Kaipara (New Zealand electorate)

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Kaipara is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate north of Auckland that existed from 1902 to 1946, and from 1978 to 1996.

Population centres[edit]

The Representation Act 1900 had increased the membership of the House of Representatives from general electorates 70 to 76, and this was implemented through the 1902 electoral redistribution. In 1902, changes to the country quota affected the three-member electorates in the four main centres. The tolerance between electorates was increased to ±1,250 so that the Representation Commissions (since 1896, there had been separate commissions for the North and South Islands) could take greater account of communities of interest. These changes proved very disruptive to existing boundaries, and six electorates were established for the first time, including Kaipara, and two electorates that previously existed were re-established.[1]

The electorate was rural and located north of Auckland city, in the North Auckland region.

History[edit]

The electorate was created for the 1902 election, and abolished in 1946.[2] The first representative was the independent conservative Alfred Harding.[3] In the 1905 election, Harding stood for the breakaway New Liberal Party, but was beaten by John Stallworthy of the Liberal Party.[4]

In the 1911 election, Stallworthy was beaten by Gordon Coates, who was Prime Minister from 1925 to 1928, and who held the electorate until he died in 1943.[5] As a (belated) wartime general election was to be held shortly, a by-election was not necessary, and Clifton Webb succeeded Coates.[6] When the Kaipara electorate was abolished in 1946, Webb successfully stood in the Rodney electorate.[7]

Kaipara was recreated in 1978,[2] and again replaced by Rodney in 1996. Lockwood Smith then transferred to Rodney, and later became the Speaker of the House.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Key

 Independent    Liberal    Reform  
 National    Ind. National
Election Winner
1902 election Alfred Harding
1905 election John Stallworthy
1908 election
1911 election Gordon Coates
1914 election
1919 election
1922 election
1925 election
1928 election
1931 election
1935 election
1938 election
1943 election Clifton Webb
(electorate abolished 1946–1978, see Rodney)
1978 election Peter Wilkinson
1981 election
1984 election Lockwood Smith
1987 election
1990 election
1993 election
(electorate abolished 1996, see Rodney)

Election results[edit]

1938 election[edit]

General election, 1938: Kaipara[8][9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Gordon Coates 5,414 57.62 +8.78
Labour Percy MacGregor Stewart 3,725 39.64
Country Party James Scott-Davidson 257 2.74
Informal votes 65 0.69 -0.74
Majority 1,689 17.98 +14.87
Turnout 9,461 92.85 +3.17
Registered electors 10,190

1935 election[edit]

General election, 1935: Kaipara[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Reform Gordon Coates 4,738 48.84 -14.30
Independent William Grounds 4,436 45.72
Democrat John Caughley 528 5.44
Informal votes 141 1.45 +1.06
Majority 302 3.11 -23.16
Turnout 9,702 89.68 +5.21
Registered electors 10,818

1931 election[edit]

General election, 1931: Kaipara[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Reform Gordon Coates 5,008 63.14 -2.52
Country Party Albert Edward Robinson[12] 2,924 36.86
Majority 2,084 26.27 -5.04
Informal votes 23 0.29 -1.10
Turnout 7,955 84.47 -3.38
Registered electors 9,418

1928 election[edit]

General election, 1928: Kaipara[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Reform Gordon Coates 5,190 65.65 -14.22
Labour James Gillespie Barclay 2,715 34.35
Informal votes 111 1.38 -0.10
Majority 2,475 31.31 -29.92
Turnout 8,016 87.85 -1.07
Registered electors 9,125

1925 election[edit]

General election, 1925: Kaipara[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Reform Gordon Coates 6,307 79.87 +14.42
Labour Bill Barnard 1,472 18.64
Informal votes 117 1.48 +0.15
Majority 4,835 61.23 +28.98
Turnout 7,896 89.82 +0.04
Registered electors 8,790

1922 election[edit]

General election, 1922: Kaipara[15][16][17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Reform Gordon Coates 5,001 65.45 -13.53
Liberal Robert Hornblow 2,537 33.20
Informal votes 102 1.33 -2.38
Majority 2,464 32.25 -29.43
Turnout 7,640 88.88 +11.24
Registered electors 8,595

1919 election[edit]

General election, 1919: Kaipara[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Reform Gordon Coates 4,214 78.98 +19.77
Labour Alfred Gregory 923 17.30
Informal votes 198 3.71 +2.20
Majority 3,291 61.68 +43.28
Turnout 5,335 77.64 -8.19
Registered electors 6,871

1914 election[edit]

General election, 1914: Kaipara[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Reform Gordon Coates 3,596 59.21 +3.52
Liberal Richard Hoe 2,478 40.79
Informal votes 92 1.51 1.29
Majority 1,118 18.40 +6.80
Turnout 6,074 85.83 +7.63
Registered electors 7,076

1911 election[edit]

General election, 1911: Kaipara, Second ballot[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Independent Gordon Coates 2,744 55.69 +19.32
Liberal John Stallworthy 2,172 44.08 -1.33
Informal votes 11 0.22 -1.26
Majority 572 11.60
Turnout 4,927 78.20 -2.22
General election, 1911: Kaipara, First ballot[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Stallworthy 2,301 45.41
Independent Gordon Coates 1,843 36.37
Reform Edward Thurlow Field 848 16.73
Informal votes 75 1.48
Turnout 5,067 80.42
Registered electors 6,300

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 67f.
  2. ^ a b Wilson 1985, p. 265.
  3. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 202.
  4. ^ Wilson 1985, pp. 202, 236.
  5. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 189.
  6. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 244.
  7. ^ Wilson 1985, pp. 244, 265.
  8. ^ "The General Election, 1938". National Library. 1939. p. 3. Retrieved 30 November 2014. 
  9. ^ "Electoral". The New Zealand Herald. LXXV (23181). 29 October 1938. p. 25. Retrieved 30 November 2014. 
  10. ^ The New Zealand Official Year-Book. Government Printer. 1936. Retrieved 3 August 2013. 
  11. ^ The General Election, 1931. Government Printer. 1932. p. 3. Retrieved 2 November 2014. 
  12. ^ "Notice of Nominations received and Polling Places appointed". Rodney and Otamatea Times, Waitemata and Kaipara Gazette. 25 November 1931. p. 7. Retrieved 21 November 2014. 
  13. ^ The General Election, 1928. Government Printer. 1929. p. 3. Retrieved 19 July 2015. 
  14. ^ The General Election, 1925. Government Printer. 1926. p. 2. Retrieved 20 November 2014. 
  15. ^ The New Zealand Official Year-Book. Government Printer. 1924. Retrieved 24 November 2013. 
  16. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 83f.
  17. ^ Hislop 1923, pp. 1–6.
  18. ^ Hislop, J. (1921). The General Election, 1919. National Library. pp. 1–6. Retrieved 6 December 2014. 
  19. ^ Hislop, J. (1915). The General Election, 1914. National Library. pp. 1–33. Retrieved 1 August 2013. 
  20. ^ a b "The General Election, 1911". National Library. 1912. pp. 1–14. Retrieved 1 August 2013. 

References[edit]

  • McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8. 
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.