caste people were threatening to outcaste his family unless he “(went) to the river Ganges to take a holy dip.”[9] Additionally, “(he) should organize a feast for 101 priests, wash their feet and drink that water”. Satyarthi refused to comply with their unreasonable demands. However, Satyarthi was still punished, he was barred from his home’s kitchen and dining room and his utensils were separated. Angry at the attempt to outcaste him, Satyarthi decided to “outcaste the entire caste system”[9] by rejecting his surname, as most Indian surnames reflect the caste of a family, and changing it to Satyarthi.

Another notable incident in Satyarthi’s childhood occurred on his first day of school, wherein Satyarthi who was still a child noticed a boy his age sitting with his father, a cobbler, outside the premises of the school, mending shoes. After asking his teacher why the boy wasn’t in school like him and being denied the answer, Satyarthi questioned his headmaster who informed him that the cobbler was poor therefore he could not send his son to school and that it was perfectly normal for poor children to work in order to survive. Unsatisfied with the answer Satyarthi asked the cobbler himself why he didn’t send his son to school. He was told that there are certain children who are “born to work”.[10] Satyarthi describes this as the first time he questioned why some children are born to work “at the cost of their childhood and freedom and education and dreams”[11] due to the circumstances of their birth.

He attended Government Boys Higher Secondary School in Vidhisha, and completed his degree in electrical engineering[12] at Samrat Ashok Technological Institute, Vidisha[1][13][2] and a post-graduate degree in high-voltage engineering. He then joined a college in Bhopal as a lecturer for a few years.[14]

Work[edit]

In 1980, Kailash Sathyarthi gave up his career as an electrical engineer and became secretary general for the Bonded Labor Liberation Front; he also founded the Bachpan Bachao Andolan (Save Childhood Movement) that year.[15][16] He conceived and led the Global March Against Child Labor[17] and its international advocacy body, the International Center on Child Labor and Education (ICCLE),[18] which are worldwide coalitions of NGOs, teachers and trades unionists.[19][20] He has also served as the President of the Global Campaign for Education, from its inception in 1999 to 2011, having been one of its four founders alongside ActionAid, Oxfam and Education International.[21]

In addition, he established GoodWeave International (formerly known as Rugmark) as the first voluntary labelling, monitoring and certification system of rugs manufactured without the use of child-labour in South Asia.[22][23][24] This latter organisation operated a campaign in Europe and the United States in the late 1980s and early 1990s with the intent of raising consumer awareness of the issues relating to the accountability of global corporations with regard to socially responsible consumerism and trade.[25] Satyarthi has highlighted child labor as a human rights issue as well as a welfare matter and charitable cause. He has argued that it perpetuates poverty, unemployment, illiteracy, population growth, and other social problems,[26] and his claims have been supported by several studies.[27][28] He has also had a role in linking the movement against child labour with efforts for achieving "Education for All".[29] He has been a member of a UNESCO body established to examine this and has been on the board of the Fast Track Initiative (now known as the Global Partnership for Education).[30] Satyarthi serves on the board and committee of several international organisations including the Center for Victims of Torture (USA), the International Labor Rights Fund (USA), and the International Cocoa Foundation. He is now reportedly working on bringing child labour and slavery into the post-2015 development agenda for the United Nation's Millennium Development Goals.[31]

Satyarthi, along with Pakistani activist Malala Yousafzai, was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2014 "for their struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education".[32] Satyarthi is the fifth Nobel Prize laureate for India and only the second Indian laureate of the Nobel Peace Prize after Mother Teresa in 1979.

Malala Yousafzai and Kailash Satyarthi. Picture taken at the press conference the day before they received the Nobel Peace Prize 2014.

Kailash Satyarthi supported "Save the Girl Child" initiative by Sunita Dube, Chairperson of MedScape India and discussed the possible actions with Yogesh Dube, Child Rights Commission member for betterment of women and children, specifically their health and well being.[33]

Mr. Satyarthi’s sustained efforts to end child slavery, trafficking, forced labour and violence received international support when he succeeded in getting child protection and welfare-related clauses included in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of the United Nations back in September 2015.

