Wilhelmshaven Imperial Shipyard

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Kaiserliche Werft Wilhelmshaven
Industry Shipbuilding
Fate Closed after World War I
Successor Kriegsmarinewerft Wilhelmshaven
Founded 1871
Defunct 1918
Headquarters Wilhelmshaven, Germany
Products Warships
U-boats
Kaiserliche Marine Werft, Wilhelmshaven, 1908

Kaiserliche Werft Wilhelmshaven (Wilhelmshaven Imperial Shipyard) was a German shipbuilding company in Wilhelmshaven, founded in 1871 and closed in 1918. Together with Kaiserliche Werft Danzig and Kaiserliche Werft Kiel it was one of three shipyards which solely produced warships for the Preußische Marine and the following German Kaiserliche Marine. With the end of World War I all three imperial shipyards were closed, but the Wilhelmshaven shipyard was reopened in 1919, first as Reichsmarinewerft Wilhelmshaven, and after 1935 named Kriegsmarinewerft Wilhelmshaven.

History[edit]

Kaiserliche Werft Wilhelmshaven was a German shipbuilding company in Wilhelmshaven, a coastal town in Lower Saxony - North Germany - on the western side of the Jade Bight, a bay of the North Sea.

The predecessor of the Kaiserliche Werft was founded 1853 under an agreement of the Großherzogtum Oldenburg (Grand Duchy of Oldenburg) and the Königreich Preußen (Kingdom of Prussia). The object of this agreement was a protection of Oldenburg´s merchant fleet by Prussian navy on the one hand, on the other to enlarge the Prussian sphere of influence in the western part of Germany. When the Jade-Vertrag (Jade Treaty) was signed about 3.10 km² of Oldenburgian territory at the Jade Bight was ceded to Prussia.

The first years the naval base was only used as an arsenal, depot and repair facility for the developing Prussian fleet. Building up of necessary harbours, slipways, dockyards, workshops, etc. followed some years later.

After the Prussian victory over Austria in the 1866 Austro-Prussian War, the Norddeutscher Bund (North German Confederation) was founded and the shipyard was handed over from Prussia to this new confederation. The shipyard was officially opened 1869 by the Prussian King Wilhelm I. First known as Königliche Werft, the shipyard was now named Marinewerft des Norddeutschen Bundes (Naval Shipyard of the North German Confederation). With the proclamation of the German Empire in 1871 it received the final name Kaiserliche Werft Wilhelmshaven.

Forced by the needs of the rapidly growing German imperial navy it became necessary to enlarge shipbuilding capacities. Under the reign of Kaiser Wilhelm II and his fleet commander Grand Admiral von Tirpitz the shipyard was immediately extended. It soon became the greatest and most important of the three German imperial shipyards, beginning with about 3000 co-workers in 1880 and at last about 21,000 end of 1918, capable to build the largest and strongest warships of that time.

With the end of World War I the shipyard was closed for a short time, after that it was opened again, now named Reichsmarinewerft Wilhelmshaven and at last, some years later Kriegsmarinewerft Wilhelmshaven.

Ships built by Kaiserliche Werft with laid down/commissioned data (selection):

Aircraft[edit]

References[edit]

  • G. Koop, K. Galle, F. Klein, Von der Kaiserlichen Werft zum Marinearsenal, Bernard & Graefe Verlag München, 1982, ISBN 3-7637-5252-8
  • H. J. Hansen, Die Schiffe der deutschen Flotten 1848 – 1945, Verlag Gerhard Stalling AG, Oldenburg 1973, ISBN 3-7979-1834-8