|Elevation||21 m (69 ft)|
|• Official||Gujarati, Hindi|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Kheda, also known as Kaira, is a town and a municipality in Kheda district in the Indian state of Gujarat. Kheda, is 35 km from Ahmedabad. The National Highway no. 8 connecting Ahmedabad and Mumbai passes through Kheda. It forms the administrative center of Kheda District.
The town of Kheda passed to the Babi Dynasty (of Pashtun descent) early in the eighteenth century, with whom it remained until 1763, when it was taken by the Marathas. The Babi family which ruled Kheda shifted to Khambat and now most of that family lives in Ahmedabad. The last head of the Kheda family, Sahibzada Ahmed Siddique Hussain khanji Dilawar khanji Babi, was married to Bima Rahim sultana bakhte babi sahiba of Junagarh State, and issued a daughter named Bima Nasreen sultana bakhte Babi, who is married to Sahibzada Anis Muhammad khanji babi of Devgam A house of Junagadh state.
The Marathas ceded the district to the British in 1803, and it became part of the Bombay Presidency of British India. Nevertheless Kaira was still entitled, at least in 1901, to a tribute of 488 Rupees from the Koli petty princely state of Ghorasar. Kheda was a large military station until 1830, when the cantonment was removed to Deesa. Gujjars established many villages in the Kheda District area, as did Jats and other groups.
Kheda is on the bank of the river "Vatrak" and "Shedhi".
Kheda is located at  It has an average elevation of 21 metres (68 feet)..
As of 2001[update] India census, Kheda had a population of 24,034. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Kheda has an average literacy rate of 70%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 77%, and female literacy is 63%. In Kheda, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Castes and Clans
The clans of Jats in Gujarat are similar to those of Jats of North India. The following clans are found in the Kheda District. The way they are written in Gujarati is given in brackets. Kheda District is one of few districts in Gujarat with a Jat population (Banas Kantha, Mehsana, Sabar Kantha, Kutchh, etc.)
- Chauhan, Chawan, Chahar (Chauhan)
- Gaur, Goru (Gaur, Gor)
- Godara-Godha (Goda)
- Gulia (Galia)
- Maan (Manar)
Rajputs in this District are usually of the Chauhan clan. Rajputs have had a huge influence in this area as in the state of Gujarat in general. There are Vohra/Vora Gujjar populations also.
Many of the villages have names based on the clans of Jats who inhabited them, including :
- Sunda (jat)
- Odasi (jat)
- Narwar (jat)
- Pichkya (jat)
Nadiad - Santram Temple, DDIT (Dharamsinh Desai Institute of Technology)
There is one temple of Meldi Mata in Kheda, which holds an annual fair in February. Around 100,000 people visit Kheda for this event.
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Kheda
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- VP Desai's book "Bharat ke Chaudhary" (Bharatna Anjana)
- Mahaveer Singh Verma: Jat Veer Smarika 1992 – "Jat Samaj Ahmedabad"