Mr. Satyarthi is the Founder of Parliamentarians without Borders - a Movement that unites legislators across the globe in an endeavour to end violence against children. He also addressed the General Assembly of Inter Parliamentary Union (the global body constituting all parliaments) soliciting support of law makers for child friendly policies.

The first ever moral platform - Laureates and Leaders which happens to be strongest podium for the cause of children across the globe has been engineered by Mr. Kailash Satyarthi.

His unrelenting efforts to synchronize the Indian Child Labour Act with The Right to Education Act and other International Conventions and Treaties that India is signatory to, led to the promulgation of the New Child Labour Law in 2016. On several occasions Bachpan Bachao Andolan under the auspices of Mr. Kailash Satyarthi has been able to secure landmark judgments from various High Courts and Supreme Court of India related to Missing Children; Definition of Trafficking; Establishment of Anti Human Trafficking Units; Registration and Regulation of Placement Agencies; Recovery of Back Wages & Ensuring compensation for survivors of modern slavery among others.

Mr. Kailash Satyarthi envisions a world where the Youth realizes its truest potential as the agent of positive social transformation. It is for this reason he launched the 100 Million for 100 Million Campaign in December 2016. This campaign is a global intervention to mobilize 100 million youth for shaping a better future for 100 million not so privileged children.

In 2017, raising a clarion call against child sexual abuse, Mr. Satyarthi led the 12,000 Km Bharat Yatra (from Kashmir to Kanya Kumari) taking along the child abuse survivors; civil society organizations; politicians across party lines; bureaucrats; celebrities and faith leaders to put the national spotlight on this pressing issue.

To achieve his vision of a world free of violence against children – where all children are free, safe, healthy and educated, he founded Kailash Satyarthi Children’s Foundation. The Foundation’s raison d'être is to advocate for creation and implementation of child-friendly policies ensuring holistic development and empowerment of children across the globe.


Organisations[edit]

  • Bachpan Bachao Andolan was founded by Kailash Satyarthi in 1980[34] as a mass movement to create a child friendly society where all children are free from exclusion and exploitation and receive free education. The movement has engaged itself in identifying, liberating, rehabilitating and educating children in servitude through direct intervention, community participation, partnerships and coalitions, promoting ethics in trade, unionizing workers, running campaigns on issues such as education, trafficking, forced labour, ethical trade, and by building child friendly villages.[35]
  • Mr. Kailash Satyarthi is renowned for inclusion of child exploitation to global socio-political agenda. In 1998 he conceived and led one of the largest civil society movements Global March against Child [36] Labour traversing across 103 countries covering 80,000 km with a demand for an International Law on Worst Forms of Child Labour. This eventually led to the adoption of ILO Convention No. 182 on worst forms of child labour which was formally acclaimed in 1999 and went on to become the fastest ratified convention in the history of ILO.
  • Satyarthi established GoodWeave International (formerly known as Rugmark) a network of non-profit organizations dedicated to ending illegal child labour in the rug making industry which provided the first voluntary labelling, monitoring and certification system of rugs manufactured without the use of child labour in South Asia. This latter organisation operated a campaign in Europe and the United States in the late 1980s and early 1990s with the intent of raising consumer awareness of the issues relating to the accountability of global corporations with regard to socially responsible consumerism and trade. Rugmark International re-branded the certification program and introduced the GoodWeave label in 2009. The organization was also re-branded to GoodWeave International. Today the international network comprises producing country offices in India, Nepal and Afghanistan; and consumer country programs in the US, UK, and Germany.
  • The Kailash Satyarthi Children’s Foundation, established in 2004 by Satyarthi to achieve a child friendly world, operates with an integrated approach towards the problems of the children. Spreading awareness, policy advocacy and capacity building are the foundation blocks of the KSCF approach. A diverse team of experts with keen interest in issues of child rights, internal expertise and strong stakeholder collaboration are the strengths and drivers of the organisation. The Kailash Satyarthi Children’s Foundation (KSCF) is the global umbrella for KSCF India and KSCF, US. A crucial ingredient of the KSCF philosophy is the participation of people, in bringing about the change they deserve. The involvement of people is achieved through our Campaigns and Programmes, where people are made aware about the issues faced by the society and are endowed with solutions that work efficiently. The KSCF Institute looks after the Policy Building and Strengthening process, with its team of experts adept at designing solutions to the problems of people.[37]
  • Satyarthi formed the Global Campaign for Education, and was made the organisation’s president on its inception in 1999.[38] Global Campaign for Education is an international coalition of non-governmental organizations, working to promote children's and adult education through research and advocacy. It was formed in 1999 as a partnership between NGOs that were separately active in the area, including ActionAid, Oxfam, Education International, Global March Against Child Labour and national organizations in Bangladesh, Brazil and South Africa.[39]

