Imperial commissioner

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(Redirected from Kaiserlicher Kommissar)

Imperial commissioner is an ambivalent English language term, used to render foreign language titles of various – mostly gubernatorial – officers whose 'commission' was in the gift of an Emperor, including China, the Russian Empire and the Holy Roman Empire.

  • The German title, in both the German Empire (1871-1918) and Nazi Germany (1933-45), was usually Reichskommissar.
  • However, Imperial Commissioner can also be used to render Kaiserlicher Kommissar, which in German etymology refers to the Emperor, not to the Empire. This was notably the case for a gubernatorial style in the colonial possession of Jaluit (in the South sea, presently in the Marshall Islands), which were administered, after a single Kommissar ('Commissioner'; 1885 - 1886, Gustav von Oertzen, b. 18.. - d. 1911), by the following Kaiserliche Kommissare :
    • 1886 - 5 October 1887 Wilhelm Knappe (b. 1855 - d. 1910)
    • 5 October 1887 - 29 March 1889 Franz Leopold Sonnenschein (acting to 14 April 1888) (b. 1857 - d. 1897)
    • 29 March 1889 - 14 April 1890 Eugen Brandeis (acting) (b. 1846 - d. 1919) (1st time)
    • 14 April 1890 - February 1892 Friedrich Louis Max Biermann (b. 1856 - d. 1929)
    • Feb 1892 - 1893 Eugen Brandeis (acting) (2nd time)
    • 1893 - 1894 Ernst Schmidt-Dargitz (b. 1859 - d. 1924); thereafter by Landeshauptleute

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