Bharat Yatra[edit]

The Bharat Yatra, was launched by KSCF to spread awareness about child trafficking and sexual abuse. Launched in Kanyakumari on September 11, 2017 by Kailash Satyarthi, this campaign marched through seven routes covering 22 Indian states and Union Territories, and over 12,000 km. The campaign was aimed at starting a social dialogue about child sexual abuse and child trafficking, hitherto taboo issues in India, in order to protect children vulnerable within their homes, communities, schools.The campaign collaborated with 5,000 civil society organisations, more than 60 Indian faith leaders, 500 Indian political leaders, 600 local, state and national bodies of the Indian government, 300 members of the Indian judiciary, and 25,000 educational institutions across India.

Bharat Yatra saw the participation of more than 1,200,000 marchers over 35 days.[40]

Personal life[edit]

He lives in New Delhi, India. His family includes his wife, a son, daughter-in-law, a grandson, daughter and a son-in-law.[41] He is an excellent cook.[42]

Awards and honours[edit]

Satyarthi has been the subject of a number of documentaries, television series, talk shows, advocacy and awareness films.[43] In September 2017 India Times listed Satyarthi as one of the 11 Human Rights Activists Whose Life Mission Is To Provide Others With A Dignified Life[44] Satyarthi has been awarded the following national and international honours:

Reception in India[edit]

The discussion of illegalization of child labor was raised after Satyarthi received the Nobel Prize. According to some, it will make child labour go underground, which may cause reduced wages.[63]

Meet up for Childhood Freedom at Lincoln Memorial[edit]

On 16 June 2015, Satyarthi gave a clarion call to leaders and countries towards global elimination of child labour and slavery. Satyarthi was joined by a large number of child rights groups and organisations at the Lincoln Memorial where he called for achieving freedom for the world's children from slavery, labour, abuse, trafficking and illiteracy.[64]

Books[edit]

  • (2018) बदलाव के बोल by Kailash Satyarthi Prabhat Paperbacks ISBN 9789352664863
  • (2017)Will for Children. by Kailash Satyarthi Prabhat Prakashan. ISBN 9789386300355
  • (2016)आज़ाद बचपन की ओर by Kailash Satyarthi Prabhat Prakashan Template:ISBN 9789351867265
  • Satyarthi, Kailash; Zutshi, Bupinder (2006). Globalisation, Development And Child Rights. New Delhi: Shipra Publications. ISBN 9788175412705. 

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Kidwai, Rasheed (10 October 2014). "A street rings with 'Nobel' cry". The Telegraph (Calcutta). Calcutta. Archived from the original on 2014-10-14. Retrieved 2014-10-14. arr Quila area of the town. […] locals were seen drawing affiliation to institutions linked to Satyarhti including his schools – Toppura Primary School, Pedi school and Government Boys Higher Secondary School and Samrat Ashok Technological Institute (SATI) from where Satyarthi graduated in Electrical Engineering and later taught there for two years before embarking his journey to serve humanity. 
  2. ^ a b Kapoor, Sapan (11 October 2014). "Gandhiji would have been proud of you, Kailash Satyarthi". The Express Tribune Blogs. Karachi. Retrieved 2014-10-14. Mr Kailash Satyarthi has come a long way since his engineering days at Samrat Ashok Technological Institute, Vidisha, Madhya Pradesh, literally. My father, who was one year senior to this electrical engineering student, vividly remembers him […] who would come to the college in his staple kurta-payjama with a muffler tied around his neck. 
  3. ^ "'Brief Profile – Kailash Satyarthi'". 2014-10-10. Retrieved 2014-10-10. 
  4. ^ "Satyarthi to deliver talk in PU on Oct 12 - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2017-11-06. 
  5. ^ "How we started | Global March Against Child Labour". www.globalmarch.org. Retrieved 2017-11-06. 
  6. ^ Singh, Yoshita (2015-03-27). "Modi, Kailash Satyarthi among Fortune's list of world's greatest leaders". livemint.com. Retrieved 2017-11-06. 
  7. ^ "Modi, Priyanka Feature in LinkedIn Power Profiles List of 2017". News18. Retrieved 2017-11-06. 
  8. ^ "19,000 km in 35 days: Kailash Satyarthi's Bharat Yatra culminates at Rashtrapati Bhavan". The Statesman. 2017-10-16. Retrieved 2017-11-06. 
  9. ^ a b Regunathan, Sudhamahi (2015-04-30). "How he got his name". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 2017-11-06. 
  10. ^ Codrops. "Kailash Satyarthi... the seeker of truth". www.kailashsatyarthi.net. Retrieved 2017-11-06. 
  11. ^ "Nobel laureate Kailash Satyarthi: "168M children are full-time child laborers…"". cnnpressroom.blogs.cnn.com. Retrieved 2017-11-06. 
  12. ^ "Kailash Satyarthi: A profile". Business Standard. Retrieved 10 October 2014. 
  13. ^ Trivedi, Vivek (11 October 2014). "Kailash Satyarthi's hometown Vidisha celebrates Nobel win". News18.com. Noida, Uttar Pradesh: Network18. Retrieved 2014-10-14. He was born and brought up in Chhoti Haweli in Andar Quila area of the town. […] locals were seen drawing affiliation to institutions linked to Satyarhti including his schools – Toppura Primary School, Pedi school and Government Boys Higher Secondary School and Samrat Ashok Technological Institute (SATI) from where Satyarthi graduated in Electrical Engineering and later taught there for two years before embarking his journey to serve humanity. 
  14. ^ Chonghaile, Clar (10 October 2014). "Kailash Satyarthi: student engineer who saved 80,000 children from slavery". theguardian.com. London: Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 10 October 2014. 
  15. ^ "Angaben auf der Seite des Menschenrechtspreises der Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung". Friedrich Ebert Stiftung. Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung e.V. Retrieved 2014-10-10. 
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  17. ^ "The New Heroes . Meet the New Heroes . Kailash Satyarthi – PBS". Retrieved 10 October 2014. 
  18. ^ "About". knowchildlabor.org. Archived from the original on 30 November 2012. 
  19. ^ "Trust Women – Kailash Satyarthi". Archived from the original on 10 October 2014. 
  20. ^ David Crouch (10 October 2014). "Malala and Kailash Satyarthi win Nobel Peace prize". Financial Times. Retrieved 10 October 2014. 
  21. ^ "The Role of Civil Society in the Dakar World Education Forum". Retrieved 10 October 2014. 
  22. ^ "Who is India's Kailash Satyarthi, the other Nobel Peace Prize winner?". Rama Lakshmi. Retrieved 10 October 2014. 
  23. ^ "A Fitting Nobel for Malala Yousafzai and Kailash Satyarthi". Amy Davidson. Retrieved 10 October 2014. 
  24. ^ "RugMark USA – Entrepreneurs in Depth – Enterprising Ideas". PBS-NOW. Retrieved 10 October 2014. 
  25. ^ "Principal Voices: Kailash Satyarthi". CNN. 28 June 2007. Archived from the original on 31 January 2013. Retrieved 10 October 2014. 
  26. ^ Satyarthi, Kailash (26 Sep 2012). "Child labour perpetuates illiteracy, poverty and corruption". Deccan Herald. Retrieved 10 October 2014. 
  27. ^ Nanjunda, D C (2009). Anthropology and Child Labour. Mittal Publications. p. 91. ISBN 9788183242783. 
  28. ^ Shukla, C K; Ali, S (2006). Child Labour and the Law. Sarup & Sons. p. 116. ISBN 9788176256780. 
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  30. ^ "Fund the Future: An action plan for funding the Global Partnership for Education" (PDF). April 2014. Archived from the original (pdf) on 16 October 2014. Retrieved 10 October 2014. 
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  34. ^ "History | Bachpan Bachao Andolan". www.bba.org.in. Retrieved 2017-11-06. 
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  39. ^ User, Super. "About us". www.campaignforeducation.org. Retrieved 2017-11-06. 
  40. ^ "Bharat Yatra". bharatyatra.online. Retrieved 2017-11-06. 
  41. ^ "Kailash Satyarthi – Biography". Retrieved 10 October 2014. 
  42. ^ Azera Parveen Rahman (10 October 2014). "Kailash Satyarthi loves to cook for rescued child labourers". news.biharprabha.com. IANS. Retrieved 10 October 2014. 
  43. ^ "Bachpan Bachao Andolan produced film nominated for New York Film Festival". globalmarch.org. 
  44. ^ Anjali Bisaria. "11 Human Rights Activists Whose Life Mission Is to Provide Others with A Dignified Life". Indiatimes.com. 
  45. ^ "कुरियन,केजरीवाल,राव को प्रयुक्ति पुरस्कार". VARTA. UNI VARTA. Retrieved 5 January 2018. 
  46. ^ IANS (23 April 2017). "Satyarthi given P.C. Chandra award" – via Business Standard. 
  47. ^ "Nobel-winner Kailash Satyarthi is now Harvard's 'Humanitarian of the Year' - Times of India". 
  48. ^ "Satyarthi's '3D' model: Dream, discover, do". Times of India. Retrieved 3 October 2015. 
  49. ^ P.J. George. "Malala, Kailash Satyarthi win Nobel Peace Prize". The Hindu. 
  50. ^ "Social Activist Kailash Satyarthi to get 2009 Defender of Democracy Award in U.S." 20 October 2009. Retrieved 10 October 2014. 
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  53. ^ "Heroes Acting To End Modern-Day Slavery". U.S. Department of State. 
  54. ^ "Kailash Satyarthi – Architect of Peace". ArchitectsOfPeace.org. 
  55. ^ "Medal Recipients – Wallenberg Legacy, University of Michigan". Univ. of Michigan. 
  56. ^ "Human Rights Award of the Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung". fes.de. 
  57. ^ "Our Board". 
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  62. ^ "Fellows: Kailash Satyarthi". Ashoka: Innovators for the Public. 1993. Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  63. ^ Prashanth Perumal (24 November 2014). "Save the children, Legalize child labour". Live Mint. Retrieved 9 December 2014. Acting on emotional appeals from activists will do more harm than good for children in poverty 
  64. ^ "Nobel Winner Kailash Satyarthi Calls for Global Elimination of Child Labour". NDTV. Retrieved 17 June 2015. 

External links[edit]

Awards and achievements
Preceded by
Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
Laureate of the Nobel Peace Prize
2014
With: Malala Yousafzai
Succeeded by
Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet